Cervia is a town and
comune (municipality) in the province of Ravenna (Emilia-Romagna), central Italy.
Originally called Ficocle
, it was probably of
origin and was located midway
from current Cervia and Ravenna. It is known that this originary
settlement was destroyed in 709 by patrician Theodore for its
alliance with Ravenna against the loyal Byzantines.
Later the centre was rebuilt in a more secure position, in the
. This medieval city grew
until it was provided with three fortified entrances, a Palaces of
Priors, seven churches and a castle (Rocca
according to the legend, was built by Emperor Frederick Barbarossa
. The name also
changed from Ficocle to Cervia, probably referring to the
, great amounts of salt left in the local
evaporation pods. After a long series of events, it became part
of the Papal
As the time passed, the salt pod turned into a marsh, and on
Pope Innocent XII
ordered it to be
rebuilt in a safer location. The new city had huge silos for
storage of salt, containing up to 13,000 tons.
Cervia is also mentioned in Dante
's Divine Comedy
Ravenna sta come stata è molt'anni:
l'aguglia da Polenta la si cova,
sì che Cervia ricuopra co' suoi vanni.
Ravenna is as it has been for many years
the da Polenta eagle makes its nest there,
Enclosing Cervia under its wings.
(Inferno, Canto XXVII, lines 40-42)
Nowadays Cervia is a very well known seaside resort
on the Adriatic Riviera
thanks to its 10 km
shore characterised by fine sandy beaches and excellent hotel and
- The Cathedral (Santa Maria Assunta), built in
- The Museum of Salt
- The Communal Palace
- St. Michael Tower
Notes and references