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Claremont is a city in Sullivan Countymarker, New Hampshiremarker, United Statesmarker. The population was 13,151 at the 2000 census. (The estimated population in 2007 was 12,898.)

History

Sugar River falls c.
1905
It was named after Claremontmarker, the country mansion of Thomas Pelham-Holles, Earl of Clare. On October 26, 1764, Colonial Governor Benning Wentworth granted the township to Josiah Willard, Samuel Ashley and 67 others. Although first settled in 1762 by Moses Spafford and David Lynde, many of the proprietors arrived in 1767, with a large number from Farmingtonmarker, Hebronmarker and Colchestermarker, Connecticutmarker. The undulating surface of rich, gravelly loam made agriculture an early occupation.

It was water power from the Sugar Rivermarker, however, which brought the town prosperity during the Industrial Revolution. Large brick factories were built along the stream, including the Sunapee Mills, Monadnock Mills, Claremont Machine Works, Home Mills, Sanford & Rossiter, and Claremont Manufacturing Company. Principal products were cotton and woolen textiles, lathes and planers, as well as paper. Although like other New Englandmarker mill towns, much industry moved away or closed in the 20th century, the city's former prosperity is evident in some fine Victorian architecture, including the 1897 city hall and opera house.

In March, 1989, the Claremont School Board voted to initiate a lawsuit against the State of New Hampshire, claiming that the state's primary reliance upon local property taxes for funding education resulted in inequitable educational opportunities among children around the state and a violation of their constitutional rights. Following a lawsuit and a series of landmark decisions, the New Hampshire Supreme Courtmarker agreed. Known as "The Claremont Decision", the suit continues to drive the statewide debate on equitable funding for education; and Claremont continues to play a primary role in this legal challenge.

Image:Bird's-eye View, Claremont, NH.jpg|Bird's-eye view in c. 1910Image:Tremont Square, Claremont, NH.jpg|Tremont Square c. 1912Image:Monadnock Mills, Claremont, NH.jpg|Monadnock Mills in 1915

Geography

Claremont is located at (43.377207, -72.344555).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of , of which is land and is water, comprising 2.18% of the town. The Connecticut River forms the western boundary of the city, as well as the boundary between New Hampshire and Vermontmarker. The Sugar Rivermarker flows from east to west through the center of Claremont and empties into the Connecticut. The highest point in the city is the summit of Green Mountain, at above sea level. Claremont lies fully within the Connecticut River watershed.

Demographics

Sullivan Street c.
1910
As of the census of 2000, there were 13,151 people, 5,685 households, and 3,428 families residing in the city. The population density was 305.0 people per square mile (117.8/km²). There were 6,074 housing units at an average density of 140.9/sq mi (54.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.67% White, 0.31% African American, 0.33% Native American, 0.62% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.12% from other races, and 0.92% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.50% of the population.

There were 5,685 households out of which 27.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.5% were married couples living together, 10.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.7% were non-families. 32.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.86.
Ashley's Ferry c.
1906


In the city the population was spread out with 23.3% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 28.5% from 25 to 44, 23.5% from 45 to 64, and 16.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 92.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $34,949, and the median income for a family was $42,849. Males had a median income of $30,782 versus $22,078 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,267. About 5.4% of families and 10.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.2% of those under age 18 and 11.3% of those aged 65 or over.

Education

Claremont is part of New Hampshire's School Administrative Unit 6, or SAU 6. Stevens High Schoolmarker is the city's only public high school, and is located on Broad Street, just a few blocks from City Hall. Claremont Middle School, the city's only public middle school, is located just down the street to the south.

Claremont is home to three elementary schools: Maple Avenue School, Bluff Elementary and Disnard Elementary. Also located in town are St. Mary's School, a private, Catholic school, and the Claremont Christian Academy, a private, parochial school offering education through 12th grade.

Three elementary schools — North Street School, Way Elementary and the West Claremont Schoolhouse — were shut down, Way becoming home to several luxury apartments and North Street turned into offices.

The city's opportunities for higher education include a branch of Granite State College, a branch of the state community college system (River Valley Community College), and a Vocational Center. Additionally, Dartmouth Collegemarker, an Ivy League university, lies approximately to the north in Hanover, and Keene State Collegemarker, one of the major state schools, is located approximately to the south. Colby-Sawyer Collegemarker, Landmark College, Vermont Law Schoolmarker, and branches of the Community College of Vermont are all within an hour's drive.

Transportation

The only city within Sullivan Countymarker, Claremont has a small municipal airport. By highway, it is located 30 minutes south of Interstate 89 in Lebanon, New Hampshiremarker and 5 minutes east of Interstate 91 in Weathersfield, Vermontmarker. The town is crossed by New Hampshire Route 11, New Hampshire Route 12, New Hampshire Route 103, and New Hampshire Route 120. Amtrak, the national passenger rail system, provides daily service through Claremont, operating its Vermonter between Washington, D.C.marker and St. Albans, Vermontmarker.

Culture

A commercial area known as Washington Street is Claremont's primary commercial district. An Italian Renaissance-styled City Hall faces Broad Street Park, a rotary-style town square. This square connects Washington Street, Broad Street, and Main Street, each branching into different portions of the city. Broad Street Park contains war monuments to World War I, World War II, Korea and Vietnam, and Freedom Garden Memorial dedicated to the victims and families of September 11. The park is also home to a historic bandstand, which primarily serves as performance space for the Claremont American Band, a community band with roots in the 1800s. Parallel to Broad Street lies Pleasant Street, which was once a thriving commercial zone.

A number of mill buildings dot the city center, along the Sugar River, and several attempts have been made at historic preservation of some of them.

To the north end of the town lies the Valley Regional Hospitalmarker, an out-patient resource of the popular Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Centermarker of Lebanon, NHmarker.
Moody Park
On the southern artery out of Claremont, Route 12, was the large William H. H. Moody horse-farm, having five large barns (the last of which burned in 2004), which once hosted several hundred imported horses on over . Its Victorian farmhouse stands at the top of Arch Road. A multi-hundred-acre plot of land was donated by Moody to the city of Claremont for a city park, the entrance of which is on Maple Avenue; facilities include tennis. A lone access road leads through a coniferous forest to the top of a hill, maintained as a large field by the city, with a large, open-air stone structure suitable for picnics. The park has several miles of interconnected walking trailways; several of these trails terminate at the Boston and Maine Railroad.

In the media

Claremont was the filming location, though not the setting, of the 2006 movie Live Free or Die, co-written and co-directed by Gregg Kavet and Andy Robin and starring Aaron Stanford, Paul Schneider, Michael Rapaport, Judah Friedlander, Kevin Dunn, and Zooey Deschanel. Set in fictional Rutland, New Hampshire, it is a picaresque comedy-drama about a small-town would-be crime legend.

Sites of interest



Notable residents



References

  1. A. J. Coolidge & J. B. Mansfield, A History and Description of New England; Boston, Massachusetts 1859
  2. A. J. Coolidge & J. B. Mansfield, A History and Description of New England; Boston, Massachusetts 1859
  3. Claremont Coalition


External links




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