Christian Daniel Rauch
(January 2, 1777 – December 3, 1857) was a German sculptor.
born at Arolsen in the
Principality of Waldeck.
Christian Daniel Rauch
parents were poor and unable to place him under efficient masters.
instructor taught him little else than the art of sculpting
gravestones, and Professor Ruhl of Kassel could not
give him much more. A wider field of improvement opened up before
him when he removed to Berlin in 1797; but
he was obliged to earn a livelihood by becoming a royal lackey, and
to practise his art in spare hours.
Queen Louisa of Prussia
him one day in the act of modeling her features in wax, sent him to
study at the Academy of Art.
Not long afterwards, in 1804, Count Sandrecky gave Rauch the means
to complete his education at Rome, where Wilhelm von Humboldt
, Antonio Canova
and Bertel Thorvaldsen
befriended him. Among
other works, he executed bas-reliefs of "Hippolytus and Phaedra,"
"Mars and Venus wounded by Diomede," and a "Child praying."
In 1811 Rauch was commissioned to execute a monument for Queen
Louisa of Prussia. The statue, representing the queen in a
sleeping posture, was placed in a mausoleum in the grounds of
Charlottenburg, and procured great fame for the artist.
erection of nearly all public statues came to be entrusted to him.
were, among others, Bülow, Yorck and Scharnhorst at Berlin, Blücher at Breslau, Maximilian at Munich, Francke at Halle, Dürer at
Nuremberg, Luther at Wittenberg, and Grand Duke Paul
Friedrich at Schwerin.
At length, in 1830, Rauch began, along with the architect Karl Friedrich Schinkel
, the models
for a colossal equestrian monument at Berlin to honor King Frederick II of Prussia
the Great). This work was inaugurated with great pomp in May 1851,
and is regarded as one of the masterpieces of modern sculpture.
Princes decorated Rauch with honors and the academies of Europe
enrolled him among their members. A statue of Immanuel Kant for Königsberg and a statue of Albrecht
Thaer for Berlin occupied his attention during some of his last
years; and he had just finished a model of Moses praying between Aaron and
Hur when he was attacked by his last
Image:CRauch.jpg|Self-portrait in toned gypsum (1828)Image:Berlin
Friedrichswerdersche Kirche Luise 2005.jpg|Sarcophagus of Queen Louisa of
Image:Scharnhorststatue.jpg|Statue of General Gerhard von Scharnhorst
Buelow memorial.jpg|Friedrich Wilhelm von
21a.jpg|Equestrian statue of Frederick the