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Central Station ( ) (IATA: YMY) is the major inter-city rail station and a major commuter rail hub in Montrealmarker, Quebecmarker, Canadamarker.

Designed by John Campbell Merrett, the main concourse is located on rue de la Gauchetière Westmarker and occupies almost the entire block bounded by de la Gauchetière, University Streetmarker, René-Lévesque Street and Mansfield Street. The station is adorned with art deco bas-relief friezes on its interior and exterior. The station building and associated properties is owned by Homburg Invest Inc. as of November 30, 2007. From the station's inception in 1943 until this date, it had been owned by Canadian National Railway (CN).

Central Station is at the centre of the Quebec City – Windsor Corridor, the busiest inter-city rail service area in the nation (marketed as the Corridor), which extends from Windsormarker and Sarniamarker in the west, through Torontomarker, Ottawamarker, and Montrealmarker, to Quebec Citymarker in the east. Inter-city trains at Central Station are operated by VIA Rail and Amtrak, while commuter rail services are operated by Agence métropolitaine de transport (AMT). The station is also connected to the Montreal Metro subway system.

Central Station is one of the busiest VIA Rail stations in Canada. Its VIA station code is MTRL; its Amtrak code is MTR.

Services

VIA Rail

  • Abitibi to Shawinigan, La Tuque and Senneterre
  • Chaleur to Charny, Rivière-du-Loup, Rimouski, Carleton, New Carlisle, Chandler, Percé and Gaspé
  • Montreal-Quebec City to Saint-Lambert, Drummondville, Sainte-Foy and Quebec City
  • Ocean to Charny, Rivière-du-Loup, Rimouski, Campbellton, Bathurst, Miramichi, Moncton and Halifax
  • Ottawa-Montreal to Alexandria and Ottawa
  • Saguenay to Shawinigan, Chambord, and Jonquière
  • Toronto-Montreal to Cornwall, Brockville, Kingston, Belleville, Oshawa and Toronto


Amtrak



AMT



History

Track level plan
Track plan
Central Station sits above and next to the site of the now-demolished Canadian Northern Railway's Tunnel Terminal.

At the end of the 1920s, the newly formed Canadian National Railways struggled with disparate Montreal terminals (Bonaventure Station, Tunnel Terminal, Moreau Street Station, and McGill Street) and sought to consolidate them. The solution chosen was to take advantage of the Mount Royal Tunnel to bring trains from the north and east through the tunnel to a big electrified central station. Trains from the south and west gained access by a new elevated viaduct. (Interurban electric trains, however, ended up remaining at McGill Street terminal until the service was abandoned in 1956.) The new station plan allowed for the development of air-rights, similar to Grand Central Terminalmarker and Penn Stationmarker in New York Citymarker.

Construction started at the end of the 1920s, but was halted during the Great Depression. Construction resumed during World War II and the new station finally opened on July 14, 1943, as the first of a series of large-scale urban redevelopment projects undertaken by CNR and the federal government in downtown Montreal. Central Station was designed by architect John Campbell Merrett.

The opening of a 'central' station was part of a consolidation project undertaken by CNR since 1929 with the enactment of the Canadian National Montreal Terminals Act, 1929 by Parliamentmarker; this saw the closure of former temporary stations operated by CNR predecessors Grand Trunk (Bonaventure Station) and Canadian Northern.

Central Station was an important passenger station for CN trains from 1943 until the creation of VIA Rail in 1978. Following VIA's full absorption of CP's passenger trains in 1978, intercity rail traffic from Windsor Stationmarker was slowly consolidated at Central Station. The final VIA trains switched from Windsor Station to Central Station were the Quebec City trains that operated by way of Trois-Rivières (April 1984). Amtrak's Adirondack was switched to Central Station a short time later.

On September 3, 1984, a pipe bomb exploded inside a Central Station locker, killing 3 people and injuring 30 more. The bomb was alleged to have been set by retired American armed forces officer Thomas Bernard Brigham, who claimed to have been protesting Pope John Paul II's visit to Canada.

Public transit connections

The main concourse inside Central Station

Metro



STM buses

STM regular routes
No. Route Name Route Map Schedule
36 Monk Map Schedule
61 Wellington Map Schedule
74 Bridge Map Schedule
75 de la Commune Map Schedule
107 Verdun (2 blocks west on boul.marker René Lévesque ouestmarker / rue Peelmarker) Map Schedule
150 René-Lévesque (on boul. René Lévesque ouest) Map Schedule
168 Cité du Havre Map Schedule
410 Express Notre-Dame (on boul. René-Lévesque ouest) Map Schedule
420 Express Notre-Dame-de-Grâce (on boul. René-Lévesque ouest) Map Schedule
430 Express Pointe-aux-trembles (on boul. René-Lévesque ouest) Map Schedule
480 Pointe-Nord-Île-des-Sœurs (University Streetmarker / de La Gauchetière Streetmarker
or on René Lévesque Boulevardmarker)
Map Schedule
515 Old Port/Old Montreal (on boul. René-Lévesque ouest) Map Schedule
535 Voie réservée Du Parc / Côte-des-Neiges (on boul. René-Lévesque ouest) Map Schedule
STM night routes
No. Route Name Route Map Schedule
358 Sainte-Catherine (on boul. René-Lévesque ouest) Map Schedule


AMT buses

Food court Les Halles de la gare


No. Route Name Route Map Schedule
935 Trainbus Blainville / Centreville (on boul.marker René-Lévesquemarker ouest) Map Afternoon schedule


Other connecting buses



Connecting facilities

Central Station is located adjacent to CN Headquarters and is an important link in the underground city, with tunnels to Place Ville-Marie, Place Bonaventuremarker, the Queen Elizabeth Hotelmarker, 1000 de La Gauchetièremarker and the Bonaventure metro stationmarker.

The station includes Les Halles de la Gare, a shopping and restaurant complex. It also contains two parking facilities, one of which is a multi-level facility that is located above the station. The Montreal Planetariummarker is located nearby.

References



External links




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