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Ciudad Nezahualcóyotl (also spelled Nêzahaulkoiächktl or Ciudad Neza) is a city and seat of the municipality of Mexico Statemarker adjacent to the northeast corner of Mexicomarker's Federal District: it is thus part of the Mexico City Metropolitan Areamarker. It was named after Nezahualcoyotl, the Acolhua poet and king of nearby Texcocomarker, and was built on the drained bed of Lake Texcocomarker. The name Nezahualcóyotl comes from Nahuatl, meaning "fasting coyote".

Ciudad Nezahualcóyotl is nearly co-extensive with the municipality making the names interchangeable.

Ciudad Nezahualcóyotl has a population of 1,136,300, which is 99.6% of the municipal population of 1,140,528, according to the INEGI 2005 census. It is the second most populous municipality in the state of México, just below Ecatepecmarker, and the eighth largest in the country. It lies at 2,220 meters above sea level. It is also considered among the most dangerous places in Mexico, due to the rampant crime in the area.

History

The city is built on the lakebed of what was Lake Texcocomarker. Although operations to drain this lake, among a number of others, was begun shortly after the Conquest by the Spanish (to protect Mexico City from floods), it was not achieved until almost 300 years later when finally on March 17, 1900 it was proclaimed a success by President Porfirio Díaz.In 1945 the Xochiaca dam and the Tequixquiac tunnel were built, allowing for the first communities to be built in the area. Between 1956 and 1961, the number and size of communities had grown, including the community called "Nezahualcóyotl". In 1963, Nezahualcóyotl became the governing head of its own municipality.

Main sights and cultural points of interest

City of Netzahualcoyotl's location within the State of Mexico


The city is home to:

  • Stadium “José López Portillo”, built in 1981, which was the scene of some of the games of the 1986 FIFA World Cup; it has a capacity of 28,000.


  • Orquesta Sinfónica Infantil y Banda Sinfónica de Nezahualcóyotl ("Junior Symphony Orchestra and Symphony Band of Nezahualcóyotl"), created in 1998. It is composed of 45 members ranging in age from 6 to 17 years. It is the only organization of its type in the State of Mexico.


  • Centro Cultural "Jaime Torres Bodet" ("Cultural Center Jaime Torres Bodet"), inaugurated on Auguest 25, 1987.


  • Universidad Tecnológica de Nezahualcóyotl (UTN) (Technological University of Nezahualcóyotl), created by the Congress of the State of Mexico in 1991.


  • Palacio Municipal de Nezahualcóyotl (Municipal Palace) is the location of all government offices, built in a modern style.


  • Escuela Nacional de Estudios Profesionales Aragón UNAM. ENEP-Aragón (National School of Professional Studies- Aragón UNAM, part of the decentralization program of the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.


  • Catedral de Nezahualcóyotl, whose formal name is Catedral de Jesús Señor de la Divina Misericordia.


  • Parque-Zoológico de Nezahualcóyotl (Nezahualcóyotl Zoological Park)


Gallery

Image:PalacioMunicipalCdNeza.JPG|Front view of the "municipal palace" (main government building) of Ciudad NezahualcoyotlImage:EastPlazaCdNeza.JPG|View of east side of plaza in front of the Palacio MunicipalImage:WastPlazaCdNeza.JPG|West side of plaza in front of the Palacio Municipal, containing statue of Nezahualcoyotl, for whom the city is namedImage:StatueNezahualcoyotlCdNeza.JPG|Close up of statue of NezahualcoyotlImage:EstadioNeza86fromNorth.JPG|View of Estadio (stadium) Neza 86 from the north in Ciudad NezahualcoyotlImage:EntranceEstadioNeza86.JPG|View of main entrance of Estadio (stadium) Neza 86Image:EntranceUniTecdeNeza.JPG|Main entrance of Universidad Tecnologico de Nezahualcoyotl in Ciudad NezahualcoyotlImage:CiudadNezaHorseGarbageTruck.JPG|View of small residential street in Ciudad Nezahualcoyotl, Mexico with horse-drawn garbage "truck"Image:BicitaxiCdNeza.JPG|Back view of a "bicitaxi" (as identified by its license plate) from Ciudad Nezahualcoyotl

The municipality

As municipal seat, Ciudad Nezahualcóyotl has governing jurisdiction over the following communities: 17 de Junio , Colonia Gustavo Baz Prada, Escuela Laura Riojas de Colosio and Polígonos. The only significant community in the municipality is Colonia Gustavo Baz Prada, with a population of 3,819 people.

The municipality has an area of 63.44 km² (24.49 sq mi), 81% of which is Ciudad Neza. It borders Ecatepec de Morelosmarker, the Federal Reserve of Lake Texcoco, Gustavo A.marker Madero, D.F.marker, Venustiano Carranza, D.F.marker La Pazmarker, Chimalhuacánmarker, Atencomarker, Iztapalapa and Iztacalcomarker of Mexico City.

References



External links




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