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The Charter for the Kingdom of the Netherlands (in Dutch: Statuut voor het Koninkrijk der Nederlanden; in Papiamentu: Statuut pa e Reino di Hulanda) describes the political relationship between the three different countries that form the Kingdom of the Netherlands: the Netherlandsmarker in Europe and the Netherlands Antillesmarker and Arubamarker in the Caribbeanmarker. It is the leading legal document of the Kingdom. The Constitution for the Kingdom of the Netherlands and the Basic Laws of the two other countries are legally subjected to the Charter.

Countries

The three countries mentioned in the Charter are the Netherlandsmarker, Arubamarker, and the Netherlands Antillesmarker. The Charter stipulates that the Netherlandsmarker is governed according to the provisions of the Constitution for the Kingdom of the Netherlands and that Arubamarker and the Netherlands Antillesmarker are governed according to their respective Basic Laws.

Constitution

Until 1954 the Constitution for the Kingdom of the Netherlands was the leading document of the Kingdom. It remains however the document in which, according to art. 5 of the Charter, the institutions of the Kingdom, as mentioned in the Charter, are regulated. These institution, as regulated in the Constitution for the Kingdom of the Netherlands govern the Netherlandsmarker proper. The Charter itself gives additional regulations for these institutions for the purposes of the Kingdom as a whole. The Netherlandsmarker is the only of the three countries that conducts its business internally and externally as the Kingdom of the Netherlands.

Affairs of the Kingdom

The Charter states explicitly which elements of lawmaking and policy that involve Arubamarker and / or the Netherlands Antillesmarker, are to be dealt with on the level of the Kingdom as a whole and are thus valid for all three countries. Any matter not explicitly mentioned to be an affair of the Kingdom that involves Arubamarker and / or the Netherlands Antillesmarker, is considered to be an affair of the different countries.

Affairs of the Kingdom that do not involve Arubamarker and / or the Netherlands Antillesmarker are dealt with according to the provisions of the Constitution for the Kingdom of the Netherlands. In practice by the Netherlandsmarker alone, in its capacity as the Kingdom of the Netherlands.

Responsibility for affairs of the Kingdom that involve Arubamarker and / or the Netherlands Antillesmarker rests with the Council of Ministers of the Kingdom. The affairs of the Kingdom are:



Other provisions

In addition, the Charter contains provisions on mutual assistance and co-operation between the three countries. All three countries are, per the Charter, obliged to promote the realisation of human rights and good governance. The Charter can only be amended with the approval of all three countries.

Future status

The Netherlands Antilles is to be disbanded on October 10, 2010.The idea of the Netherlands Antilles as a state never enjoyed the full support of all of the islands, and political relations between islands were often strained. Aruba seceded from the Netherlands Antilles in 1986. The desire for secession has also been strong in Sint Maartenmarker.

See also



References






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