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Chikkaballapur district is a newly created district in the state of Karnatakamarker, India. It was carved out of the existing Kolar districtmarker by moving the taluks of Gowribidanurmarker, Gudibandamarker, Bagepallimarker, Chikkaballapur, Sidlaghattamarker and Chintamani into the new district.

Chickballapur is the District Headquarters of the newly created (2007 August) District of Chickballapur. The town is approximately 50 km north of Bengaluru (formerly Bangalore), the silicon plateau of India. The north-south National Highway NH-7 goes through the town. The town contains a bus headquarters, train station, and is the origin of several national Highways. As a result, it is a key transport link in North Bangalore. The town is within 3 km of Muddenahalli (the birthplace of eminent engineer and statesman Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvarayya) and its nearby town, Kanivenarayanapura, the sites of the upcoming Sri Sathya Sai Baba University and College of Medicine, IIT Muddenhalli, 600 crore Visvesvaraya Institute of Advanced Technology, the 3500 crore Olympic Quality "Sports Village", 200 acre Special Economic Zone comprising commercial and residential zones, and a 70 crore "Silk City". As a result of this rapid development, land prices in this area are at an all time high, hovering well over 2 crores per acre.

The famous hill station of Nandi Hillsmarker is situated nearby and within the jurisdiction of Chickballapur taluk. Many historic temples are situated in and near this town. Nandi Hills or Nandi Durga is located in Chickballapur Taluq and is just 3 to 5 km away.

History

According to a popular legend, the Marigowda, the son of the chief Avathimalla Biregowda, was hunting one day in the Kodimanchanahalli forest. He found a rabbit standing fearlessly in front of hunting dogs. Excited by this, the chief told his son that it eas a sign of the boldness of the local people. So, he obtained permission from the king of Vijayanagaramarker and built a fort and a town. This in course of time developed into the town of Chickballapur. During the rule of Baichegowda, the king of Mysoremarker attacked the fort but had to withdraw due to the interference of Marathas. Dodda Byregowda, who came to power after Baichegowda, resumed control of the territories seized earlier by Mysoremarker. In 1762, during the rule of Chikkappanayaka, Hyder Ali laid siege the town for a period of three months. Then Chikkappanayaka agreed to pay 5-lakhs pagodas, and the army was withdrawn.

After this, Chikkappa Nayaka with the help of Murariraya of Gootymarker tried to get back his powers. He was hiding at Nandi hills along with Chikkappa Nayaka. Immediately Hyder Ali took Chickballapur and other places and arrested Chikkappa Nayaka. Then with interfere of Lord Cornwallis, Chickballapur was handed over to Narayanagowda. After knowing this, Tipu Sultan again acquired Chickballpaur. In 1791 British occupied Nandi & left Narayanagowda to rule the town. Due to this fight between Britishers and Tipu Sultan again started. Narayanagowda lost his administration. Later on British defeated Tipu Sultan. Chickballapur also came under the administration of Wodeyars of Mysore, which is now a part of Karnataka.

Demographics

 India census, Chickballapur had a population of 54,938. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Chikballapur has an average literacy rate of 57%, lower than the national average of 59.5%; with male literacy of 61% and female literacy of 52%. 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.


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