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Central Africa is a core region of the African continent often considered to include Burundimarker, the Central African Republicmarker, Chadmarker, Democratic Republic of the Congomarker, and Rwandamarker.

Middle Africa (as used by the United Nations when categorising geographic subregions) is an analogous term that describes the portion of Africa south of the Sahara Desert, east of Western Africa, but west of the Great Rift Valley. The region is dominated by the Congo Rivermarker and its tributaries, which collectively drain a greater area than any river system except the Amazon.

According to the UN, the nine countries of Middle Africa are Angolamarker, Cameroonmarker, Central African Republicmarker, Chadmarker, Democratic Republic of the Congomarker, Republic of the Congomarker, Equatorial Guineamarker, Gabonmarker, and São Tomé and Príncipemarker. All of the states in the UN subregion of Middle Africa, plus those otherwise commonly reckoned in central Africa (11 states in total), comprise the Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS).

The Central African Federation (1953–1963), also called the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, was made up of what are now the nations of Malawimarker, Zambiamarker, and Zimbabwemarker. Similarly, the Anglican Church of the Province of Central Africa covers dioceses in Botswanamarker, Malawi, Zambia and Zimbabwe. These states are now typically regarded as parts of Southern Africa or Eastern Africa.


Much of Africa's Atlantic coast has a humid tropical climate. It is wet and warm all year. This climate supports a large, dense tropical rain forest. North and south of the Congo Basin are large areas with a tropical savanna climate. Those areas are warm all year, but have distinct dry and wet seasons. Only in the high eastern mountains is there highland climate. Dry steppe and even desert climates are found in the far south sometimes.

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