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The name Chinatown has been used at different times to describe different places in Londonmarker. The present Chinatown is in the Sohomarker area of the City of Westminstermarker, occupying the area in and around Gerrard Street. It contains a number of Chinese restaurants, bakeries, supermarkets, souvenir shops, and other Chinese-run businesses.

History

The first area in London known as Chinatown was located in the Limehousemarker area of the East End of Londonmarker. At the start of the 20th century, the Chinese population of London was concentrated in that area, setting up businesses which catered to the Chinese sailors who frequented in Docklandsmarker. The area began to become known through exaggerated reports and tales of (legal) opium dens and slum housing, rather than the Chinese restaurants and supermarkets in the current Chinatown. However, much of the area was damaged by aerial bombing during the Blitz in the Second World War, although a number of elderly Chinese still choose to live in this area.After the Second World War, however, the growing popularity of Chinese cuisine and an influx of immigrants from Hong Kongmarker led to an increasing number of Chinese restaurants being opened elsewhere.

The present Chinatown, off Shaftesbury Avenuemarker did not start to be established until the 1970s. Up until then, it was a regular Soho area, run-down, with Gerrard Street the main thoroughfare. It was dominated by the Post Office, facing Macclesfield Street, and other major establishments were The Tailor & Cutter House, at 43/44, now a Chinese supermarket and restaurant, the Boulougne Restaurant, near the Wardour Street end, and by Peter Mario's Restaurant at the other end. Other businesses included a master baker's, the Sari Centre, Lesgrain French Coffee House, Harrison Marks' Glamour Studio, an Indian restaurant and lots of doorways offering French Lessons and suchlike. Probably the first Chinese restaurants opened in Lisle Street, parallel to Gerrard St, and then spread gradually. The Tailor & Cutter did not close down until around 1974.

In 2005, the property developer Rosewheel proposed a plan to redevelop the eastern part of Chinatown. The plan was opposed by many of the existing retailers in Chinatown, as they believe that the redevelopment will drive out the traditional Chinese retail stores from the area and change the ethnic characteristic of Chinatown.

Residents

There is a large residential block called Vale Royal House which houses a number of families, professionals and single men and women. This block was built in the 1980s and is made famous by housing the China Town car park underneath it.

There are repeated claims that there are many illegal workers in London's Chinatown earning less than minimum wage . This illegal trade has association with the Triads, highlighted by a shooting in broad daylight in June 2003 in the Bar Room Bar (brb) on Gerrard Street.

Gerrard Street

A stone lion on Gerrard Street.
Note the bilingual English/Chinese street sign in the background
Ronnie Scott's Jazz Club started in Gerrard street in the basement of No. 39.

The 43 Club, located at number 43 Gerrard Street, was a Jazz club that became notorious for outrageous parties frequented by the rich and powerful during the roaring twenties. It was eventually closed down by director order of the Home Office and the proprietor, Kate Meyrick, was imprisoned.

Pamela Green and Harrison Marks lived at number 4 Gerrard Street where they set up their glamour studio. In the early sixties they had 15 staff. The director Michael Powell copied their sets for the film Peeping Tom, in which Pamela Green also starred.

Samuel Johnson and Joshua Reynolds met at the Turk's Head Tavern to found The Club dining club in 1764. The site is commemorated by a plaque at No. 9.

A basement in Gerrard Street was the location of the first ever rehearsal of Led Zeppelin in 1968, where they played "Train Kept a Rollin". The exact location of the basement is unknown, and is believed to have been converted into a business premises many years ago.

John Dryden lived for a while at 43 Gerrard Street.

Education

For education in Chinatown, London see the main City of Westminster article.


The City of Westminster operates the Charing Cross Library with the Westminster Chinese Library.

See also



The nearest London Underground stations are Leicester Squaremarker and Piccadilly Circusmarker.

References

External links




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