(Cheonan-si) is a city located in the
northeast corner of South Chungcheong, a province of South Korea, and is 83.6 km south of the capital, Seoul.
The city is flanked to the east by the Charyeong Mountains, and
spills out over plains and rolling hills to the west. Some of the
mountains in the city's vicinity include Malloesan (611m),
Seonggeosan (579m), Taejosan (422m), Gwangdeoksan (699m), and
Manggyeongsan (600m). The city itself is generally flat, with only
a few areas, such as Anseon-dong, that are built up on hilly
east of the city are the counties of Jincheon and Cheongwon in Chungcheongbuk-do, to the north are the cities of Anseong and Pyeongtaek in Gyeonggi-do, to the south is the county of Yeongi and the city
of Gongju, and to the west is the city of
climate is similar to that of Daejeon.
average temperature in January is -3.0 degrees Celsius, the average
temperature in August is +25.0 degrees Celsius, and the average
yearly temperature is +11.8 degrees Celsius. The average yearly
precipitation is about 1,312.5 mm.
- City Tree : Weeping willow
- City Flower : Golden bell flower
- City Bird : Dove
- City Animal : Dragon
The city has been designated the high tech headquarters for Korea.
A number of colleges and universities are located there, including:
Joabulsang bronzed Buddha.
The Independence Hall of
is a visual history of the struggle for independence in
Korea. Opened on August 15, 1987 and made possible by private
donations, it is a meant both as a reminder of Korea’s colonial
past and as a means of building nationalist spirit. The hall stands
on 980 acres of landscaped grounds. As well as the exhibits,
visitors can see the Grand Hall of the Nation, the Monument to the
Nation, and the Unification Bell.
Cheonan’s Postal Museum displays postal artifacts and material
dating back to 1884, when the first postal services began. The
entire history of the Korean postal service in on display, complete
with photographs and letter carrying paraphernalia. The museum was not
constructed here, but rather moved from Seoul in February
2004 to its current home in the Ministry of Information and
Communication Officials Training Institute in Cheonan.
Gagwonsa Buddhist temple is located on Mt. Taejosan. The temple has
a bronze sitting Buddha
, one of the largest.
The Buddha is 15m high, 30m in circumference, and weighs over 60
tonnes. The Buddha sits with the peak of Mt. Taejosan directly
behind it, and faces west out over the city and valley. Worshippers
and tourists alike climb the steep stairs from the base of the
Samgeori park has been a strategic point of transportation and a
place where culture has spread for a long time. The Samnamdaero,
which starts in Seoul, parts here. One branch of the road leads to
region. The other branch leads
to the Honam
Haneulgeori is a resting area for the animal residents of Cheonan
Samgeori Park, and it provides scenery for visitors with its willow
trees and small pond.
Taejosan Park is located at Mt. Taejosan. The park covers an area
of over 327,000 square meters. Visitors there may find a sculpture
park, six camp sites, a grass field, tennis courts, and an outdoor
performance area. There are many facilities for youths and
families, and residents use the area for rest and relaxation. For
hikers and day-walkers, there is also a very extensive trail
network. The park also encompasses the Joabulsang Bronze Buddha
statue and the Gagwonsa Buddhist Temple.
Arario Gallery is a 2006 addition to a revitalized Shinbu-dong
area, which has become the central business district of Cheonan.
The gallery itself showcases contemporary art from Korean and
international artists. Organic works, including those painted with
raw materials or organic substances (like fruit and vegetables) are
the norm. The gallery’s stated mission is to provide a special
place for people of all ages and background to easily view and
learn about art. There is also an installation of Damien Hirst
's “Hymn” in a glass box
constructed as a part of the building.
World Cup supporters 2006.
The city is home to two soccer clubs: Cheonan City FC
of the National League
and Cheonan FC
of the K3
. Both play at the grand sporting complex in
Buldang-dong, which is also open to the public for running, soccer,
ultimate, and field sports. There are basketball courts, especially
in the Ssangyong-dong area, as well as public tennis courts, and
plenty of driving ranges for golf enthusiasts.
Cheonan is known for small walnut-shaped and flavored cakes, or
(호두과자), which are produced in the area.
common when leaving from or passing through Cheonan
Station by train to see many merchants selling
Cheonan is also known for several agricultural products including
grapes and ya pears
Cheonan's most well-known festival is Heungtaryeong Festival(흥타령
축제). 흥 means pleasure and joy in the Korean language and usually
refers to Korean music.
dancing festival is the essence of the events from B-boy to
traditional dances from India, Africa, Australia, Ukraine.
teams also participate in the festival from 17 other nations such
as China and Japan.
The festival started in 2003 and it got the position of "prepared"
and "promising" in 2006 and 2007, respectively. As of Dec 26th of
2007, the festival was promoted to the degree of "excellent
festival" or "천안 흥타령축제 우수축제 승격."
Lane in Shinbudong by night.
To mark the historic April 1 Independence Movement, led by Yu Gwansun
, each year a re-enactment of
independence protests is staged at Aunae Marketplace. The real
movement began with the lighting of 24 beacons at Mt. Maebongsan
and other mountains on March 31, 1919. The following day, 3,000
people gathered at Aunae Marketplace and protested for
independence. Japanese security forces arrived and 19 people were
shot dead on the spot, including Yu Gwansun’s parents, with dozens
more injured. These days people gather peacefully together in
rememberance. Then a torch parade, symbolizing the lit beacons,
slowly creeps from Aunae Market place through Byeongcheon and on to
the Yu Gwansun Memorial.
On the 8th day of the 4th month of the Lunar Calendar
each year, Buddhists celebrate
the first coming of Buddha. In Cheonan, local temples decorate
their buildings and grounds with illuminated paper lanterns, and
much of the city centre is closed to traffic for a parade followed
by musical acts and a traditional drumming show. Koreans often
dress in their Hanboks
, a traditional Korean
costume, and spend the day with friends and family wandering
through the pedestrian-friendly streets and lanes on the city
Cheonan Bus Terminal
The city is very well-connected to Seoul by road and by train.
Notably, the KTX high speed railway serves Cheonan. Cheonan is also
served by Seoul Subway Line 1, which began running between Seoul
The local economy is fuelled to a great extent by tech sector
companies in the area . Large national corporations such as
, LG Group
and several technology companies all have operations in Cheonan.
The large number of universities also contributes to an influx of
spending, as students from around Korea flock here for eight months
of the year .
Administrative districts and divisions
Cheonan is divided into 2 gu
, and 16 administrative
(subdivided into 30 distinct legal dong
and 8 myeon
- Mokcheon-eup (목천읍)
- Pungse-myeon (풍세면)
- Gwangdeok-myeon (광덕면)
- Buk-myeon (북면)
- Seongnam-myeon (성남면)
- Susin-myeon (수신면)
- Byeongcheon-myeon (병천면)
- Dong-myeon (동면)
- Jungang-dong (중앙동) (4 legal dong)
- Munseok-dong (문성동) (2 legal dong)
- Weonseong-1-dong (원성1동) (2 legal dong)
- Weonseong-2-dong (원성2동)
- Bongmyeong-dong (봉명동) (2 legal dong)
- Ilbong-dong (일봉동) (2 legal dong)
- Sinbang-dong (신방동) (2 legal dong)
- Cheonglyong-dong (청룡동) (5 legal dong)
- Sinan-dong (신안동) (2 legal dong)
- Seonghwan-eup (성환읍)
- Seonggeo-eup (성거읍)
- Jiksan-eup (직산읍)
- Ipjang-myeon (입장면)
- Seongjeong-1-dong (성정1동) (2 legal dong)
- Seongjeong-2-dong (성정2동)
- Ssangyong-1-dong (쌍용1동)
- Ssangyong-2-dong (쌍용2동)
- Ssangyong-3-dong (쌍용3동)
- Baekseok-dong (백석동) (2 legal dong)
- Buseong-dong (부성동) (6 legal dong)
Even with scores of Korean students graduating from the many tech
programs at local universities, the demand for tech sector
employees is still very high, and much of that demand is filled by
foreign employees. The city is now home to a large foreign
population, which has tripled over the past 5 years. There are more
than 9000 foreigners residing in the Cheonan area.
- Cheonan official page
website of Independence Hall of Korea
- Arario Gallery Website, English and Korean
- Chungnam Province Official Website
- Passion for dancing - United Globe(춤에 대한 열정… 하나된 지구촌) 대전일보
- Yeonhap News 2007-12-26 Retrieved on 2008-01-26
- Korea.net news article, May 19, 2008
- Beaverton Sister Cities Foundation - Cheonan,