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Cleveland is a city in Bradley Countymarker, Tennesseemarker, United Statesmarker. The population was 37,192 at the 2000 census. It is the county seat of Bradley Countymarker . It is the principal city of and is included in the Cleveland, Tennessee Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is included in the Chattanooga, Tennesseemarker-Cleveland, Tennessee Combined Statistical Area.

Geography

Cleveland is located at . The city is situated among a series of low hills roughly 15 miles west of the Appalachian Mountainsmarker and 15 miles east of the Chickamauga Lakemarker impoundment of the Tennessee River. The Hiwassee Rivermarker, which flows down out of the mountains and forms the northern boundary of Bradley County, empties into the Tennessee a few miles northwest of Cleveland.

Cleveland is centered around U.S. Route 11(Lee Highway)'s intersection with several state and federal highways. U.S. Route 64 connects Cleveland with Murphy, North Carolinamarker to the east and the Chattanoogamarker area to the southwest. TN State Route 60 connects Cleveland with Daytonmarker to the northwest and Georgiamarker to the southeast, where the road becomes GA State Route 71. Interstate 75 passes just to the west of Cleveland, connecting the area with Knoxville and Chattanooga.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 25.0 square miles (64.6 km2), all land.

Demographics

Location of the Cleveland Metropolitan Statistical Area in Tennessee


Cleveland is the principal city of the Cleveland Metropolitan Statistical Areamarker, a metropolitan area that covers Bradley and Polkmarker counties and had a combined population of 104,015 at the 2000 census.

As of the census of 2000, there were 37,192 people, 15,037 households, and 9,518 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,490.9 people per square mile (575.5/km2). There were 16,431 housing units at an average density of 658.7/sq mi (254.3/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 89.00% White, 7.01% African American, 0.23% Native American, 0.97% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.29% from other races, and 1.46% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.87% of the population.

There were 15,037 households out of which 28.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.6% were married couples living together, 13.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.7% were non-families. 30.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.90.

In the city the population was spread out with 21.9% under the age of 18, 15.4% from 18 to 24, 27.6% from 25 to 44, 21.2% from 45 to 64, and 13.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 89.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $30,098, and the median income for a family was $40,150. Males had a median income of $30,763 versus $21,480 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,316. About 11.3% of families and 16.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.5% of those under age 18 and 14.3% of those age 65 or over.

Economy

Ocoee Street


According to the Cleveland Chamber of Commerce, Cleveland is home to several industries, including household cooking equipment, foodstuff, textiles, furniture, storage batteries, pharmaceuticals, industrial cleaning products, photographic processing, industrial and domestic chemicals, and automotive parts. Industry is served by the Norfolk Southern Railway.

The city is also home to Cleveland State Community College, a unit of the Tennessee Board of Regents, as well as Lee Universitymarker, a private, four-year university.

Cleveland is the location for the corporate headquarters of Life Care Centers of America, the largest privately-held nursing facility company in the U.S.

Check Into Cash, the largest privately-held payday advance company in the United States was founded in Cleveland in 1993.

Religion

Broad Street United Methodist Church


Numerous Christian denominations are represented in the city, including several for which Cleveland serves as the international headquarters. Denominations based in Cleveland include:

Several churches in Downtown Cleveland are of notable architecture, including the Romanesque-style Broad Street United Methodist Church, the First Presbyterian Church on Ocoee Street, and St. Luke's Episcopal Church, which was built in the Gothic style by architect Peter Williamson. All three are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

History

The bell of the former Bradley County Courthouse bell tower


Cleveland was established in 1837 as a county seat for Bradley County, which had been created the previous year. The town was named after Colonel Benjamin Cleveland, a commander at the Battle of Kings Mountainmarker during the American Revolution.

In 1819, the Cherokee Agency— the official liaison between the U.S. government and the Cherokee Nation— was moved to the Hiwassee area, a few miles north of what is now Cleveland. The Cherokee Agent at the time, Colonel Return J. Meigs, owned a large tract of land between the Cleveland area and the town of Charlestonmarker. Charleston and Blythe's Ferry (about 15 miles west of Cleveland) would both figure prominently in the Cherokee Removal in the late 1830s.

Notable people from Cleveland



References

  1. METROPOLITAN STATISTICAL AREAS AND COMPONENTS, Office of Management and Budget, 2007-05-11. Accessed 2008-07-30.
  2. [1] Cleveland Chamber of Commerce
  3. Kim Christensen, More in middle class using payday lenders, Los Angeles Times, December 24, 2008
  4. " Goodspeed's History of Bradley County, Tennessee," originally published in 1887. Transcribed for web content and maintained by TNGenWeb - Bradley County. Retrieved: 30 December 2007.
  5. " Goodspeed's History of Bradley County, Tennessee" (1887).
  6. " RAB Hall of Fame - Stan Beaver." Retrieved: 23 April 2008.
  7. " Athens Area Council for the Arts." Retrieved: 23 April 2008.
  8. " Christian Concert Authority - Phil Driscoll Interview." Retrieved: 23 April 2008.
  9. " American Bandmasters - David Holsinger." Retrieved: 23 April 2008.
  10. " Paul Huff: Native Hero." Retrieved: 23 April 2008.
  11. " WBCA 2001 High School All-Americans." Retrieved: 23 April 2008.
  12. Avalon
  13. " Lee University - Phil Stacey & American Idol." Retrieved: 23 April 2008.


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