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Churches of Rome: Map

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There are more than 900 churches in Romemarker. Most, but not all, of these are Roman Catholic, with some notable Roman Catholic Marian churches.

Ancient Churches

The first churches of Rome originated in places where Christians met. They were divided into three categories:
#the houses of private Roman citizens (people who hosted the meetings of Christians - also known as oratoria, oracula);
#the deaconries (places where charity distributions were given to the poor and placed under the control of a deacon); (The greatest deaconries had many deacons, and one of them was elected archdeacon.)
#other houses holding a titulus (known as domus ecclesia);


Tituli

Only the tituli were allowed to distribute sacraments. The most important priest in a titulus was given the name of Cardinal. Pope Marcellus I (at the beginning of the 4th century) confirmed that the tituli were the only centres of administration in the Church. In 499 a.d., a synod held by Pope Symmachus listed all the presbyters participating, as well as the tituli who were present at that time.[198759]:

  1. Titulus Aemilianae (Santi Quattro Coronatimarker)
  2. Titulus Anastasiae (Santa Anastasiamarker)
  3. Titulus SS Apostolorum (Santi Apostolimarker)
  4. Titulus Byzantis or Vizantis (unknown, perhaps "Titulus Pammachii")
  5. Titulus S Caeciliae (Santa Cecilia in Trasteveremarker)
  6. Titulus Clementis (San Clementemarker)
  7. Titulus Crescentianae (San Sisto Vecchiomarker)
  8. Titulus Crysogoni (San Crisogonomarker)
  9. Titulus Cyriaci (Uncertain; theories include Santa Maria Antiquamarker and Santa Maria in Domnicamarker)
  10. Titulus Damasi (San Lorenzo in Damasomarker)
  11. Titulus Equitii (San Martino ai Montimarker)
  12. Titulus Eusebi (Sant'Eusebiomarker)
  13. Titulus Fasciolae (Santi Nereo e Achilleomarker)
  14. Titulus Gaii (Santa Susannamarker)
  15. Titulus Iulii (Santa Maria in Trasteveremarker, identical with Titulus Callixti)
  16. Titulus Lucinae (San Lorenzo in Lucinamarker)
  17. Titulus Marcelli (San Marcello al Corsomarker)
  18. Titulus Marci (San Marcomarker)
  19. Titulus Matthaei (in Via Merulana, destroyed in 1810)
  20. Titulus Nicomedis (in Via Nomentana, destroyed)
  21. Titulus Pammachii (Santi Giovanni e Paolo marker)
  22. Titulus Praxedis (Santa Prassedemarker)
  23. Titulus Priscae (Santa Priscamarker)
  24. Titulus Pudentis (Santa Pudenzianamarker)
  25. Titulus Romani (unknown, perhaps either Santa Maria Antiquamarker or Santa Maria in Domnicamarker, whichever the "Titulus Cyriaci" wasn't)
  26. Titulus S Sabinae (Santa Sabinamarker)
  27. Titulus Tigridae (uncertain, perhaps Santa Balbinamarker)
  28. Titulus Vestinae (San Vitalemarker)


"Seven churches of Rome"

It is known that in 336, Pope Julius I had set the number of presbyter cardinals to 28, so that for each day of the week, a different presbyter cardinal would say mass in one of the four major basilicas of Rome, St. Peter'smarker, Saint Paul Outside the Wallsmarker, Santa Maria Maggioremarker, and San Giovanni in Lateranomarker. These four basilicas had no cardinal, since they were under the Pope's direction. The Basilica di San Giovanni in Lateranomarker was also the seat of the bishop of Rome. Traditionally, pilgrims were expected to visit all four basilicas, and San Lorenzo fuori le muramarker, Santa Croce in Gerusalemmemarker, and Santuario della Madonna del Divino Amore which constituted the Seven Pilgrim Churches of Rome. Before 2000, the seventh church was instead San Sebastiano fuori le muramarker.

Churches

This is a list of churches of Rome cited in Wikipedia articles or with related files on Wikicommons. The churches are grouped according to the time of their initial construction: the dates are those of the first record of each church. The reader, however, should not expect the current fabric of the buildings to reflect that age, since over the centuries most have undergone reconstruction. Almost all the churches will thus appear considerably more recent, and as a patchwork of periods and styles.

4th century



5th century



6th century



7th century



8th century



9th century



10th century



11th century



12th century



13th century



14th century



15th century



16th century



17th century



18th century



19th century



20th century



21st century



See also



Notes

  1. Some scholars have identified the 3rd Century hall beneath the church as a meeting room for a Christian community. Others do not agree with this view, claiming there are no proofs of Christian use before the 6th Century. Krautheimer, p. 115.


References

  • Krautheimer, R., Corpus Basilicarum Christianarum Romae, vol. 3.
  • Symmacus synod, with list of presbyters and tituli.


External links




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