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Celebes Sea

The Celebes Sea ( )) of the western Pacific Oceanmarker is bordered on the north by the Sulu Archipelagomarker and Sulu Seamarker and Mindanao Islandmarker of the Philippinesmarker, on the east by the Sangihe Islandsmarker chain, on the south by Sulawesimarker, and on the west by Kalimantan in Indonesiamarker . The Sea is in the form of a huge basin, and plunges as deep as 20,300 feet (6,200 m). It extends 420 miles (675 km) north-south by 520 miles (837 km) east-west and has a total surface area of 110,000 square miles (280,000 km¬≤). The sea opens southwest through the Makassar Straitmarker into the Java Seamarker.

The Celebes Sea is a piece of an ancient ocean basin that formed 42 million years ago in a setting far from any land mass. By 20 million years ago, crustal movement had pushed the Celebes basin close enough to the Indonesianmarker and Philippinemarker volcanoes to receive volcanic debris. By 10 million years ago the Celebes Sea was inundated with continental debris, including coal, which was shed from a rapidly growing young mountain on Borneo and the basin had docked against Eurasia.

The border between the Celebes and the Sulu Sea is at the Sibutu-Basilan Ridge. Strong ocean currents, deep sea trench and seamounts, combined with active volcanic islands, result in complex oceanographic features.

Celebes Sea pirates

The Celebes Sea has somewhat attained an international notoriety for its pirates who prey not only on small time fishermen but also giant container ships. Nowadays, these pirates have high-tech weapons and equipment like radar and GPS navigation devices and ride on high-speed motorboats.

Marine life

The Celebes Sea is home to a wide variety of fish and aquatic creatures. The tropical setting and warm clear waters permit it to harbor about 580 of the world's 793 species of reef-building corals, which grow as some of the most bio-diverse coral reefs in the world, and an impressive array of marine life, including whales and dolphins, sea turtles, manta rays, eagle rays, barracuda, marlin and other reef and pelagic species. Tuna and yellowfin tuna are also abundant.

In addition to high abundance of fish caught in the Celebes sea, this sea also yields other aquatic products like sea tang.

Commercial significance

An important transport route for trade and commerce in the region. It is a popular site for deep sea diving and luxury ocean cruising.

See also

External links

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