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Clarinda is a city in and the county seat of Page Countymarker, Iowamarker, United Statesmarker. The population was 5,690 at the 2000 census.

History

Clarinda was founded in 1851. Many stories are told of such notables as Jesse James frequently passing through.

It is named for Clarinda Buck who according to legend had carried water to the surveyors when Page County was first being surveyed.

In 1943 during World War II, an internment camp designed for 3,000 prisoners of war with 60 barracks and a 150 bed hospital was built in Clarinda. German prisoners were the first to arrive in Camp Clarinda followed by Italian and Japanese POWs in 1945.

Camp Clarinda was located by what today is the town's municipal airport Schenck Field (named for aviator/farmer Ray Schenck who built the original Clarinda airport on the location).

Geography

Clarinda is located at (40.737599, -95.035928) along the West Nodaway River just north of the confluence of the East Nodaway River.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.2 square miles (13.5 km²), of which, 5.2 square miles (13.4 km²) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km²) of it (0.57%) is water.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 5,690 people, 2,017 households, and 1,246 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,096.1 people per square mile (423.3/km²). There were 2,188 housing units at an average density of 421.5/sq mi (162.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 92.02% White, 4.62% African American, 0.65% Native American, 1.09% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.51% from other races, and 1.07% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.41% of the population.

There were 2,017 households out of which 27.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.4% were married couples living together, 9.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.2% were non-families. 34.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.21 and the average family size was 2.83.

In the city the population was spread out with 22.1% under the age of 18, 9.3% from 18 to 24, 29.8% from 25 to 44, 19.5% from 45 to 64, and 19.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 121.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 122.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $35,871, and the median income for a family was $43,654. Males had a median income of $35,061 versus $23,635 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,136. About 9.9% of families and 16.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.2% of those under age 18 and 6.6% of those age 65 or over.

Notable natives



Economy

NSK-AKS (a subsidiary of the Japanese corporation NSK Ltd.) operates a manufacturing plant in Clarinda that produces ball and roller bearings.

Lisle Corporation, which makes hand tools and garage creepers for auto mechanics, was founded in Clarinda in 1903.

A large mental health center, the Clarinda Treatment Complex, is located on the north edge of the city.

Sports

Clarinda is the home of the Clarinda A's, a summer amateur baseball team. The team won the 1981 National Baseball Congress championship. It has sent several players on to the major leagues, notably hall of famer Ozzie Smith, who regularly returns to Clarinda for special events.

Education

Clarinda is home to a campus of Iowa Western Community College and the Clarinda Academy, a residential foster care facility that provides residential treatment and shelter care to at-risk and delinquent male and female youth from several states.

References

  1. http://www.iowacounties.org/Corporate%20Opportunities/About%20Us/AboutCoGov/County%20Pages/Page.htm
  2. Sullivan, Ken. - "POW camps - Thousands of German prisoners held during war in Iowa, Midwest". - The Gazette. - December 16, 2001. | - Kilen, Mike. - "When War Marched Into Iowa". - Des Moines Register. - September 23, 2007.
  3. NSK Corporation U.S. Facilities. - NSK Ltd..
  4. Ford, George C. - "U.S., Japanese firms share need for skilled, educated work force". The Gazette. - September 25, 1994.
  5. Gray, Rob. - "Smith remembers days as `Osborne' in Clarinda". - Des Moines Register. - January 20, 2002. | - Clark, Bill. - "Town proves baseball still is America's game". - Columbia Daily Tribune. - January 14, 2009.


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