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Central New York is a term used to broadly describe the central region of New York Statemarker, roughly including the following counties and cities:

Under this definition, the region has a population of about 1,177,073.

Major newspapers in the region include the Oneida Daily Dispatch, Syracuse Post-Standard, Auburn Citizen, Ithaca Journal, and Utica Observer-Dispatch, as well as the alternative newsweekly Syracuse New Times.

The major colleges and universities in the region include Hamilton College, Cornell Universitymarker, Le Moyne College, SUNY Oswegomarker, Colgate Universitymarker, SUNY Cortlandmarker, Ithaca Collegemarker, Syracuse Universitymarker and the SUNY ESF.

The region is served by several television stations based in Syracusemarker (including ABC affiliate WSYR-TVmarker, NBC affiliate WSTM-TVmarker, CBS affiliate WTVHmarker, Fox affiliate WSYTmarker and PBS member station WCNY-TVmarker) and Uticamarker (NBC affiliate WKTVmarker, ABC affiliate WUTRmarker and Fox TV affiliate WFXVmarker).

Note: Tompkins County and Cortland County are often considered part of the region in New York State called the Southern Tier; the ski countrydemarcation line runs through Cortland County. Tompkins County, which features Ithacamarker at the end of Cayuga Lakemarker, is often considered part of the Finger Lakesmarker.Oneida County and Herkimer County are often considered part of the region in NYS called the Mohawk Valley, although the "Central New York" and "Mohawk Valley" definitions overlap and neither definition is mutually exclusive. Therefore Tompkins County, Cortland County, Oneida County and Herkimer County are only Central New York in the broader sense of the phrase "Central New York".

Only Onondaga County, Cayuga County, Oswego County and Madison County are always considered "Central New York".

The New York State Department of Transportation defines the Central/Eastern region as including the counties of Albany, Broome, Chenango, Columbia, Cortland, Delaware, Fulton, Greene, Herkimer, Madison, Montgomery, Oneida, Onondaga, Oswego, Otsego, Rensselaer, Saratoga, Schenectady, Schoharie, Sullivan, Ulster, and Washington, but does not commit itself to a definition of Central New York per se.


During the early historic period, the Iroquoissuccessfully excluded Algonquintribes from the region.

The Central New York Military Tract, land reserved from soldiers of the American Revolution, was located here. Many towns derived from the tracts have classical names.

Speech patterns

Many Central New Yorkers pronounce elementary as /ɛləmɛntɛɹi/ instead of the General American pronunciations of /ɛləmɛntɝi/ and /ɛləmɛntri/. The r-colored vowels in documentary and complimentary follow suit.

Central New Yorkers tend to not use certain accents and speech patterns heard in Western New York. (I.e., the Western New York tendency to say "the" before a route number, such as "the 90" for Interstate 90, is not observed in Central New York.)


  1. "Central/Eastern Region", New York State Dept of Transportation. Retrieved 25 January 2009.
  2. Dinkin & Evanini (2009): " An Eleméntàry Linguistic Definition of Upstate New York".

Cayuga Countymarker
Cortland Countymarker
Herkimer Countymarker
Little Fallsmarker
Madison Countymarker
Oneida Countymarker
Romemarker, Sherrillmarker (Smallest city in New York) & Uticamarker
Onondaga Countymarker
Syracusemarker (Largest city in the region)
Oswego Countymarker
Fultonmarker & Oswegomarker
Tompkins Countymarker

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