Chilliwack is a Canadian city in the
Province of British
is a predominantly agricultural community with an estimated
population of 80,000 people. Chilliwack is the 2nd largest city in the
Regional District after Abbotsford. The city is surrounded
by mountains and recreational areas such as Cultus
Lake and Chilliwack Lake Provincial
There are many outdoor opportunities in the
area, including hiking, biking, camping, fishing, and golf.
is the location of the head offices of the Fraser Valley Regional District.
Between 5,000 and 10,000 years ago the Sto:lo
arrived in the Chilliwack area. At the time of their first contact
it is estimated that there
were as many as 30,000 people living within Sto:lo territory.
gold was discovered in the Fraser Canyon.
By 1858, over 30,000 gold miners had
trekked to the goldfields
travelling through the Chilliwack area. By the mid 1860's several
farms had grown up around the steamboat landings on the Fraser
River called Miller's Landing, Sumas Landing and Chilliwack
The Township of Chilliwack was incorporated in 1873, the third
municipality in British Columbia. Initial settlement was along the
Fraser River at Chilliwack Landing. Steamboats were the main mode of
transportation, carrying goods and passengers between Chilliwack
With little room for expansion along the river, the commercial area
of the town moved south to the junction of the New Westminster-Yale
Wagon Road, Wellington Avenue and Young Road, called "Five
Corners." A large subdivision called Centreville was built In 1881.
The name Centreville was replaced In 1887 by the more popular
"Chilliwhack." The area was incorporated in 1908 as a separate
municipality, the City of Chilliwack. The City and the Township
co-existed for 72 years. In 1980 they merged to form the District
of Chilliwack. The District of Chilliwack became the City of
Chilliwack in the early 1990s.
The spelling of Chilliwack is sometimes a matter of confusion.
Prior to the amalgamation of the City of Chilliwack
the Municipality of Chilliwhack
, there were two different
spellings. Upon amalgamation, the spelling of the City was used.
Archaic spellings include Chilliwhyeuk
and other versions
closer to the original Halkomelem
language of the Sto:lo communities around Chilliwack and
is located in the upper Fraser Valley,
100 kilometres (60 mi) east of Vancouver on the Trans Canada
The city is bounded on the north by the
, and on the south by the
Canada-United States border.
by tall mountain peaks (such as the dramatic Mount Cheam and Slesse Mountain) and mighty rivers (the Fraser and Vedder),
Chilliwack's natural setting is magnificent.
argued that the city itself, once a small agricultural town, "has
become an example of sprawling suburbia and bad city planning."
Efforts to revitalize the languishing downtown, and to curb the
spread of housing subdivisions into valuable farmland, have proved
Chilliwack's mild climate with limited extremes provides excellent
growing conditions for a wide variety of crops and agricultural
products. The highest temperature recorded in Chilliwack was on
July 29, 2009, and the lowest recorded temperature was in 1968.
Precipitation falls mostly as rain, with snow limited, for the most
part, to the surrounding mountains.
As Chilliwack is situated at the end of the Fraser Valley, it is
one of the wettest cities in the valley. Rain clouds funnel to the
end of the valley as they are pushed over the mountains usually
during the winter months, when some locals claim that it is not
uncommon for it to rain during the entire month. Summers in
Chilliwack are usually sunny and hot, with long days (light out
until well after 10pm in June with dusk that lasts for
Due to its location at the eastern end of the Fraser Valley, there
is some debate about Chilliwack's air quality. It is often said
that air pollution from Vancouver and other "up wind" cities
accumulates at Chilliwack, particularly during the summer months.
the complexities of the Lower Mainland airshed with its
microclimates and point
source pollution (for example aerosols from farms) along with the increasing
and ubiquitous presence of automobiles, make such generalizations
The air quality in the Fraser Valley has
reportedly been improving in recent years, not declining as
commonly believed. Air quality has been the subject of a recent
Spare Our Air campaign and a protest
against the construction of a power plant in nearby Sumas,
(according to Statistics Canada
- Population: 69,217
- Growth Rate (2001-2006): 10.6%
- Total Private Dwellings: 27,929
- Area: 260.19 km².
- Density: 266.0 people per km².
People from Chilliwack
- Steven Point, first aboriginal
- Allan Fotheringham, columnist. Worked for The Chilliwack
Progress as a student, columnist for Maclean's magazine,
The Globe and Mail, ten-year panelist on Canadian
television show Front Page Challenge.
- Keith Hunter Jesperson,
- Dave Archibald, former
professional hockey player with Minnesota North Stars and Ottawa Senators.
- Rob Tallas, former professional
hockey player with Boston Bruins and
- Rick Klassen, former CFL football
- Dr. George Pedersen, University
president. President of five universities (University
of British Columbia, Simon Fraser University, University of Western Ontario, Royal Roads, UNBC), graduated
from Chilliwack High School in 1950.
- Diana Swain, television journalist.
Graduated from Chilliwack High School in 1983.
- Homer Thompson, classical
archaeologist. Grew up in Chilliwack on a dairy farm.
- Tasha Tilberg, supermodel. Born in Chilliwack on July 23, 1979.
Appeared on the covers of magazines such as Vogue,
Harper's Bazaar and Marie Claire. CoverGirl
- Tony Clarke, activist,
who graduated from Chilliwack Senior Secondary.
- Dale Martindale, lead vocalist
for the CASBY Award winning band
Images in Vogue.
Chilliwack's primary industries are agriculture
, manufacturing, and tourism. The
city is particularly famous for its fishing, golf, hiking and year
round whitewater rafting. The Canadian military used to have an
army training base in Vedder Crossing, but it was closed in the mid
1990s. Today all that remains is the Army's area support unit or
remainder of the base has since been converted into the Canada
Education Park, which houses the RCMP's Pacific Regional Training
Centre (PRTC) and is the site of the new eastern campus of the
University of the Fraser
UFV's current campus is on Yale
The largest industrial operations in Chilliwack are:
- Rainbow Greenhouses (115 employees, 45 seasonal employees)
- Inline Nurseries (40 employees, 70 seasonal employees)
- Unifeed (80 employees)
- Fraser Valley Duck & Goose (70 employees)
- Canfor Nurseries (65 employees)
- Vantage Foods (110 employees)
- Johnston Packers (85 employees)
- Fraser Valley Meats (56 employees)
- Natrel/Sealtest (45 employees)
- Coast Mountain Dairy (45 employees)
- Rogers Foods (20 employees)
Retail and Wholesale Trade
- Uneeda Wood Products (180 employees)
- Masonite International (178 employees)
- IMW Industries (150 employees)
- TY-CROP Manufacturing (140 employees)
- Visscher Lumber (126 employees)
- Westeck Windows (94 employees)
- Overwaitea Food Group (450 employees)
- Real Canadian Superstore (340 employees)
- Canada Safeway (178 employees)
- Wal-Mart (156 employees)
- Canadian Tire (125 employees)
- Sears Canada (108 employees)
- Stream International (900 employees)
- Murphy Air (40 employees)
- TEKSmed Services (32 employees)
- Best Western Rainbow Country Inn (83 employees)
- Rhombus Hotel (64 employees)
- Cultus Lake Park Board (50 employees)
- Minter Gardens (50 employees)
Canadian Forces Base Chilliwack
Chilliwack was home to Canadian Forces Base
closed in 1999 due to defense cutbacks as a result of the end of
the Cold War in 1991.
The base was first opened in 1941 as Camp Chilliwack after Canada's
1939 entry into the Second World War. A few months after
the outbreak of the Second World
War in the Pacific after the sudden attack on the United States
Naval Base at Pearl
Harbor, the camp was expanded to garrison Canadian Army units for the defence of
Canada's West Coast.
The base was a garrison for army units,
but also a recruit training facility; 112 Canadian Army Basic
Training Centre, and A6 Canadian Engineering Training Centre was
housed at Chilliwack for the duration of the war until its end in
During the Cold War
, the base was used as a
permanent training and garrison facility for the Canadian Army
units of British Columbia. The based housed the Royal
CanadianSchool of Military Engineering, formerly A6
Canadian Engineering Training Centre, and also housed 58 Field
Engineer Squadron which was transferred from CFB Esquimalt on Vancouver Island.
unification of the Canadian Forces in 1968, the base was renamed
Canadian Forces Base Chilliwack (CFB Chilliwack).
The base housed:
the 3rd Battalion, Princess Patricia's
Canadian Light Infantry, was transferred from CFB Esquimalt to CFB
Chilliwack, the last
unit to be transferred to the base.
- Canadian Forces School of Military Engineering (formerly Royal
Canadian School of Military Engineering)
- Canadian Forces Officer Candidate School (CFOCS) (transferred
in 1971 to CFB Chilliwack)
- 1 Combat Engineer Regiment (formerly 58 Field Engineer
Due to Department of National Defence cutback due to the end of the
Cold War, the base was closed in 1997. The CFOCS, was
transferred to Area Support Unit St-Jean in Quebec (ASU St-Jean), the CFSME transferred to CFB Gagetown, 3 PPCLI and 1 Combat Engineer Regiment were
transferred to CFB
The base, which consisted of 2 areas, Vedder Creek, which contained
the barracks and schools, was mothballed and sold for civilian
development, while the Chilcotin Training Area, or better known as
Area C, is still operational and is part of Western Area Training
Area C is used by the Primary
units of British Columbia for field training and for
the use of its firing ranges. The ASU is also used by Cadets
for field training. The ASU also houses
supply depots for supplying the Canadian Army units of 39 Canadian Brigade Group
, and the
cadet units of BC.
The public transit system is operated by Chilliwack Transit
, which is partly
funded by BC Transit
School District 33
contains a total of 31 public schools. The two main
high schools, Sardis Secondary
(grades 10-12) and Chilliwack Secondary School
(grades 10-12) are complimented by G.W. Graham Middle-Secondary
which has students from grade 7 to grade 12 and focuses
on Fine Arts
. There are five Middle
Schools each taking grades 7 to 9.
Secondary institutions in Chilliwack consist mainly of the University
of the Fraser Valley, a school consisting of over 21000 students over
several campuses all over the Fraser
Starting as a college
, it became a university college
and in 2008
it became a full
Arts and culture
Perhaps the best-known musical act affiliated with the city is the
, but while it took
the settlement as its namesake, the band actually formed and has
always been based in nearby Vancouver. The city of Chilliwack
itself has a vibrant(albeit self-contained) musical scene, centring
mostly around young ska and punk rock bands. It has given birth to
such bands as Abernethy
, The Lazy
, 22 Hookers
, A Canadian Werewolf In...
, New World On
, Pond Scum
, Mystery Machine
The Darkest of the
, Jump Rope For Heart
, and Goodnight Medic
The Paramount theatre had the largest neon sign in B.C. at the time
of its building.
The Book Man
is the second-largest used
bookstore in the province of British Columbia.
The Chilliwack Progress is British Columbia's oldest community
newspaper published continuously since April, 1891 with the same
name in the same community.
Chilliwack is home to the Western Hockey League's Chilliwack Bruins, who play at the
The expansion franchise began play for the
The city's Junior "A" team, the Chilliwack Chiefs
, moved to Langley
, British Columbia to make way for the
Chilliwack is home to the Canadian Junior Football
League's Chilliwack Huskers,
who play at Exhibition Stadium.
Chilliwack has also hosted the 2007-2008 Synchronized Skating
Canadian Championships at the Prospera Centre.
- History of Chilliwack
- Economic Sector Profile: Technology/Advanced
Manufacturing, Chilliwack Economic Partners Corporation,
- Economic Sector Profile: Food Processing,
Chilliwack Economic Partners Corporation, 2008
- Economic Sector Profile: Chilliwack Economic
Partners Corporation, 2008
- Economic Sector Profile: Retail and Wholesale
Trade, Chilliwack Economic Partners Corporation, 2007
- Economic Sector Profile: Chilliwack Economic
Partners Corporation, 2008
- Economic Sector Profile: Chilliwack Economic
Partners Corporation, 2007