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More info on Chinese Eastern Railway Zone

Chinese Eastern Railway Zone: Map

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Capital

Harbinmarker

Chronology

  • 27 August 1896: Russiamarker and Chinamarker sign contract for building Chinese Eastern Railroad.
  • 17 December 1896: Chinese Eastern Railroad Society ( ) established in St. Petersburgmarker, later moved to Vladivostokmarker.
  • July 1897: Construction begun on Chinese Eastern railroad, 1,481 km (Tarskaya - Hilar - Harbinmarker - Nikolsk-Ussuriskimarker).
  • 16 May 1898: Harbin established.
  • August 1898: Defense for Chinese Eastern Railroad (CER) across Manchuria assumed by Russia; under Priamur governor.
  • 3 November 1901: Traffic opened, regular passenger traffic begun from Sankt Petersburg to Vladivostokmarker 14 July 1903.
  • 1 July 1903: Chinese Eastern Railroad opened and given under authority of CER Administration (Russian: Upravleniye KVZhD)
  • 12 August 1903 - 1 July 1905: Subordinated to Viceroyalty of the Far East (see L├╝shunkoumarker).
  • 5 September 1905: Southern spur (Changchunmarker to Port Arthur) of CER ceded to Japan.
  • 1 August 1906: Ussurian line was granted on long-term lease for 25 years (to 1 January 1931) to Russian CER.
  • November 1917 - 20 September 1924: Russian zone administered by "White" Russian forces during the Russian civil war.
  • 1 July 1920: Ussurian line separated from CER.
  • 18 November 1922: Under administration of Soviet Unionmarker, part of Far Eastern Region.
  • 1929 - 1932: De facto under Chinese sovereignty.
  • 9 February 1933: Nationalized by Manchukuo government
  • 23 March 1935: Southern spur transferred to Manchukuo by Japanmarker.and Northern spur of CER sold to Manchukuo by U.S.S.R.
  • 1 September 1935: Soviets recognize Manchukuo as owner of CER.
  • 18 August 1945: Harbin liberated by Soviet troops.
  • 18 August 1945 - 14 February 1950: Joint Soviet-Chinese administration of the Chinese Eastern Railroad.



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