Central Africa is a core
region of the African
continent often considered to include
Burundi, the Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic
Republic of the Congo, and Rwanda.
(as used by the United Nations
when categorising geographic subregions
) is an
analogous term that describes the portion of Africa south of the
, east of Western Africa
, but west of the Great Rift Valley
. The region is
dominated by the Congo
River and its tributaries, which collectively drain a
greater area than any river system except the Amazon.
to the UN, the nine countries of Middle Africa are Angola, Cameroon, Central African
Republic, Chad, Democratic
Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, and
São Tomé and Príncipe.
All of the states in the UN subregion of
Middle Africa, plus those otherwise commonly reckoned in central
Africa (11 states in total), comprise the Economic Community
of Central African States
Federation (1953–1963), also called the Federation of Rhodesia and
Nyasaland, was made up of what are now the nations of Malawi, Zambia, and
Zimbabwe. Similarly, the Anglican Church of the Province
of Central Africa covers dioceses in Botswana, Malawi, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
are now typically regarded as parts of Southern Africa
or Eastern Africa
Much of Africa's Atlantic coast has a humid tropical climate. It is
wet and warm all year. This climate supports a large, dense
tropical rain forest. North and south of the Congo Basin are large
areas with a tropical savanna climate. Those areas are warm all
year, but have distinct dry and wet seasons. Only in the high
eastern mountains is there highland climate. Dry steppe and even
desert climates are found in the far south sometimes.