The Full Wiki

Chuvash people: Map

Advertisements
  
  
  

Wikipedia article:

Map showing all locations mentioned on Wikipedia article:



The Chuvash people ( ; ) are a Turkic ethnic group native to the Volga Region of Russian Federationmarker. Most of them live in Republic of Chuvashiamarker and surrounding areas, although distant Chuvash communities may be found as far east as Siberiamarker.

Etymology

Up to this day, there is no universally accepted etymology of the word Chuvash. However, there are two main theories that try to explain it.

Suvar

According to one theory, "Chuvash" is a Shaz-Turkic adaptation of Lir-Turkic "Suvar", an ethnonym of people that are widely considered to be the ancestors of modern Chuvashes. Compare Lir-Turkic to Shaz-Turkic (cauldron).

Jăvaš

Another theory suggests that the word "Chuvash" may be derived from Common Turkic jăvaš ("friendly", "peaceful") as opposed to "şarmăs" ("warlike").

Origin

There are rival schools of thought on the origin of Chuvash people. One is that they originated from a mixing between the Suvar and Savir tribes of Volga Bulgaria with local Mari tribes. Another is that Chuvashes are remainders of pre-Volga Bulgar (Hunnic) population of Volga region, partly merged with Scythians, Volga Bolgars and Maris.

Subgroups

Chuvash people are divided into two main groups: Virjal or Turi ( ; upper) and Anatri ( ; lower). The latter also have their own subgroups: Anat jenci ( ; mid-lower) and Hirti ( ; steppe).

History

Turkic-speaking ancestors of Chuvash people are believed to have come from Central Asia, where they lived in the basin of Irtyshmarker (between Tian Shanmarker and Altay) from at least the end of third millennia BC. In the beginning of first century AD they started moving west through Zhetysumarker and steppes of modern-day Kazakhstanmarker, and reached North Caucasus in II-III centuries AD. There they established several states (Old Bulgaria on the Black Seamarker coast and Suvar Duchy in modern-day Daghestanmarker) and came into contact with Iranic peoples (Scythians, Sakas, Sarmatians and later, Alans).

Population

Culture

They speak the Chuvash language and are predominantly Orthodox Christian, with some pre-Christian traditions. In addition to the Chuvash language, many Chuvash people also use the Russian and Tatar languages.

Religion

See also



References

  1. History of Chuvash people



Embed code:
Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message