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Chana Orloff (1888-1968) was a Jewish figurative sculptor who was born in Ukrainemarker. She and her family immigrated to the British Mandate of Palestine in 1905. She found a job as a cutter and seamstress in Jaffamarker, where she joined Hapoel Hatzair (The Young Worker), and assisted other recent immigrants.

After five years in Israel, she was offered a job teaching cutting and dressmaking at a Herzliyah High School and was helped by her brother to go to Paris to study fashion. Soon after arriving in Paris, she decided to study art instead, and enrolled in sculpture classes at the Académie Russe in Montparnassemarker.

She became friendly with other young Jewish artists including Marc Chagall, Jacques Lipchitz, Amedeo Modigliani, Pascin, Chaim Soutine, and Ossip Zadkine, and in 1913, Orloff exhibited in the Salon d'Automne.

In 1916, Orloff married Ary Justman, a Warsaw-born writer and poet. The couple had a son, but Ary died of influenza in the epidemic of 1919.

When the Nazis invaded Paris, Orloff fled to Switzerland with her son and the Jewish painter Georges Kars. In 1945, Kars committed suicide, and Orloff returned to Paris with her son, to find that her house had been ransacked and the sculptures in her studio destroyed.

Following Israel’s independence, Orloff began spending an increasing amount of time there. The Tel Aviv Museum of Artmarker held an exhibition of 37 of her sculptures in 1949. She remained in Israel for about a year in order to complete a sculpture of David Ben-Gurion, The Hero Monument to the defenders of Ein Gevmarker and The Motherhood Monument in memory of Chana Tuckman who died during the Israeli War of Independence.

Chana Orloff died in Israel on December 16, 1968.

In addition to monuments, Orloff sculpted portraits of Israeli Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion and future Prime Minister Levi Eshkol; the architects Pierre Chareau, and Auguste Perret; painters Henri Matisse, Amedeo Modigliani, Pablo Picasso, and Per Krohg; and the poets Hayyim Nahman Bialik, and Pierre Mac Orlan.

References

  • Kikoïne, Yankel, Chana Orloff, Paris, Musée Bourdelle, 1988, ISBN 2901784127.
  • Musée Rodin, Chana Orloff; sculptures et dessins, Paris, Musée Rodin, 1971,
  • Richard de la Fuente, Véronique, Dada à Barcelone, 1914-1918: Chronique de l'avant-garde artistique parisienne en exil en Catalogne pendant la grande guerre: Francis Picabia, Manolo Hugue, Serge Charchoune, Marie Laurencin, Olga Sacharoff, Franck Burty, Chana Orloff, Albert Gleizes, Kees Van Dongen, Arthur Cravan, Otto Lloyd, Pau Gargallo, S et R Delaunay, Céret, Albères, 2001, ISBN 2951719604.
  • The Tel-Aviv Museum, Chana Orloff: Exposition Retrospective, 120 Sculptures, 60 Designs, Tel-Aviv Museum, 1969.



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