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The City of Sydney is the Local Government Area (LGA) covering the Sydney central business districtmarker and surrounding inner city suburbs of the greater metropolitan area of Sydneymarker, Australia. The leader of the City of Sydney holds the title of the Lord Mayor of Sydney.

Suburbs within the boundaries of the City of Sydney before the merger include the actual downtown or central business district of Sydney itself, Pyrmontmarker and Ultimomarker to the west, Haymarketmarker to the south and Woolloomooloomarker to the east and other suburbs. On 6 February 2004, the former LGA of the City of South Sydney was formally merged into the City of Sydney.

Geography

The CBD is roughly bounded by Circular Quaymarker and the Harbour to the north, Macquarie Streetmarker to the east, the Western Distributor to the west and Liverpool Street to the south.Suburbs within the City of South Sydney before the merger included Alexandriamarker, Darlingtonmarker (now mostly occupied by the University of Sydney), Erskinevillemarker, Newtownmarker, Redfernmarker, Glebemarker, Waterloomarker, Paddingtonmarker.

Demographics

- In June 2009 there were 177,000 permanent residents and a daily average of 26,000 accommodation visitors bringing the total population of the City of Sydney to over 200,000 people.

According to the Australian Bureau of Statistics:


- an increase of 2,934 people over the year to 30 June 2006, the 3rd largest population growth in a Local Government Area in New South Wales. It was equal to 5.0% of the 58,753 increase in the population of New South Wales

- was, in percentage terms, an increase of 2.0% in the number of people over the year to 30 June 2006, the 11th fastest growth in population of a Local Government Area in New South Wales. In New South Wales the population grew by 0.9%

- an increase in population over the 10 years to 30 June 2006 of 45,347 people or 43% (3.6% in annual average terms), the 2nd highest rate of a Local Government Area in New South Wales. In New South Wales the population grew by 622,966 or 10% (1.0% in annual average terms) over the same period.

Suburbs in the local government area

Suburbs within or partially within the City of Sydney are:


Localities in the local government area

Localities in the City of Sydney are:

History

The name Sydney comes from "Sydney Covemarker" which is where the English admiral Arthur Phillip established the first settlement, after arriving with the First Fleet. On 22 January 1788, he named it after Thomas Townshend, 1st Viscount Sydney, who was the home secretary at the time, and the man responsible for the plan for the convict colony in Australia.

The "City of Sydney" was established on 20 July 1842 by the Corporation Act which encompasses present-day Woolloomooloomarker, Surry Hillsmarker, Chippendalemarker and Pyrmontmarker, an area of 11.65 km². There were six wards established by boundary posts. A boundary post still exists in front of Sydney Square.

The boundaries of the City of Sydney have changed fairly regularly since 1900. The Municipality of Camperdownmarker was merged with the city in 1909. Added in 1949 were Alexandria, Darlington, Erskineville, Newtown, Redfern, Glebe, Waterloo, and Paddington. In 1968 the boundaries were changed and many of these suburbs moved to be part of a new municipality of South Sydney. South Sydney was brought back into the city in 1982, but became separate again under the City of Sydney Act of 1988 and then became smaller than its original size at 6.19 km². It grew again in February, 2004 with the merger of the two council areas, and now has a population of approximately 170,000 people.

The City of Sydney is a major supporter of the Sydney Peace Prize.

Boundary changes

File:COS pre 1909.png|Boundaries pre 1909File:City of Sydney 1909-1949.png|Boundaries 1909-1949File:City of Sydney 1949-1968.png|Boundaries 1949-1968File:City of Sydney 1968-1982.png|Boundaries 1968-1982File:City of Sydney 1982-1988.png|Boundaries 1982-1988File:City of Sydney 1989-2003.png|Boundaries 1989-2003

Economy

Google has offices in the Pyrmontmarker suburb.

In 1975 Qantas was headquartered in the Qantas House in the City of Sydney.

Contains the Central Business District, with a prominent Financial hub surrounding Martin Place.

Politics

As noted above, the electoral boundary of the City of Sydney have been significantly altered by state governments on at least four occasions since 1945, with advantageous effect to the governing party in the New South Walesmarker Parliament at the time. Successive State governments of both major parties, the Labor Party and the Liberal Party, have re-drawn the electoral boundaries to include inner suburbs that are traditionally supportive of them, and to exclude suburbs that are traditionally hostile.

A 1987 Liberal re-organisation saw Sydney Council split, with southern suburbs forming a new South Sydney council. This was thought to advantage the Liberal government of the day, as the southern suburbs had traditionally voted Labor.

In 2004, the Labor State Government undid this change, again merging the councils of the City of Sydney and the City of South Sydney. Critics claimed that this was performed with the intention of creating a "super-council" which would be under the control of the Australian Labor Party (ALP), which also controlled the State Government. Subsequent to this merger, an election took place on 27 March 2004 which resulted in the independent candidate Clover Moore defeating the high-profile ALP candidate, former federal minister Michael Lee and winning the position of Lord Mayor. Critics of the merger claimed that this was a result of a voter backlash against the party for attempting to create the "super-council".

Sydney City Council is composed of nine councillors elected proportionally. The Lord Mayor is directly elected. The current makeup of the council, including the Lord Mayor, is as follows:

Party Councillors
  Clover Moore Independent Team 6
  The Greens 2
  Australian Labor Party 1
  Liberal Party of Australia 1
Total 10


The current council, elected in 2008, is:

Councillor Party Notes
  Clover Moore Clover Moore Independents Lord Mayor
  John McInerney Clover Moore Independents
  Chris Harris Greens
  Meredith Burgmann Labor
  Shayne Mallard Liberal
  Marcelle Hoff Clover Moore Independents Deputy Lord Mayor
  Phillip Black Clover Moore Independents
  Di Tornai Clover Moore Independents
  Robert Kok Clover Moore Independents
  Irene Doutney Greens


Sister cities

Sydney City Council maintains sister city relations with the following cities:

In addition, Sydney City Council has partnership agreements with these places:



See also



External links



References




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