Chesterfield is a town in Cheshire
Hampshire, United States.
The population was 3,542 at the 2000
includes the village of Spofford.
Chesterfield is home to Chesterfield Gorge
Natural Area, and parts of Pisgah
and Wantastiquet Mountain State Forest.
1735 by Colonial Governor Jonathan Belcher of
Massachusetts, this town was the site of "Fort Number 1," first
in the line of forts bordering the Connecticut River. After New Hampshire became a separate province, the town would be
incorporated in 1752 by Governor Benning Wentworth as "Chesterfield," named
Stanhope, 4th Earl of
Street Scene c.
The town contains some of the finest
farmland in Cheshire County, yet once was home to small
manufacturing, notably spinning wheel
parts and handtools.
In 1772, Philip Embury conducted the first Methodist
religious services in New Hampshire at
the James Robertson farm in Chesterfield, and in 1803, Francis Asbury
preached here. Asbury Church is listed on the National Register of
Historic Places and is recognized for its historic puritan design.
Asbury Church is considered
the "Mother Church of Methodism" in New Hampshire, and is the
oldest Methodist church in New Hampshire. The town has had
continual Methodist Sunday services for over 225 years.
Chesterfield Academy, established in 1794, was for decades one of
the most celebrated in the state. Spofford Lake is one of the region's largest and oldest
Chesterfield is the birthplace of former Chief Justice Harlan Fiske Stone
, born in 1872.
According to the United
States Census Bureau
, the town has a total area of , of which
is land and (4.21%) is water. Chesterfield is bounded on the west
by the Connecticut River
highest point in the town is near its southern border, atop Davis
Hill, at above sea level
lies fully within the Connecticut
Pine Grove Springs Hotel,
Spofford Lake, c.
As of the census
of 2000, there were 3,542
people, 1,366 households, and 1,005 families residing in the town.
The population density
people per square mile (30.0/km²). There were 1,632 housing units
at an average density of 35.8/sq mi (13.8/km²). The racial
makeup of the town was 97.80% White
, 0.23% African American
, 0.08% from other races
, and 1.16% from two
or more races. Hispanic
of any race were 0.56%
of the population.
There were 1,366 households out of which 32.7% had children under
the age of 18 living with them, 63.5% were married couples
living together, 6.9% had a female
householder with no husband present, and 26.4% were non-families.
20.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.6% had
someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average
household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.01.
Old Cabin Home & Fairview
Cottage, Spofford Lake, in 1917
In the town the population was spread out with 25.9% under the age
of 18, 4.9% from 18 to 24, 27.9% from 25 to 44, 30.4% from 45 to
64, and 10.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was
40 years. For every 100 females there were 103.8 males. For every
100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.2 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $51,351, and the
median income for a family was $58,516. Males had a median income
of $44,087 versus $26,547 for females. The per capita income
for the town was
$25,051. About 4.9% of families and 4.5% of the population were
below the poverty line
, including 4.5%
of those under age 18 and 6.4% of those age 65 or over.
Sites of interest