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Cienfuegos is a city on the southern coast of Cubamarker, capital of the province of Cienfuegos. It is located about 250 km (155 miles) from Havanamarker, and has a population of 150,000. The city is dubbed "La Perla del Sur" (Pearl of the South). Cienfuegos literally translates to "Hundred fires".

Geography

Near the entrance to Bahia de Cienfuegos (bahia meaning "bay") is Castillo de Jaguamarker (full name Castillo de Nuestra Señora de los Angeles de Jagua), a fortress erected in the 1745 for protection against Caribbeanmarker pirates.

Cienfuegos, one of the chief seaports of Cuba, is a center of the sugar trade, as well as coffee and tobacco. While sugarcane is the chief crop, local farmers grow coffee.

The downtown contains 6 buildings from 1819-50, 327 buildings from 1851-1900, and 1188 buildings from the 20th century. There is no other place in the Caribbean which contains such a remarkable cluster of Neoclassical structures.

Demographics

In 2004, the municipality of Cienfuegos had a population of 163,824. With a total area of , it has a population density of .

History

The area was called the Cacicazgo de Jagua by the early Spaniards, and was settled by indigenous people.

The city was settled by French immigrants from Bordeauxmarker and Louisianamarker, led by Don Louis D'Clouet, on April 22 1819. Its original name was Fernardina de Jagua, in honor of Ferdinand VII of Spain. The settlement became a town (Spanish: Villa) in 1829, and a city in 1880. The city was subsequently named Cienfuegos, sharing the name with Cienfuegos, a Captain General in this time, in the island.

Near Cienfuego, was the scene of battle in 1898, between the Spanish defenders and the American marines which landed near the city to cut Spanish communication lines.

During the Cuban Revolution the city saw an uprising against Fulgencio Batista and was bombed, on September 5 1957.

World Heritage Site

In 2005, UNESCOmarker inscribed the Urban Historic Centre of Cienfuegos on the World Heritage List, citing Cienfuegos as the best extant example of the 19th-century early Spanish Enlightenment implementation in urban planning.

Hurricane Dennis 2005

In 2005, Hurricane Dennis made its second landfall near Cienfuegos at about 1:00PM AST (17:00 UTC) with winds of 232km/h (144 MPH), and gusts reaching 285 km/h (177 MPH).

Attractions

One of the turrets on the moonlit roof of Palacio de Valle
  • Castillo de Nuestra Señora de los Ángeles de Jaguamarker - fortress
  • Arco de Triunfo - the only Arco de Triunfo in Cuba
  • Cathedral de la Purisma Conception - cathedral with stained glass work, built 1833-1869.
  • Delfinario - dolphins and sea lions in a saltwater lagoon
  • Jardín Botánico de Cienfuegos - 97 hectares of botanic garden
  • Museo Provincial - furniture and porcelain museum
  • Palacio de Valle - built 1913-1917 in neo-gothic style
  • Palmira Yorubá Pantheon - museum of religious afro-catholic syncretism
  • Parque José Martí - park in Plaza de Armas
  • University of Cienfuegos "Carlos Rafael Rodríguez" (UCF) - the province's secondary education institution.


Famous residents



Gallery

Image:CienfuegosMarti.JPG|Statue of José MartíImage:CienfuegosCatedral.JPG|Cathedral of CienfuegosImage:CienfuegosBoulevard.JPG|Pedestrian BoulevardImage:CienfuegosPrado.JPG|PradoImage:CienfuegosValle.JPG|Palacio de Valle (Valle's Palace) in Punta GordaImage:DirkvdM cienfuegos state hotel.jpg|Palacio Azul (Blue Palace)Image:Cienfuegos facade.jpg|Closeup of porthouseImage:DirkvdM cienfuegos yacht club.jpg|The yacht club in Cienfuegos

See also



References

  1. Castro speech commemorates Moncada assault
  2. Cienfuegos at World Heritage List


External links




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