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The City of Westminster ( ) is a London borough occupying much of the central area of Londonmarker, England, including most of the West Endmarker. It is located to the west of and adjoining the ancient City of Londonmarker, and its southern boundary is the River Thames. It is an Inner London borough and was created in 1965 when Greater Londonmarker was established. At its creation Westminster was awarded city status, which had been previously held by the smaller City of Westminstermarker metropolitan borough. Aside from a number of large parks and open spaces, the density of the district is high. It is the location of the London home of the British monarch at Buckingham Palacemarker and of the United Kingdom's government. The city is divided into a number of localities including the ancient political district of Westminstermarker around the Palace of Westminstermarker; the shopping areas around Oxford Streetmarker, Regent Streetmarker and Bond Streetmarker; and the night time entertainment district of Sohomarker. Much of the borough is residential and in 2008 it was estimated to have a population 236,000.

History

In 1965 the London borough was created from the former area of the metropolitan boroughs of St Marylebonemarker, Paddingtonmarker and the smaller City of Westminstermarker. The earlier Westminster metropolitan borough was itself the result of an amalgamation in 1900.

Demography

According to the 2001 census, the borough had a population of 181,279. Westminster City Council undertook several studies, supported by both political parties on the council, that indicated that this figure was too low. The Office for National Statistics eventually added 17,500 people to Westminster's population, increasing its grant from the United Kingdom Government. The official population is now 198,779, but some estimates put it at 220,000. 71% of the population are white, 16% any Asian ethnicity, 7% Black, 6% racially-mixed, and 4% belong to other racial groups. About 35% of households are occupied by their owners.

Politics

The city is divided into 20 wards. The council is composed of 49 Conservative Party members and 11 Labour Party members.

The council is known for its infamous "homes for votes" scandal. Shirley Porter was involved in the illegal "Building stable communities" exercise of the 1980s.

Evolution of Parliamentary representation Next election
1918 1950 1974 1979 1997


Summary results of elections

Overall control Conservative Labour Residents
2006 Conservative 48 12 -
2002 Conservative 48 12 -
1998 Conservative 47 13 -
1994 Conservative 45 15 -
1990 Conservative 45 15 -
1986 Conservative 32 27 1
1982 Conservative 43 16 1
1978 Conservative 39 19 2
1974 Conservative 37 23 -
1971 Conservative 37 23 -
1968 Conservative 55 5 -
1964 Conservative 41 19 -


Districts

The City of Westminster covers all or part of the following areas of London:

Economy

Hong Kong Economic and Trade Office, Londonmarker is located in Westminster. BP is headquartered in St. James'smarker, Westminster. Pearson PLC and subsidiary Penguin Group are headquartered in a facility in Westminster. Economist Group, publisher of The Economist and other materials, is headquartered in Westminster. SABMiller has its head office in Westminster.

Landmarks



Westminster contains many of the most famous sites in London. Some of the popular tourist sites are Buckingham Palacemarker, Palace of Westminstermarker (Houses of Parliament) and Big Benmarker and nearby Westminster Abbeymarker.

Parks and open spaces



These include Green Parkmarker, Hyde Parkmarker, Kensington Gardensmarker, Regent's Parkmarker and St James's Parkmarker. In addition to parks and open spaces within the borough, the City owns and maintains East Finchley Cemeterymarker and crematorium in the London Borough of Barnetmarker.

Transport

Bridges

These include Chelsea Bridgemarker, Hungerford Bridgemarker, Grosvenor Bridgemarker, Lambeth Bridgemarker, Vauxhall Bridgemarker, Waterloo Bridgemarker and Westminster Bridgemarker.

Main line stations

These are Charing Crossmarker, Marylebonemarker, Paddingtonmarker and Victoriamarker.

London Underground

The City of Westminster is served by 27 tube stations, and 10 of the 12 Underground lines (the East London line and Waterloo and City line are the exceptions).

Electric charging points

Westminster City Council now has electric vehicle charging points in 15 locations through the city (13 car parks and two on-street points). Users pay an annual fee to cover administration costs to register and use the points.

Education



Westminster Children's Services operates many community primary and secondary schools. In addition, several voluntary-aided Church of England (CE), Roman Catholic (RC), and Christian non-denominational (ND) schools are in the city.

Universities and colleges



Public libraries

The London Librarymarker, an independent lending library, is located at 14 St. James's Square in the City of Westminster.

The city operates one reference library, the Westminster Reference Library. City-operated public lending libraries in Westminster include the Charing Cross Library, the Church Street Library, the Maida Vale Library, the Marylbone Library, the Mayfair Library, the Paddington Library, the Pimlico Library, the Queen's Park Library, St. James's Library, St. John's Wood Library, and the Victoria Library. In addition the city has two specialist libraries, the Westminster Music Library, the largest music library in the United Kingdom, and the Westminster Chinese Library in the Charing Cross Library.

Gallery

Image:Gurkha Soldier Monument, London - April 2008.jpg|Statue of a Gurkha in City of Westminstermarker, Londonmarker.Image:Buckingham Palace, London, England, 24Jan04.jpg|Buckingham Palacemarker and the Victoria MemorialmarkerImage:WestminsterCathedralFull.jpg|Westminster CathedralmarkerImage:Nelson On His Column - Trafalgar Square - London - 240404.jpg|Nelson's Columnmarker in Trafalgar SquaremarkerImage:Piccadilly.jpg|The Shaftesbury Memorial in Piccadilly CircusmarkerImage:Hungerford Bridge, River Thames, London, England.jpg|Hungerford Bridgesmarker, seen from the northImage:St james park east.jpg|St James's Parkmarker Lake, looking east, with the London Eyemarker in the backgroundImage:St martin in the fields exterior.jpg|St Martin-in-the-FieldsmarkerImage:Chinatown.london.700px.jpg|Chinatownmarker in 2004.

See also



References

External links



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