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Map of the city in 1890

The grain elevator in Clarendon

Clarendon is a city in Donley Countymarker, Texasmarker, United Statesmarker. The population was 1,974 at the 2000 census. The county seat of Donley Countymarker, Clarendon is located on United States Highway 287 in the Texas Panhandlemarker some sixty miles east of Amarillomarker. It was established in 1878 by Methodist clergyman L.H. Carhart as a "sobriety settlement" in contrast to typical boom towns of that era. It acquired the sobriquet "Saints Roost" from local cowboys: hence the unusual name of the Clarendon museum, the Saints' Roost Museum.

Notable residents

For a community of such small population, Clarendon has been the home of numerous notable persons.

  • JA Ranch matriarch Cornelia Wadsworth Ritchie Adair maintained a house in Clarendon and was a benefactor of many Donley County charities. The Saints' Roost Museum in Clarendon is the restoration of her former Adair Hospital. She was active too in the Episcopal Church in Clarendon. She also maintained residences in Englandmarker, having become a naturalized British subject, and in Irelandmarker, where she lived part of the year at her late husband's Glenveagh Castlemarker. She is buried in Ireland.

  • Harold Dow Bugbee, artist of ranching on the Texas South Plainsmarker and the Panhandle, maintained his family near Clarendon. He was also the art curator of the Panhandle-Plains Museum for many years prior to his death in 1963. Bugbee's second wife, Olive Vandruff Bugbee, an artist in her own right, lived at the Harold Dow Bugbee Ranch from the time of her brief marriage to Bugbee in 1961 until her death in 2003. The couple left the ranch estate to the Panhandle Plains Museum.


Clarendon is located at (34.936415, -100.891182) .

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.0 square miles (7.8 km²), of which, 2.9 square miles (7.5 km²) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.3 km²) of it (3.32%) is water.


As of the census of 2000, there were 1,974 people, 768 households, and 489 families residing in the city. The population density was 679.0 people per square mile (261.9/km²). There were 929 housing units at an average density of 319.5/sq mi (123.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 87.49% White, 7.19% African American, 0.76% Native American, 0.15% Asian, 2.99% from other races, and 1.42% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.23% of the population.

There were 768 households out of which 28.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.4% were married couples living together, 10.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.3% were non-families. 34.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 20.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 2.97.

In the city the population was spread out with 23.5% under the age of 18, 13.9% from 18 to 24, 21.7% from 25 to 44, 21.0% from 45 to 64, and 19.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 89.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $27,824, and the median income for a family was $37,083. Males had a median income of $25,486 versus $18,882 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,436. About 11.2% of families and 15.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.0% of those under age 18 and 19.9% of those age 65 or over.


The City of Clarendon is served by the Clarendon Consolidated Independent School District.

Mascot: Broncos

Colors: Maroon/White/Black


Clarendon is home to Clarendon College (established 1898) the oldest center of higher education in the Texas Panhandle. It was originally affiliated with the Methodist Church. The college is located on Highway 287 in north Clarendon.

Mascot: Bulldogs

Colors: Green/White

The Saints' Roost Museum houses artifact of the early years of Clarendon and features exhibits on Goodnight, Bugbee, the Red River War, and the Fort Worth and Denver Railway depot.

The local newspaper is the Clarendon Enterprise.


  1. Texas Online: Clarendon, Texas
  2. C. H. Long, Jr., exhibit, Panhandle-Plains Historical Museum at Canyon
  3. Tulsa World: Deaths

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