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Modern glasshouses contrast with 16th century stonework at the Château de Goulaine
The Château de Goulaine is a château of the Loire Valley located near Nantesmarker, Francemarker. This castle has been home to the family of the marquis de Goulaine for over a thousand years.. Château de Goulaine is also the estate-bottled wine produced at the château.

History

Arms of Goulaine, impaling England and France


In 930, when the Duchy of Brittany was independent, the first Goulaine, Jean de Goulaine, then leader of the city of Nantes, fortified the estate, which is still surrounded by marshes, to defend against attacks from Normans. The Goulaine were of the old nobility, recorded in the Seventh Crusade (1248). During the Wars of Religion, the Goulaine fought for the Catholic League: Gabriel, sieur de Goulaine, at the head of fifty lancers, and his brother Jean, baron du Faouët, took the châteaux of Trogoff (Plouescat) and of Kérouzéré (Sibiril) in 1590. Gabriel was attached to the Bourbon cause in being made a marquis by Henry IV of France. The Goulaine family ownership of the estate continued uninterrupted until 1788 when it was sold to a Dutch banker. This circumstance helped save the château from destruction during the French Revolution. In 1858, a member of the Goulaine family reacquired the estate and maintain it today.

Wines

While it is not clear exactly when the estate vineyard started producing wine for commercial use, rather than just family consumption, the millennium during which the estate of Château de Goulaine has been producing wine makes it the oldest known wine business still in existence. It is believed to be the third oldest commercial enterprise in the world. It is considered the oldest European family owned business. The castle estate is one of the last Châteaux de la Loiremarker to still be producing wine.

In addition to producing a Muscadet, Château de Goulaine also produces a Sancerre and Vouvray as well as what is believed to be the first commercial Chardonnay in the western Loire Valley. The estate also grows some Folle blanche.

Architecture of the château

Today the style of the château, under its high pitched slate roofs bears some comparison to the central Loire estates of Château de Bloismarker and Château de Chambordmarker, though Château de Goulaine was built much earlier and in a more conservative style.

Beurre blanc

According to one telling of the story, as favored by Americanmarker chef Bobby Flay, the white sauce beurre blanc was allegedly invented in the kitchen of Château de Goulaine by the head cuisinière, Madame Clémence Lefeuvre.

References

  1. F. Prial "A New Wine and Other Tricks From an Old Loire Vintner", Wine Talk, New York Times, November 5, 1997
  2. Château de Goulaine website.
  3. The Goulaine coat-of-arms, parting England and France, accompanied by the motto, "De cettuy-cy, de cettuy-là, j'accorde les couronnes,"— "Of this one and that I award the crowns"— is recorded in Pol Potier de Courcy, Nobiliaire et Armorial de Bretagne, who records that Jean de Goulaine, Captain of Nantes, was sent by Geoffroy, duke of Brittany, to arrange peace between Henry II of England and Philip Augustus of France in 1180, occasioning the arms and motto carried by the Goulaine since.
  4. Montifault, "Notice sur les seigneuries de Trogoff", Bulletin de la Société archéologique du Finistère vol. 1-2 (1873-74) p. 81 note 19.
  5. G. Harding A Wine Miscellany pg 13, Clarkson Potter Publishing, New York 2005 ISBN 0307346358
  6. BizAims " The 100 Oldest Companies in the World" March 7th, 2008
  7. Europe Intelligence Wire " The world's oldest family companies" Hull Daily Mail, January 10, 2007
  8. CBS News " Bobby Flay's New Year's Good Luck Dish" December 28th, 2006


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