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A view of Chandrabhagha River through Pangi valley in Himachal Pradesh
The Chenab River ( , , , , , literally: 'Moon(Chan) چنRiver(aab)' آب) is formed by the confluence of the Chandramarker and Bhaga rivers at Tandi located in the upper Himalayas in the Lahul and Spiti District of Himachal Pradeshmarker, India. In its upper reaches it is also known as the . It flows through the Jammu region of Jammu and Kashmirmarker into the plains of the Punjab, forming the boundary between the Rechna and Jech interfluves (Doabs in Persian). It is joined by the Jhelum Rivermarker at Trimmu تریمو and then by the Ravi Rivermarker Ahmedpur Sialmarker احمدپور سیال. It then merges with the Sutlej Rivermarker near Uch Sharifmarker, Pakistanmarker to form the Panjnad or the 'Five Rivers', the fifth being the Beas River which joins the Satlujmarker near Ferozepurmarker, India. The Chenab then joins the Indusmarker at Mithankotmarker, Pakistanmarker. The total length of the Chenab is approximately 960 kilometres. The waters of the Chenab are allocated to Pakistanmarker under the terms of the Indus Waters Treaty.

History

The river was known to Indians in the Vedic period as ( ), also ( ) or ( ) and as to the Ancient Greeks. In 325 BC, Alexander the Great allegedly founded the town of Alexandria on the Indus (present day Uch Sharifmarker or Mithankotmarker or Chacharan in Pakistanmarker) at the confluence of the Indus and the combined stream of Punjab rivers (currently known as the Panjnad Rivermarker).

The Chenab has the same place in the consciousness of the people of the Punjab as, say, the Rhine holds for the Germans, or the Danube for the Austrians and the Hungarians. It is the iconic river around which Punjabi consciousness revolves, and plays a prominent part in the tale of Heer Ranjha, the Punjabi national epic and the legend of Sohni Mahiwal.

This river has been in the news of late due to the steps taken by the Indian government to build a number of hydropower dams along its length (in Indiamarker) most notably the Baglihar hydel power project(expected time of completion 2008). This is a result of the Indus Basin Project. These planned projects on Chenab have been hotly contested by Pakistan which says that India is breaking the terms and clauses of the Indus water treaty by storing and channelling the waters of this river, a claim totally rejected by the Indian government.

Bridges

Chenab is tributary to Indus river
The river is crossed in Jammu and Kashmirmarker by the world's highest railway bridge.

See also

Marala Headworks

  • 'THE POINT WHERE RIVER CHENAB & RAVI MEET': River Chanab does not meet River Ravi at Ahmed Pur Sial. Ahmedpur Sial is more than 100 km away from the point where both these rivers meet. The Village Sardar Pur of Tehsil Kabir wala of District Khanewal is the nearest valley of that point. It is nearly forty Kilometers (in the North East)away from the historic city of Multan.


Notes

  1. Encyclopædia Britannica article on the Chenab
  2. Alexandria (Uch)


References

  • http://www.travel-himalayas.com/rivers-himalayas/chandra-chenab-river.html



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