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Classification of indigenous peoples of the Americas: Map

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Early Indian languages in the US
Early Indian languages in Alaska


Ethnographers commonly classify indigenous peoples in the United Statesmarker and Canadamarker into ten geographical regions with shared cultural traits (called cultural areas). The following list groups peoples by their region of origin, followed by the current location. See the individual article on each tribe or First Nation for a history of their movements. See the List of Native American Tribal Entities for the United States' official list of recognized Native American tribes. The regions are:

Canada, Greenland, and United States

Inuktitut dialect map

Arctic



Subarctic

Distribution of Cree peoples


California

Niprise


Northeast Woodlands



Great Basin



Plateau



Northwest Coast



Plains



Southeast



Southwest



Latin America and the Caribbeanmarker

The indigenous peoples of Central and South America are generally classified by language, environment, and cultural similarities.

Caribbeanmarker



Mesoamerica



Aridoamerica



South America

Andean



Sub-Andean



Western Amazon



Central Amazon



Eastern and Southern Amazon



Gran Chaco



Southern Cone



Languages



Genetic classification

Haplogroup Q1a3a is a Y Chromosome haplogroup generally associated with the Indigenous peoples of the Americas. The Q1a3a-M3 mutation is on the Q lineage roughly 10 to 15 thousand years ago, as the migration throwout the Americas was underway by the early Paleo-Indians.

Notes

  1. Sturtevant and Trigger, 241
  2. Sturtevant and Trigger, 255
  3. Sturtevant and Trigger, 198
  4. Sturtevant and Trigger, 198
  5. Sturtevant and Trigger, 161
  6. Sturtevant and Trigger, 96
  7. Sturtevant and Fogelson, 374
  8. Sturtevant and Fogelson, 69
  9. Sturtevant and Fogelson, 205
  10. Sturtevant and Fogelson, ix
  11. Sturtevant and Fogelson, 214
  12. Sturtevant and Fogelson, 673
  13. Sturtevant and Fogelson, 81-82
  14. Sturtevant and Fogelson, 315
  15. Sturtevant, 617
  16. Frank, Andrew K. Indian Removal. Oklahoma Historical Society's Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. (retrieved 10 July 2009)
  17. Sturtevant and Fogelson, 293
  18. Sturtevant and Fogelson, 188
  19. Sturtevant and Fogelson, 598-9
  20. Sturtevant and Fogelson, 290
  21. Sturtevant and Fogelson, 291
  22. Sturtevant and Fogelson, 302
  23. Haliwa-Saponi Tribe. (retrieved 10 July 2009)
  24. Hahn 1993
  25. Sturtevant and Fogelson, 598-9
  26. Sturtevant and Fogelson, 78, 668
  27. Hahn 1996, 5-13
  28. Hahn 1996, 5-13
  29. Hahn 1996, 5-13
  30. Hahn 1996, 5-13
  31. Hahn 1996, 5-13
  32. Hahn 1996, 5-13
  33. Hahn 1996, 5-13
  34. Hahn 1996, 5-13
  35. Hahn 1996, 5-13
  36. Hahn 1996, 5-13
  37. Hahn 1996, 5-13
  38. Hahn 1996, 5-13
  39. Hahn 1996, 5-13
  40. Hahn 1996, 5-13
  41. Hahn 1996, 5-13
  42. Hann 2003:11
  43. Sturtevant and Fogelson, 190


References

  • Hann, John H. "The Mayaca and Jororo and Missions to Them", in McEwan, Bonnie G. ed. The Spanish Missions of "La Florida". Gainesville, Florida: University Press of Florida. 1993. ISBN 0-8130-1232-5.
  • Hahn, John H. A History of the Timucua Indians and Missions. Gainesville, Florida: University Press of Florida, 1996. ISBN 0-8130-1424-7.
  • Hann, John H. (2003). Indians of Central and South Florida: 1513-1763. University Press of Florida. ISBN0-8130-2645-8
  • Sturtevant, William C., general editor and Bruce G. Trigger, volume editor. Handbook of North American Indians: Northeast. Volume 15. Washington DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1978. ASIN B000NOYRRA.
  • Sturtevant, William C., general editor and Raymond D. Fogelson, volume editor. Handbook of North American Indians: Southeast. Volume 14. Washington DC: Smithsonian Institution, 2004. ISBN 0-16-072300-0.



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