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Continental Greece ( - Stereá Elláda, earlier Χέρσος Ελλάς - Chersos Ellas) or Central Greece ( - Kentrikí Elláda), colloquially known as Roúmeli (Ρούμελη), is a geographical region of Greecemarker. Its territory is divided into the peripheries of Central Greece, Atticamarker, and one prefecture of West Greece. Although Attica is part of the geographical region of Central Greece, it has recently been considered a separate region in itself.

Etymology

The region has traditionally been known as Roúmeli (Ρούμελη), a name deriving from the Turkish word Rumelia or Rumeli, meaning "the land of the Rum [the Romans, i.e. the Byzantine Greeks]". The official name Stereá Elláda ("Continental" or "Mainland" Greece), derives from the juxtaposition with the Peloponnesemarker peninsula, and the fact that these two territories formed the independent Greek state in 1832.

Geography

Central Greece is the most populous geographical region of Greece, with a population of 4,591,568 people, and covers an area of 24,818.3 km², making it the second largest of the country. It is located to the north of the Peloponnesemarker and to the south of Thessaly and Epirus, bordering the Aegean Seamarker to the east, the Ionian Seamarker to the west and the Corinthian Gulfmarker to the south. Its climate is temperate along its coastlines, and dry in the interior.

Mountains

The region is one of the most mountainous in Greece, having some of the highest elevations in the country.

Number Mountain Height (m) Placed
in Greece
Prefecture
1 Gionamarker
2,510
5th
Phocismarker
2 Vardousiamarker
2,495
7th
Phocismarker
3 Parnassus
2,457
9th
Phocismarker, Boeotia
4 Tymfristos
2,315
16th
Evrytaniamarker, Phthiotismarker
5 Oetamarker
2,152
22nd
Phthiotismarker


Lakes

Central Greece has also some of the largest lakes in Greece, while amongst the most important is Mornosmarker lake in Phocismarker, which supplies water around the prefecture, parts of the Phthiotismarker and Boeotia prefectures and Athensmarker as well.

Number Lake Area (km²) Placed
in Greece
Prefecture
1 Trichonidamarker
96,513
1st
Aetolia-Acarnania
2 Yliki
22,731
9th
Boeotia
3 Amvrakia
13,619
13th
Aetolia-Acarnania
4 Lysimachiamarker
13,200
14th
Aetolia-Acarnania
5 Ozerosmarker
10,013
16th
Aetolia-Acarnania


Rivers

Some important and well known rivers of Central Greece are Acheloosmarker in Aetolia-Acarnania which is the second longest of the country, Spercheiosmarker in Phthiotismarker, Evenus in Aetolia-Acarnania and Mornosmarker in Phocismarker.

Cities

The principal cities of the region of Central Greece according to the census of 2001 are:
  • Athensmarker
  • :3,130,841 (Athens metropolitan area)
    • including all the towns around Athens urban area
  • ::3,761,810)
  • Lamiamarker
58,601
53,584
42,390
21,211
20,061


Culture

Roumelian music and dances

Roumelian dances tend to be slow and controlled. The clarinet is the main instrument in this region. The main dances of this region are tsamikos (an ancient warrior dance, in which the leader performs energetic leaps), mazochto and kangeli.

See also



External links




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