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Cephissus (Greek : Kifissós, Kēphissós, or Kêphissos) or Cephisus (Greek : Kēphîsos) is the name of several rivers in Greecemarker.

  • Cephissus , a river arising in Phocis and flowing through northern Boeotia into Lake Copais
  • Cephissus , a river in Atticamarker flowing through the Athenian plain
  • Cephissus (Eleusinian plain), a river of Atticamarker flowing through the Eleusinianmarker plain. Pausanias (1.38.4) claims it flows more violently than the other Cephissus of the Athenian plain
  • Cephissus (Argolis), a river of Argolismarker, tributary of the Inachus. According to Pausanias (2.15.5) the rivers Inachus, Cephissus, and Asterion judged between Poseidon and Hera as to who should own Argosmarker. They judged for Hera, whereupon Poseidon dried up the land so that the rivers that flow there provide little water, except after rain, and dry up in the summer
  • Cephissus (Salamis), a river in Salamis
  • Cephissus (Corinth), a former river which Pausanias (2.20.6) says was destroyed by Poseidon but which can still be heard flowing under the earth at a sanctuary to Cephissus in Corinthmarker

Cephissus was also a man changed into a sea monster by Apollo. He was the father of Melaina, Kleodora and Corycia, the Corycian nymphs. Names ending in the -ssos/-ttos suffix are thought to have Pre-Greek, or non-Indoeuropean, etymology, making it likely that the "Kēph-" root is related to rivers.

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