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The Charlie I class submarine is a Cruise missile submarine. The Charlie I class submarine (Project 670 Skat) SSGN was first launched at the inland shipyard at Gorkiymarker in 1967 with another 10 following over a period of 5 years. The Charlie I's had two banks of four missile tubes angled upwards on each side of the bow outside the pressure hull.

The tubes were covered by large outer doors and the design was to incorporate the P-120 Malakhit (SS-N-9 Siren) medium range anti ship missile. But due to delays in the missile development, the missile was substituted with the short range P-70 Ametist (SS-N-7 Starbright) submerged launch missile which itself was a development of the P-15 Termit (SS-N-2 Styx) surface launced missile. The purpose of the missiles was to be used for pop up surprise attacks on high value surface targets such as an aircraft carrier.

In 1972 to 1979, six improved units called the Project 670M SKAT-M (Charlie II class) were built. The improved Charlie II's were built at Gorkiymarker with and 8m (26ft 3in) insertion in the hull forward of the fin to incorporate electronics and launch systems for targeting and firing of the long range P-120 Malakhit anti ship missile.

The Charlie class was conceived for a mass production vessel which probably prompted the use of only one pressurized water cooled reactor and a five bladed propellor as the main propulsion instead of the ordinary two reactors and propellors. This meant that the Charlie class lacked speed which meant that they could not operate with high speed surface groups.

A Charlie III class was thought to have been built to fire the P-80 Zubr (SS-N-22 Sunburn) anti ship missile but this was not the case.

The Charlie I's and II's had to return to port for reload once they had expended their payloads although the secondary armament of torpedoes and sonar systems meant that they provided useful anti ship and ASW capabilities.

The last boat was retired in 1994 but one boat was leased to Indiamarker between 1988 and 1991 mainly for Indiamarker to gain experience in the operations of a nuclear submarine.

Ships

  • 11 Project 670 (Charlie I) submarines were built between 1968 and 1973, K-43 was leased to the Indian Navy as the Chakra from 1988 to 1992, K-429 sank near Petropavlovsk Kamchatsky in 1983 with 16 fatalities, but was raised and used as a harbour training hulk
  • 6 Project 670M (Charlie II) submarines were built between 1973 and 1980
All ships were scrapped between 1990 and 1994

Charlie I class — significant dates
# Shipyard Laid down Launched Commissioned Fleet Status
K-87 from January 15, 1978 K-212 Gorkiy February 6, 1965 March 20, 1968 December 28, 1968 Pacific Decommissioned April 19, 1990 for scrapping
K-25 Gorkiy December 2, 1965 July 31, 1968 December 30, 1968 Pacific Decommissioned June 24, 1991 for scrapping
K-325 Gorkiy September 6, 1969 June 4, 1971 November 5, 1971 Pacific Decommissioned June 24, 1991 for scrapping
K-429 Gorkiy January 26, 1971 April 22, 1972 September 15, 1972 Pacific Decommissioned for scrapping
K-43 leased to India as Chakra Gorkiy May 9, 1964 August 2, 1966 November 5, 1967 Pacific Decommissioned July 30, 1992 for scrapping
K-121 Gorkiy November 25, 1966 April 29, 1969 October 31, 1969 Pacific Decommissioned June 30, 1992 for scrappping
K-313 Gorkiy July 14, 1966 July 16, 1969 December 16, 1969 Pacific Decommissioned April 19, 1990 for scrapping
K-308 Gorkiy December 29, 1967 February 19, 1970 September 20, 1970 Pacific Decommissioned July 30, 1992 for scrapping
K-320 Gorkiy April 30, 1968 March 27, 1971 September 15, 1971 Pacific Decommissioned April 19, 1990 for scrapping
K-302 Gorkiy January 17, 1969 July 11, 1970 December 1, 1970 Pacific Decommissioned June 30, 1992 for scrapping
K-201 Gorkiy November 16, 1971 September 1972 December 26, 1972 Pacific Decommissioned April 19, 1990 for scrapping
Charlie II class — significant dates
# Shipyard Laid down Launched Commissioned Fleet Status
K-458 Gorkiy February 12, 1974 June 30, 1975 December 29, 1975 Northern Decommissioned June 24, 1991 for scrapping
K-452 Gorkiy December 30, 1972 June 1973 December 30, 1973 Northern Decommissioned May 30, 1998 for scrapping
K-479 Gorkiy December 20, 1975 May 6, 1977 September 30, 1977 Northern Decommissioned July 5, 1992 for scrapping
K-503 Gorkiy February 7, 1977 September 22, 1978 December 31, 1978 Northern Decommissioned June 30, 1993 for scrapping
K-508 Gorkiy December 10, 1977 October 3, 1979 December 30, 1979 Northern Decommissioned August 4, 1995 for scrapping
K-209 Gorkiy December 20, 1979 September 16, 1980 December 30, 1980 Northern Decommissioned 1996 for scrapping


References

  1. Podvodnye Lodki, Yu.V. Apalkov, Sankt Peterburg, 2002, ISBN 5-8172-0069-4
  2. Podvodnye Lodki, Yu.V. Apalkov, Sankt Peterburg, 2002, ISBN 5-8172-0069-4
  3. Podvodnye Lodki, Yu.V. Apalkov, Sankt Peterburg, 2002, ISBN 5-8172-0069-4
  4. Podvodnye Lodki, Yu.V. Apalkov, Sankt Peterburg, 2002, ISBN 5-8172-0069-4
  5. Podvodnye Lodki, Yu.V. Apalkov, Sankt Peterburg, 2002, ISBN 5-8172-0069-4
  6. Podvodnye Lodki, Yu.V. Apalkov, Sankt Peterburg, 2002, ISBN 5-8172-0069-4
  7. Podvodnye Lodki, Yu.V. Apalkov, Sankt Peterburg, 2002, ISBN 5-8172-0069-4
  8. Podvodnye Lodki, Yu.V. Apalkov, Sankt Peterburg, 2002, ISBN 5-8172-0069-4
  9. Podvodnye Lodki, Yu.V. Apalkov, Sankt Peterburg, 2002, ISBN 5-8172-0069-4
  10. Podvodnye Lodki, Yu.V. Apalkov, Sankt Peterburg, 2002, ISBN 5-8172-0069-4
  11. Podvodnye Lodki, Yu.V. Apalkov, Sankt Peterburg, 2002, ISBN 5-8172-0069-4
  12. Podvodnye Lodki, Yu.V. Apalkov, Sankt Peterburg, 2002, ISBN 5-8172-0069-4
  13. Podvodnye Lodki, Yu.V. Apalkov, Sankt Peterburg, 2002, ISBN 5-8172-0069-4
  14. Podvodnye Lodki, Yu.V. Apalkov, Sankt Peterburg, 2002, ISBN 5-8172-0069-4
  15. Podvodnye Lodki, Yu.V. Apalkov, Sankt Peterburg, 2002, ISBN 5-8172-0069-4
  16. Podvodnye Lodki, Yu.V. Apalkov, Sankt Peterburg, 2002, ISBN 5-8172-0069-4
  17. Podvodnye Lodki, Yu.V. Apalkov, Sankt Peterburg, 2002, ISBN 5-8172-0069-4



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