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Chamber of deputies is the name given to a legislative body such as the lower house of a bicameral legislature, or can refer to a unicameral legislature.

Historically, France's "Chamber of Deputies" was the lower house of the French Parliament during the Bourbon Restoration, the July Monarchy, and the French Third Republic; the name is still informally used for the National Assembly under the nation's current Fifth Republic.

The term "chamber of deputies" — although it was used as the name of the lower house of parliament in Burmamarker, a former British colony — is not widely used by English-speaking countries, the more popular equivalent being "House of Representatives". It was also the official description of Dáil Éireann (the lower house of the Irishmarker parliament) during the period of the Irish Free State.

In Maltamarker, the House of Representatives is known, in Maltese, as "Kamra tad-Deputati" (although "Kamra tar-Rappreżentanti" has also been used). In Lebanonmarker, the literal Arabic name of that country's parliamentmarker is Majlis an-Nuwwab, or, "Chamber of Deputies" (although officially used French and English translations are "Assemblée Nationale" and "National Assembly", respectively).

A member of a "chamber of deputies" is generally called a "deputy", the definition of which is similar to that of "congressperson" or "member of parliament". The term "deputy" may be used to refer to any member of a legislative body or chamber; this usage is particularly common in those French- and Spanish-speaking countries whose parliaments or legislative chambers refer to themselves as "national assemblies"; the term is also used by Portugalmarker's Assembly of the Republic, and often in Irelandmarker as a form of address when referring to members of Dáil Éireann.

References

Lower house in bicameral legislature

In the following countries, the Chamber of Deputies is the name of the lower house of the bicameral legislature.

Country Article Local name(s)
Argentinamarker Chamber of Deputies of Argentina Cámara de Diputados
Bahrainmarker Chamber of Deputies of Bahrain Majlis an Nuwab
Boliviamarker Chamber of Deputies of Bolivia Cámara de Diputados
Brazilmarker Chamber of Deputies of Brazil Câmara dos Deputados
Chilemarker Chamber of Deputies of Chile Cámara de Diputados
Czech Republicmarker Chamber of Deputies of the Czech Republic Poslanecká sněmovna
Dominican Republicmarker Chamber of Deputies of the Dominican Republic Cámara de Diputados
Haitimarker Chamber of Deputies of Haiti Chambre des Députés
Italymarker Chamber of Deputies of Italy Camera dei Deputati
Jordanmarker Chamber of Deputies of Jordan Majlis al-Nuwaab
Mexicomarker Chamber of Deputies of Mexico Cámara de Diputados
Paraguaymarker Chamber of Deputies of Paraguay Cámara de Diputados
Romaniamarker Chamber of Deputies of Romania Camera Deputaţilor
Rwandamarker Chamber of Deputies of Rwanda Umutwe w'Abadepite
Chambre des Députés
Chamber of Deputies

Spainmarker Congress of Deputies of Spain Congreso de los Diputados


Unicameral legislatures

In the following countries, 'Chamber of Deputies' is the name given to the unicameral parliaments :

Country Article Local Name
Lebanonmarker Parliament of Lebanonmarker Assemblée Nationale (National Assembly) / مجلس نواب (Majles Nuweb)
Luxembourgmarker Chamber of Deputies of Luxembourg Chambre des députés (French) / D'Chamber (Luxembourgish)
Tunisiamarker Chamber of Deputies of Tunisia Majlis al-Nuwaab


Defunct Chambers of Deputies



1. Legislature disbanded

2. New constitution, unicameral system adopted

See also




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