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The Chi Phi (ΧΦ) Fraternity is an American college social fraternity that was established as the result of three separate organizations that each were known as Chi Phi. The oldest active organization that took part in the union was originally founded in 1824 at Princeton. Today, Chi Phi has over 43,500 living alumni members from over 100 active and inactive Chapters.

Early history

Chi Phi Society

On Christmas Eve, 1824, at the College of New Jersey, which would later become Princeton Universitymarker, a small group of faculty and students led by Robert Baird founded a secret fraternity called Chi Phi, dedicated to its members' spiritual life and personal holiness. In February 1825, they merged with the Philadelphian Society. The Society had exclusive membership requirements and very strict codes of behavior; students had to testify to a personal experience of conversion and be unanimously elected. The Philadelphian Society remained active through 1930.

Chi Phi Society Founders



The Princeton Order

Records of the original Chi Phi Society were discovered in 1854 by John Maclean, Jr. of the class of 1858. Maclean found the records in his uncle's (also named John Maclean, Jr.) paperwork, who happened to be president of the college at that time. Maclean joined with students Charles Smith DeGraw and Gustavus W. Mayer to form a new Chi Phi Fraternity that was based on some records of the original society but also with many characteristics that differed from the original society. While the Chi Phi Fraternity of today was actually founded in 1854, the members place great emphasis on the 1824 date because of many aspects that were carried over from the original records discovered in 1854. The names of the founders of the original society of 1824 were not even known to the 1854 founders; however, they were later discovered and published in the book "Princeton" by V.L. Collins in 1914. The Chi Phi Fraternity founded by Maclean was also short-lived. The group existed sub rosa only until 1859 when it was abandoned completely. However, before the Princeton chapter died off, it was able to successfully establish a second chapter at Franklin and Marshall Collegemarker in Lancaster, Pennsylvaniamarker in 1854. The chapter at Franklin and Marshall in turn planted a chapter at Gettysburg Collegemarker in Gettysburg, Pennsylvaniamarker.

The Southern Order

The second Chi Phi Fraternity was founded at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hillmarker on August 21, 1858 by five undergraduate students. Chi Phi Fraternity of the South was very successful and planted several chapters prior to the outbreak of the Civil War. All but the UNC chapter suspended operations as a result of the Civil War.

Southern Order Founders

  • Rev. Augustus Moore Flythe - Class of 1859
  • Capt. Thomas Capehart, CSA - Class of 1861 Served as a Lieutenant in the Bethel Regiment, North Carolina Infantry first enlisted volunteers commanded by Col. D.H. Hill, afterwards a General in the CSA. He then became a Captain in the 3rd Battalion North Carolina Light Artillery in 1862. After the Seven Days fight, this organization disbanded on account of scarcity of horses and equipment and he was commissioned as a Captain in Wynn's Cavalry, organized in 1864 for State defense remaining as such until the surrender. He lived the remainder of his life as a wealthy planter in Kittrell, N.C.
  • John Calhoun Tucker - Class of 1861 Served as Private in Co. I, 39th Mississippi Infantry and died in service on December 28, 1862 at the age of 23. At the surrender, only seven of his company were reported in service.
  • William Harrison Greene - Class of 1862 Served as a Lieutenant in the 5th Alabama Regiment and was wounded in the leg at Sharpsburg, Antietam, Maryland in 1862. He became a gentleman farmer at Wayside, Mississippi.
  • Dr. Fletcher Terry Seymour, M.D. - Class of 1862 Served as a Private in the 6th Tennessee Infantry from 1861 to 1862. He was honorably discharged on account of ill health and became a merchant and planter at Eurekaton, Tenn.


Secret Order of Chi Phi

On November 14, 1860, the third independent fraternity to be named Chi Phi was founded at Hobart College in Geneva, New Yorkmarker by twelve members of the class of 1862. The twelve men later became known through Chi Phi as the "Twelve Apostles". The fraternity was officially known as the "Secret Order of Chi Phi" and the first chapter would be called the Upsilon chapter. The Secret Order of Chi Phi at Hobart planted four additional chapters, and then in 1865, negotiations began regarding a merger with the Princeton Order. Negotiations were completed on May 29, 1867, and chapters from both groups united as the Northern Order.

Secret Order Founders

  • John William Jones - Class of 1861
  • Alexander Johnson Beach, Esq. - Class of 1862
  • Amos Brunson - Class of 1862 - http://skaneateles.org/cw_misc/brunson.html
  • Dr. George Gallagher Hopkins, M.D. - Class of 1862
  • Edward Storey Lawson, Esq. - Class of 1862
  • Samuel Watkins Tuttle, Esq. - Class of 1862
  • David Saxton Hall, Jr. - Class of 1863
  • Dr. David Post Jackson, M.D. - Class of 1863
  • Harvey Nixon Loomis - Class of 1863
  • William Henry Shepard, Esq. - Class of 1863
  • William Stuphen, Esq. - Class of 1863
  • Frank Bradshaw Wilson - Class of 1864


Merger of the North and South

Following the end of the Civil War, the Northern and Southern orders discovered each other through John Shepard of the North Carolina chapter of the Southern Order. The orders from the North and South began a negotiation that concluded with a meeting in Washington, DCmarker on March 27, 1874 that resulted in a united organization officially known as the Chi Phi Fraternity. At the March meeting, three members from the Northern Order and three members from the Southern Order adopted a constitution and by-laws and established a date for the first convention, which was held in Washington, DC on July 23, 1874.

Growth and Development

In June 1867, due to the disruption of the Civil War, a group of Southern students led by Peter Mitchell Wilson, A-A '69 and other students from the State of Louisiana, chartered the Theta Chapter of the Southern Order at the University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland. This Chapter is thought to be the first international and only European Chapter of an American College Fraternity.

Although Georgia Tech grads hate to admit they owe anything to Georgia grads (see Clean, Old-Fashioned Hate), Nathaniel E. Harris and Henry W. Grady, two Chi Phis from the University of Georgiamarker, are widely credited with developing the public and legislative support that resulted in the formation of the Georgia Institute of Technologymarker. As a result of his efforts, Nathaniel E. Harris was elected and served as the President of Georgia Tech's Board of Trustees from 1886 until his death in 1929.

Except for a brief period in 1911, three Chi Phis (Joseph Mackey Brown, John Marshall Slaton and Nathaniel E. Harris) held the office of Governor in the State of Georgia from 1909 to 1917. They didn't always see eye-to-eye, however; Brown was vehemently opposed to Slaton's pardon of Leo Frank in 1915 and since his death in 1932, Brown has often been implicated as a conspirator in Frank's lynching. During the same period, another Chi Phi, Hiram W. Johnson served as Governor of California and was later elected to five terms as a U.S. Senator.

Chi Phi's conservative expansion philosophy that only the old, well established schools were suitable for a Chapter, which was in effect for some sixty years (1892 to 1954), led to the denial of a petition for a charter by a group of students at the University of Richmond in 1901. This group, led by Chi Phi Brother Carter Ashton Jenkens, Delta '03, went on to found the Sigma Phi Epsilon Fraternity. During the subsequent fifty-three year period, Sigma Phi Epsilon chartered over 140 Chapters, while Chi Phi only chartered 14.

Stevie Ray Vaughan's music video for the song "When the House is a Rockin'" (Don't Bother Knockin') was filmed almost entirely at the Omega chapter house at the Georgia Institute of Technology.

Active, Inactive and Dormant Chapters

Distinguished Alumni of Chi Phi (Appel et al. 1993)

Business

Iron & Steel



Railroads



Other Businesses



Chancellors & Presidents of Institutions of Higher Education



Engineering, Space and Technology



Entertainment, Broadcast, and Written Media



Government

State Governors & Lt. Governors



U.S. Senators



U.S. Congressmen



Federal Political Appointees



Legal

American Bar Association



State Attorneys General



State Supreme Court Justices



Medical



Military



Sports

Football

College Football Hall of Famemarker


Other College Players


NFL Management, Owners & Players


Other Sports

Baseball


Golf


Olympics
  • Adolph Kiefer - Gold Medalist in 100M backstroke in 1936 Olympics - University of Texasmarker 1940
  • Charles Beetham, Four-time U.S. 800M Outdoor Track Champion, NCAA 800M Champion and five-time Big Ten Champion, Cross-Country Coach and Asst. Track Coach at Ohio State - The Ohio State Universitymarker 1937
  • Greg Barton - Double Gold Medalist, 1988 Olympics in Kayaking (K1 & K2 1000 meters)and four time World Champion - University of Michiganmarker 1983
  • Lawrence "Larry" Snyder, Head Track Coach 1932-1965 at Ohio State, Olympic Track Coach, 1960 and Member of the USATF Hall of Fame - The Ohio State Universitymarker 1920


See also



References

  1. Baird's Manual of American College Fraternities 1920. p 116
  2. Greek Letter Men of Albany. 1901. p 15.
  3. http://diglib.princeton.edu/ead/eadGetDoc.xq?id=/ead/mudd/univarchives/AC135.EAD.xml
  4. http://etcweb.princeton.edu/CampusWWW/Companion/university_chapel.html
  5. Baird's Manual of American College Fraternities. 1912. p 94
  6. Baird's Manual of American College Fraternities 1920. p 117
  7. Baird's Manual of American College Fraternities 1920. p 117-118
  8. Baird's Manual of American College Fraternities. 1912. p 96
  9. Greek Letter Men of Albany. 1901. p 224
  • Appel, Dr. Theodore B. et al. 1993 The Chronicles of Chi Phi, Chi Phi Educational Trust
  • Baird, William, ed 1915 Baird's Manual of American College Fraternities
  • Council of the Chi Phi Fraternity 1927 Biennial Catalogue of The Chi Phi Fraternity 1927, Lancaster Press, Inc.


External links

  • http://chiphi.org/



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