The Church of Antioch
) is one of the
five Christian churches that composed the One Holy Catholic and
before the East-West Schism
traces its origins to the Christian community founded in Antioch by the
Apostles St. Peter and St. Paul.
It later became one of the
five major patriarchates of early Christianity.
In the Bible, according to , the Christian community at Antioch
began when Christians who were scattered from Judea because of
persecution fled to Antioch. They were joined by Christians from
Cyprus and Cyrene who migrated to Antioch. It was in Antioch that
the followers of Jesus were first referred to as Christians.
of the patriarchate was formerly Antioch, in what is now Turkey.
However, in the 15th century, it was moved to Syria in response to
the Ottoman invasion.
Modern Branches of the Church of Antioch
The patriarchate of Antioch is claimed by at least five major
Eastern Christian churches, three of which- the Melkite, Syriac,
and Maronite Catholic churches- are in communion with the Catholic Church
and thus recognize
each other's claims. The Antiochian Orthodox Church belongs to the
Eastern Orthodox Church
the Syriac Orthodox Church is a member of the Oriental Orthodox Communion
The five branches are:
The Roman Catholic Church also claimed the patriarchate and
appointed titular Latin rite patriarchs for many centuries until it
renounced those claims in 1964.