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Christian pilgrimage: Map

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Christian pilgrimage was first made to sites connected with the birth, life, crucifixion and resurrection of Jesus. Surviving descriptions of Christian pilgrimages to the Holy Land and Jerusalem date from the 4th century, when pilgrimage was encouraged by church fathers like Saint Jerome and established by Helena, the mother of Constantine the Great. Pilgrimages also began to be made to Romemarker and other sites associated with the Apostles, Saints and Christian martyrs, as well as to places where there have been apparition of the Virgin Mary.

Major Christian pilgrimage sites

Bosnia-Herzegovina

  • Međugorjemarker. Apparitions of the Virgin Mary at the present who had the gloryous Jesus Christ


Brazil



France

  • The several churches and basilicas in Lourdesmarker - associated with Marian apparitions receive over 5 million pilgrims a years, making Lourdes the second most visited Christian pilgrimage site in Europe after Rome.




  • Basilica of St. Thérèse marker - in Normandie. The second pilgrimage site in France after Lourdes with over 2 million visitors per year.


Israel

The Holy Land, location of many events in the Old Testament and New Testament:

Italy









Mexico

  • Basilica of Our Lady of Guadalupemarker - one of the largest churches in the world and receives about 20 million pilgrims per year. It can accommodate 40,000 people for a mass.


Portugal

  • Fátimamarker - Our Lady of Fatima is the title given to the Blessed Virgin Mary. She appeared to three shepherd children at Fátima on the 13th day of six consecutive months in 1917. Fatima receives about 4-5 million pilgrims a year.


Spain



Turkey



The Vatican

Location of relics of various saints, relics of the Passion, important churches and headquarters of the Roman Catholic Church.

Other pilgrimage sites

Armenia

Austria

  • Mariazellmarker. Marian Shrine to Austria and Hungary

Canada

Egypt

France



Germany



Greece

India

Ireland

Italy



Jordan

Lithuania





Netherlands



Norway

  • Nidaros, Trondheim. Shrine of St. Olav. 4th most visited pilgrimage site in Middle Ages.

Poland



Romania

Spain

Switzerland

Turkey

UK



USA



Record-breaking Pilgrimages

The second largest single pilgrimage in the history of Christendom was to the Funeral of Pope John Paul II after his death on April 2, 2005. An estimated four million people traveled to Vatican Citymarker, in addition to the almost three million people already living in Rome, to see the body of Pope John Paul II lie in state.

World Youth Day is a major Catholic Pilgrimage, specifically for people aged 16-35. It is held internationally every 2-3 years. In 2005, young Catholics visited Cologne, Germanymarker. In 1995, the largest gathering of all time was to World Youth Day in Manilamarker, Philippinesmarker, where four million people from all over the world attended.

In the media both manifestations are usually referred to as 'pilgrimages', but actually in the strict meaning of the word they are not pilgrimages as they are (each time) once-only religious gatherings for a specific purpose (funeral, religious renewal for the youth) and not focused at a shrine based cultus-object for veneration. However, since the funeral, the proper grave of John Paul II is actually indeed becoming a new site of pilgrimage in Rome.

See also



References

  1. House of the Virgin Mary listing at www.Ephesus.US
  2. Basilica and National Shrine of Our Lady of Consolation official website


External links




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