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Cleator Moor is a small town and civil parish in the Englishmarker county of Cumbriamarker and within the boundaries of the traditional county of Cumberlandmarker.

The town's skyline is dominated by Dent Fellmarker and the town is located on the 190 mile Coast to Coast Walk that spans the North of England. On the outskirts of the town of Cleator Moor lies the village of Cleatormarker with which the town is closely associated; though Cleator has a separate post code (CA23).

Industry

Historically located within Cumberlandmarker, the town was based around the iron works industry and was served in this capacity by the Cleator & Workington junction railway. The town had several iron ore mines. Some parts of the town have been demolished due to underming in the area, most notably the original Montreal Primary School and the whole of Montreal Street on which it stood.

The influx of Irishmarker workers gave the town the nickname Little Ireland. World War I and World War II saw a fresh influx of immigrants from mainland Europe join the settled Irish community.

In 1938 Jakob Spreiregen founded the company Kangol in Cleator, situated across the road from St Mary's Church. The original factory building still stands though manufacturing has since transferred to the Kangol factory in Panyu, Guangzhoumarker, Guandong, Chinamarker. Although manufacturing on the site has ended the factory shop remains open until the end of August 2009 and there are talks of redeveloping the site as a tourist attraction.

With the decline of traditional industries the town's economy is now dependent on the nearby Sellafieldmarker complex, which provides employment to half the town's people.

Transport

Cleator Moor formerly had two railway stations - Cleator Moor East on the Whitehaven, Cleator and Egremont Railway and Cleator Moor West on the Cleator and Workington Junction Railway but both stations closed in 1931.

Bus service number 22 links Cleator Moor to Whitehavenmarker and Egremontmarker. Bus services 17 & 31 also pass through the town. .

Sectarian troubles (19th century)

Following the Irish Potato Famine in the 1840s and the rise of the Orange Order Cleator Moor found itself for a short period at the centre of sectarian troubles in the UK. In April 1871 several hundred Cleator Moor miners entered neighbouring Whitehavenmarker and attacked "Anti-Popery" campaigner William Murphy pushing him down the stairs of the Oddfellows Hall. The following year Murphy died, possibly as a result of his injuries. On 12 July 1884 the combined Orange Lodges of Cumberlandmarker, marched through the town of Cleator Moor to in commemoration of the Battle of the Boyne leading to riots and the death of local postal messenger, Henry Tumelty, a 17-year-old Catholic, with others listed as having received injuries from bullets, cutlasses and pikes. Local Catholics later took revenge on members of the Orange Order living in the town.

Church

The E. W. Pugin designed Catholic church St Mary's was consecrated in 1872, replacing the earlier mission church built in 1853. The grounds are home to a meditative walk on the Stations of the Cross and Our Lady's Grotto, a replica of the Grotto at Lourdesmarker, Francemarker.

Education

The town's secondary school, Ehenside School, closed in August 2008 after being open for 50 years, along with Wyndham Schoolmarker, in order to make way for the West Lakes Academy, which is initially using the Wyndham School buildings until a new academy building is constructed.

Sport

Local ARLFC team the Wath Brow Hornets won the GMB Union National cup in 2004 and 2005. Local AFC team Cleator Moor Celtic F.C. won the County Cup in 1999. The team has supplied players to Sheffield Wednesday FC, Blackpool FC, Ipswich Town FC and Carlisle United FC. England and former Liverpool FC goalkeeper Scott Carson, who is presently playing for West Brom, was once a member of the team.

Notable people

International soprano Joan Rodgers was born and raised in Cleator Moor.

During the 1950s, Cleator Moor and Cleator were regularly visited by the artist L. S. Lowry, who painted local scenes.

The military adventurer, Andrew Belton, was born in Cleator Moor in 1882.

References

External links




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