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Chernihiv Oblast ( , translit. Chernihivs’ka oblast’; also referred to as Chernihivshchyna - ) is an oblast (province) of northern Ukrainemarker. The administrative center of the oblast is the city of Chernihivmarker.

Geography

The total area of the province is around 31,900 km².

The oblast is bordered on the west by the Kiev Reservoirmarker of the Dnieper River and Kiev Oblastmarker, by the Sumy Oblastmarker to the east, and the Poltava Oblastmarker to the south. The northern border of the oblast is part of Ukraine's international border abutting Belarusmarker's Homyel Voblast in the north-west and the Russianmarker Bryansk Oblastmarker in the north-east, respectively.

The oblast is bisected into northern and southern sections by the Desna River, which enters the Dnieper just north of the Kyivmarker city limits.

History

The Chernihiv Oblast was created as part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic on October 15, 1932.

The capital city of Chernihiv has known human settlement for over 2,000 years, according to archaeological excavations. The Chernihiv Oblast comprises a very important historical region, notable as early as the Kievan Rus' period, when the cities of Chernihiv and Novhorod-Siverskyi were frequently mentioned. The city of Chernihiv was the second most important Ukrainianmarker city during the Rus' period of Ukrainian history, often serving as a major regional capital. Danylo of Chernihiv wrote of his pilgrimage to Jerusalemmarker during this era. The numerous architectural monuments of the city bear witness to the invasions suffered, including those by the Tatars/Mongols, Lithuaniansmarker, Polesmarker, Russiansmarker, and Nazis.

The oblast is located in the historic region of Polesia ( , translit. Polissia).

Administrative Subdivisions

The following data incorporates the number of each type of administrative divisions of the Chernihiv Oblast:

  • Administrative Center - 1 (Chernihivmarker)
  • Raions — 22;
  • City raions — 3 (including the Oblast's administrative center);
  • Settlements — 1534, including:
    • Villages — 1489;
    • Cities/Towns — 45, including:
      • Urban-type settlement — 30;
      • Cities — 15, including:
        • Cities of oblast' subordinance — 3;
        • Cities of raion subordinance — 12;
  • Selsovets — 525.


The local administration of the oblast' is controlled by the Chernihiv Oblast Rada. The governor of the oblast' is the Chernihiv Oblast Rada speaker, appointed by the President of Ukraine.

Detailed map of Chernihiv Oblast.


Important cities

Important cities and historical settlements of the Chernihiv Oblast include:



Raions

The raions (districts) of the Chernihiv Oblast include:



The Slavutychmarker municipality is located in Chernihiv Oblast on the eastern bank of the Dnieper, but officially belongs to Kiev Oblastmarker (being an administrative exclave).

Demographics

The current estimated population of the oblast is around 1,156,609 (as of 2006).

The population of the oblast is predominantly Ukrainian, with minority Belarusian and Russian populations concentrated in the northern districts.

The province has experienced long-term population decline. The population has fallen 23% from the 1959 figure of 1,554,000, the steepest decline of any Ukrainian oblast. It has the lowest population density in the country.

Economy

Industry

The economy of the Chernihiv Oblast mostly deals with petroleum and natural gas extraction, transport, machinery, tobacco and textile industry. A major tobacco factory is situated in Prylukymarker. Cities of Bakhmachmarker and Nizhynmarker are the important railway junctions on the route from Russiamarker and Belarusmarker to South-Eastern Europe. There are notable machinery and electronics industries in Chernihivmarker. Chernihiv also has a beer brewery producing beer under the name "Chernihivske".

Religion

The religion among believers in the oblast is overwhelmingly Eastern Orthodox. A substantial percentage of the population is atheist. Small minorities of Ukrainian Catholics, Roman Catholics (including the descendants of earlier Polish colonists), and recent converts to Protestantism are also present.

Culture and tourist attractions

There are few outstanding historical Orthodox churches and buildings in Chernihivmarker, Novhorod-Siverskyimarker, Liubechmarker, Nizhynmarker (Nezhyn) and Koselets'marker (an city of Ancient Rus', older than Kyivmarker). Nizhynmarker is a historical Kozak city and home to a university.

Nomenclature

Most of Ukraine's oblasts are named after their capital cities, officially referred to as "oblast centers" ( , translit. oblasnyi tsentr). The name of each oblast is a relative adjective, formed by adding a feminine suffix to the name of respective center city: Chernihiv is the center of the Chernihivs’ka oblast’ (Chernihiv Oblast). Most oblasts are also sometimes referred to in a feminine noun form, following the convention of traditional regional place names, ending with the suffix "-shchyna", as is the case with the Chernihiv Oblast, Chernihivshchyna.

See also



References

  • Kardash, Peter. Ukraine and Ukrainians. Ed. Peter Lockwood. Melbourne: Fortuna Publishers, 1988.
  • (1972) Icтopia мicт i ciл Укpaїнcькoї CCP - Чернiгiвськa область (History of Towns and Villages of the Ukrainian SSR - Chernihiv Oblast), Kyiv.
  • Information Card of the Region - Official site of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine


External links




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