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Sir Cliff Richard OBE (born Harry Rodger Webb on 14 October 1940) is an Indianmarker born Englishmarker singer-songwriter and entrepreneur.

With his backing group The Shadows, Richard dominated the British popular music scene in the late 1950s and early 1960s, before and during The Beatles' first year in the charts. A conversion to Christianity and subsequent softening of his music led to his having more of a pop than rock image. He never achieved the same impact in the United States despite several chart singles there, but he has remained a popular music, film, and television personality in the United Kingdom and he retains a following in other countries.

During six decades, Cliff Richard has charted many singles, and holds the record (with Elvis Presley) as the only act to make the UK singles charts in all of its decades (1950s–2000s). He is the only singer to have had a number one single in the UK in five consecutive decades, doing so from the 1950s through to the 1990s. On the British charts, Richard has had more than 130 [single], albums and EPs make the top 20, more than any other artist. He has sold more than 250 million records.

Biography

1940–58: Childhood

Cliff Richard was born to Anglo-Indian parents, at the King George Hospital, Victoria Street, in Lucknowmarker, British India, to Rodger Oscar Webb, a manager for a catering contractor that serviced the big Indian Railways, and Dorothy Marie (born Dazely) Webb. Cliff's father was 17 years senior to his mother. He was christened on 2 November, 1940 at St Thomas' Church, Dehradunmarker, India. In 1948, following Indian independence, the family moved to England. The Webbs moved from comparative wealth in India where they had servants and lived in a company supplied flat at Howrahmarker near Calcuttamarker, to the semi-detached house of Harry's grandmother in Carshaltonmarker, Surrey. In 1949 his father obtained employment in the credit control office of Thorn Electrical Industries and the family moved in with other relatives in Hertfordshiremarker until a three-bedroom council house in Cheshuntmarker was allocated to them in 1950. Harry then attended Riversmead School (which was later renamed Bishopslea School) from 1952 to 1957. As a member of the top stream he stayed on beyond the mimimum leaving age to take GCE Ordinary Level examinations and he gained a pass in English. He then started work as a filing clerk for a company called Atlas Lamps.

Webb became interested in skiffle, his father bought him a guitar at 16 and he formed the Quintones vocal group in 1957. He then sang in the Dick Teague Skiffle Group.

1958–1963: Success and stardom

Harry Webb became lead singer of a rock and roll group, The Drifters (not to be confused with the U.S. group of the same name). Before their first large scale appearance, at the Regal Ballroom in Ripley, Derbyshiremarker, in 1958, they adopted the name "Cliff Richard and the Drifters". The four members were Webb, Ian "Sammy" Samwell on guitar, Terry Smart on drums and Norman Mitham on guitar. None of the other three played with the later and better known Shadows, although Samwell wrote songs for Richard's later career.

For his début session, Norrie Paramor provided Richard with "Schoolboy Crush", a cover songway to Richard's house for a rehearsal. For the Move It session Paramor used the session guitarist cover of an American record by Bobby Helms. Richard was permitted to record one of his own songs for the B-side; this was "Move It", written by the Drifters' Samwell on a number 715 Green Line bus on lead-guitar and Frank Clark on bass.

There are a number of stories about why the A-side was replaced by the intended B-side. One is that Norrie Paramor's young daughter raved about the B-side; another was that influential TV producer Jack Good, who used the act for his TV show Oh Boy!, wanted the only song on his show to be "Move It".

The single went to No. 2 on the UK charts. Music critics Roy Carr and Tony Tyler wrote that it was the first genuine British rock classic, followed by Johnny Kidd and the Pirates' "Shakin' All Over". John Lennon was quoted as saying that "Move It" was the first English rock record.

In the early days, Cliff Richard was marketed as the British equivalent to Elvis Presley. As did previous British rockers such as Tommy Steele and Marty Wilde, Richard adopted Presley-like dress and hairstyle. In performance he struck a pose of rock attitude, rarely smiling or looking at the audience or camera. His late 1958 and early 1959 follow-up singles, "High Class Baby" and "Livin' Lovin' Doll", were followed by "Mean Streak", which carried a rocker's sense of speed and passion, and Lionel Bart's "Living Doll". It was on "Living Doll" that the Drifters began to back Richard on record. By that time the group's lineup had changed with the arrival of Jet Harris, Tony Meehan, Hank Marvin, and Bruce Welch. The group was obliged to change its name to "The Shadows" after legal complications with the U.S. Drifters as "Living Doll" entered the American top 40, licensed by ABC-Paramount. Living doll was used in his debut film Serious Charge,but as a country standard,rather than a rock n roll standard.

The Shadows were not a typical backing group. They would become contractually separate from Richard, and the group received no royalties for records backing Richard. In 1959, The Shadows (then still the Drifters) landed an EMI recording contract of their own, for independent recordings. That year, they released three singles, two of which featured double-sided vocals and one of which had instrumental A and B sides. In 1960, they recorded and released "Apache". Reaching the top of the charts in more than one country, the single set The Shadows on a path of their own. They thereafter had several major hits, including five UK No. 1s. The band also continued to appear and record with Richard and wrote many of his hits. On more than one occasion, a Shadows' instrumental replaced a Richard song at the top of the British charts.

Richard's fifth single "Living Doll" triggered a softer, more relaxed, sound. Subsequent hits, the No. 1s "Travellin' Light" and "I Love You" and also "A Voice in the Wilderness" and "Theme for a Dream" cemented Richard's status as a mainstream pop entertainer along with contemporaries such as Adam Faith and Billy Fury. Throughout the early sixties his hits were consistently in the top five.

Typically, The Shadows closed the first half of the show with a 30-minute set of their own, then backed Richard on his show-closing 45-minute stint. Tony Meehan and Jet Harris left the group in 1961 and 1962 respectively and later had their own chart successes for Decca. The Shadows added bass players and took on Brian Bennett on drums.

In the early days, Richard sometimes recorded without The Shadows in order to cater to other styles. Even after the Beatles' rise he continued to achieve hits, although more often with an orchestra rather than The Shadows: a revival of "It's All In The Game" and "Constantly". A session under the direction of Billy Sherrill in Nashvillemarker yielded two more top two hits: "The Minute You're Gone" and "Wind Me Up" in 1965.

Cliff Richard and in particular, The Shadows never achieved star status in the United States. In 1960 they toured the U.S. and were well-received; however, lacklustre support and distribution from a revolving door of American record labels proved an obstacle to long-term success Stateside despite several chart records by Cliff including the aforementioned "It's All In The Game" on Epic, via a renewed linking of the worldwide Columbia labels after Philips ended its distribution deal with CBS. To the Shadows' chagrin, Apache reached #1 in The U. S. via a cover version by Danish guitarist Jorgen Ingmann which was virtually unchanged from their worldwide hit, save a sound effect Ingmann added evoking whooshing arrows in flight created by flicking his fingers on the fretboard. Cliff and the band appeared on The Ed Sullivan Show, which was crucial for The Beatles', but these performances did not help them gain sustained success in North America.

Richard and The Shadows appeared in six feature films, including a rather odd début in the 1959 film Serious Charge but most notably in The Young Ones, (the title song being his biggest hit up to "Mistletoe and Wine"); Summer Holiday (which featured a slimmed-down Richard with visible dancing skills), Wonderful Life and Finders Keepers. These films created their own genre known as the "Cliff Richard musical" and led to Richard being named the number one cinema box office attraction in Britain for both 1962 and 1963. The irreverent 1980s TV sitcom The Young Ones took its name from Richard's 1962 movie, and also made references to the singer. In 1966, Richard and the Shadows appeared as marionettes in the Gerry Anderson film Thunderbirds Are GO. In the summer of 1963 Cliff and the Shadows appeared for a season in Blackpoolmarker, where Cliff had his portrait modelled by Victor Heyfron, M.A.

1964–1975: Changing circumstances

As with the other existing rock acts in Britain, Richard's career was affected by the sudden advent of The Beatles and the Mersey sound in 1963 and 1964. However, his popularity was established enough to allow him to weather the storm and continue to have hits in the charts throughout the 1960s, albeit not at the level that he had enjoyed before. Nor did doors open to him in the U.S. market; he was not considered part of the British Invasion, despite four Hot 100 hits (including the top 25 "It's All In The Game") between August 1963 and August 1964, the U.S. public had little awareness of him. However, he continued having international hits, including 1967's "The Day I Met Marie", which reached #10 in the UK Singles Chart and #5 in the Australian charts, and is considered a quintessential summer hit, due to its summery nature.

Although baptised as an Anglican, Richard did not appear to practise the faith in his early years. However, in 1964, he became an active Christian and this conversion has become an important aspect of his life. Standing up publicly as a Christian affected his career in several ways. Initially, he believed that he should quit rock 'n roll, feeling he could no longer be the rocker who had been called a "crude exhibitionist" and "too sexy for TV" and a threat to parents' daughters. However, by the time Richard converted, his image had become tamer due to his film roles and well-spoken manners on radio and TV. Richard intended at first to 'reform his ways' and become a teacher, but Christian friends advised him not to abandon his career just because he had become a Christian. Soon after, Cliff Richard re-emerged, performing with Christian groups and recording some Christian material. He still recorded secular songs with the Shadows, but devoted a lot of his time to Christian work, including appearances with the Billy Graham crusades. As time progressed, Richard balanced his faith and work, enabling him to remain one of the most popular singers in Britain as well as one of its best-known Christians. He was a leading figure in the Nationwide Festival of Light during 1971, protesting against the commercial exploitation of sex and violence in Britain, and advocating the teaching of Christ as the key to recovering moral stability in the nation.

Cliff Richard's first serious acting role took place in the 1967 film Two a Penny, released by Billy Graham's World Wide Pictures, in which he played a young man who gets involved in drug dealing while questioning his life after his girlfriend changes her attitude. He released the live album "Cliff in Japan", which featured Olivia Newton-John as backing singer and John Farrar on guitar (Farrar would later be Newton-John's producer).

Also in 1968 he sang the UK's entry in the Eurovision Song Contest: "Congratulations" by Bill Martin and Phil Coulter; it lost by just one point to Spain's "La La La". According to John Kennedy O'Connor's The Eurovision Song Contest — The Official History, this was the closest yet result in the contest and Richard locked himself in the toilet to avoid the nerves of the voting. In May 2008 a Reuters news report claimed that voting in the competition had been fixed by the host country's dictator leader, Francisco Franco, to ensure that the Spanish entry won, allowing them to host the contest the following year (1969). In particular, it is claimed that Spanish TVE television executives offered to buy programmes in exchange for votes..This has not been proved beyond doubt, but it is thought likely. The story was widely covered and featured on UK Channel 4 News as a main story, with Jon Snow interviewing author and historian John Kennedy O'Connor about the matter. Eurovision later ended voting by national juries in a bid to eradicate such alleged scams. Nevertheless, "Congratulations" was a huge hit throughout Europe and yet another No.1 in April 1968.

In 1973 he sang the British entry Power to All Our Friends; the song finished third, close behind Luxembourg's "Tu Te Reconnaîtras" and Spain's "Eres Tú". This time, Richard took Valium in order to overcome his nerves and his manager was almost unable to wake him for the performance. Richard also hosted the BBC's qualifying heat for the Eurovision Song Contest, "A Song for Europe," in 1970, 1971 and 1972 as part of his BBCTV variety series. He presented the Eurovision preview programmes for the BBC in 1971 and 1972.

After the Shadows split in 1968, Richard continued to record. He had already become accustomed to the Shadows' absence, and was able to record in a variety of settings. Although many of his earliest fans regretted that Richard had tried out songs which were not strictly in the rock 'n roll genre, most had got used to his habit of recording rockier material with the Shadows, while producing more middle-of-the-road material at other times; this versatility extended Richard's career prospects.

During the 1970s, Richard took part in television shows, such as It's Cliff, many of which also starred Hank Marvin and Una Stubbs, and which included A Song for Europe. These shows, for a time, branded Cliff Richard as a television personality more than a recording artist. In 1972, he made a short BBC television comedy film called The Case with appearances from comedians and his first-ever duets with a woman, Olivia Newton-John. In 1973 he starred in the film Take Me High.

1976–1994: Comeback

In 1976 the decision was made to repackage Cliff Richard as a "rock" artist. That year he produced the landmark album I'm Nearly Famous, which included the successful but controversial guitar-driven track "Devil Woman" (Richard's first true hit in the United States) and the ballad "Miss You Nights". Richard's fans were excited about this revival of a performer who had been a part of British rock from its early days. Many music names such as Jimmy Page, Eric Clapton, and Elton John were seen sporting I'm Nearly Famous badges, pleased that their boyhood idol was getting back into the heavier rock in which he had begun his career.

Notwithstanding this, Richard continued to release Gospel-tinged albums in parallel with his rock and pop albums, for example: Small Corners from 1978 contained the single "Yes He Lives". Despite his 1976 comeback, this single failed to chart in the United Kingdom. In 1980, the singer officially changed his name by deed poll from Harry Webb to Cliff Richard.

In 1979, Richard teamed up with the producer Bruce Welch for the pop hit single "We Don't Talk Anymore", which hit #1 in the UK and #7 in the U.S. Brian Ferry added the backing vocals to the song, however, he only hummed the backing vocals, he didn't actually ever sing. The record gave Richard the distinction of becoming the first act to reach the Hot 100 in the 1980s who had also reached the Hot 100 in each of the three previous decades. The song was quickly added onto the end of his latest album Rock 'n' Roll Juvenile. It was his first time at the top of the UK singles chart in over ten years, and the song would become his biggest-selling single ever. The accompanying music video was the sixth to appear on American cable channel MTV when it débuted Aug. 1, 1981.

At long last he had some extended success in the United States following "Devil Woman". The follow-up "Dreaming" also reached the top ten, peaking at #10. His 1980 duet "Suddenly" with Olivia Newton-John, from the film Xanadu, was a Top 20 hit in America, peaking at #20. Richard continued with a string of top ten albums, including I'm No Hero, Wired For Sound, Now You See Me, Now You Don't, and, marking his 25th year in show business, Silver. The singles chart also saw his most consistent period of top twenty hits since the mid 1960s, with three of them on the Hot 100 at the same time at the end of 1980. His 1985 single "She's So Beautiful" reached No.17 in the UK. 1987 saw Richard record his Always Guaranteed album, which became his best selling album of all new material. It contained the two top ten hit singles, "My Pretty One" and "Some People". Richard concluded his thirtieth year in music in spectacular chart style, reaching number one on the British singles chart with "Mistletoe and Wine", while simultaneously holding the number one positions on the album and video charts with the compilation Private Collection summing up his biggest hits from 1979-1988. "Mistletoe and Wine" was his biggest seller to that point.

In 1986, Richard teamed up with The Young Ones to re-record his smash hit "Living Doll" for the charity Comic Relief. Along with the song, the recording contained comedy dialogue between Richard and The Young Ones. The release went to no.1. That same year he opened in the West Endmarker as a rock musician called upon to defend Earth in a trial set in the Andromeda Galaxy in the multi-media Dave Clark musical Time.

Further top ten albums included Stronger in 1989, which included the UK No.2 hit "Best Of Me", and UK No.3 "Just Don't Have The Heart" written and produced by Mike Stock, Matt Aitken and Pete Waterman , From a Distance in 1990. Later that year, Richard scored his second UK Christmas No. 1 single with Saviour's Day. Richard unsuccessfully bid for the Christmas No.1 spot again with We Should Be Together and Healing Love in 1991 and 1993 respectively - the latter being taken from his No.1 studio album Cliff Richard - The Album. The next few years saw Richard concentrate on bringing the musical Heathcliff to the stage. The production was a resounding success, but the time it took seemed to take a toll on his reinvigorated chart status. Back in the UK during the next years and throughout the 1980s, Richard remained one of the best-known music artists in the country. In the space of a few years he worked with Elton John, Mark Knopfler, Julian Lennon, Freddie Mercury, Stevie Wonder, Phil Everly, Janet Jackson, Sheila Walsh, and Van Morrison. Richard also reunited with Olivia Newton-John. In 1989, he filled the Wembley Stadiummarker for a few nights with a spectacular titled "The Event". Meanwhile, the Shadows later re-formed (and again split). They recorded on their own, but also reunited with Richard in 1978, 1984, and 1989-90 for some concerts. On 14 June, 2004 Cliff Richard joined the Shadows on-stage at the London Palladiummarker. The Shadows had decided to re-form for one final tour of the UK, with this concert heralded as their final ever concert as "Cliff and the Shadows."

Sir Cliff (1995 - present)

Cliff Richard was knighted on 25 October, 1995, the first rock star to be so honoured (Bob Geldof had received his honorary knighthood a full nine years earlier, but not being a British subject, he is not permitted to use the accolade 'Sir', whether in the UK or abroad). Richard was knighted ahead of Paul McCartney (1997), Elton John (1998), Mick Jagger and Tom Jones. In 1998, Richard demonstrated that radio stations were refusing to play his music by releasing his latest single "Can't Keep This Feeling In" on a white label under the pseudonym of Blacknight. The single was well regarded and featured on playlists until the true artist was revealed.

In 1999, controversy arose regarding radio stations refusing to play his releases when EMI, Richard's label since 1958, refused to release his latest song, "Millennium Prayer". Richard took it to an independent label, Papillon, which released the charity recording (in aid of Children's Promise). The single went on to top the UK chart for three weeks, his fourteenth No.1, and the third highest-selling single of his career. Richard's next album (2001) was a covers project, Wanted, followed by another top ten album with Cliff at Christmas. The holiday album contained both new and older recordings, including the single "Santa's List", which reached No.5 in 2003. Richard decamped to Nashville, Tennesseemarker for his next album project in 2004, employing a writer's conclave to give him the pick of all new songs for the album Something's Goin' On. Though the collection was critically well-received, it had disappointing sales. Nevertheless it was yet another top ten album, and produced three top fifteen singles: "Something's Goin' On", "I Cannot Give You My Love", with Barry Gibb of the Bee Gees, and the lively "What Car". Richard did not hide his disappointment with the album's lacklustre sales, and it was speculated that it might have been his last ever album of original songs.

Cliff Richard finished number 56 in the 2002 100 Greatest Britons list, sponsored by the BBC and voted for by the public. Adored especially by baby boomer women, many of whom camp out for his concert tickets, he has become a fixture of the British entertainment world and once led the Wimbledonmarker Centre Courtmarker crowd in singing during a rain delay in 1996 when asked by Wimbledon officials to entertain the crowd. Richard was not aware this performance was actually televised by the BBC and after singing six of his golden greats, TV presenter Des Lynam commented on this and added jokingly "we'll probably get one hell of a bill". The performance was front page headlines on many of the major British newspapers the following day.

2006 saw Richard's album of duets, (another top 10 success) including newly-recorded material with Brian May, Dionne Warwick, Anne Murray, Barry Gibb and Daniel O'Donnell, plus some previously recorded duets with artists such as Phil Everly, Elton John and Olivia Newton-John. 'Two's Company' was released to coincide with the UK leg of his latest world tour, 'Here and Now' which included a number of lesser known, but fan-favourite songs including, My Kinda Life, How Did She Get Here, Hey Mr. Dream Maker, For Life, A Matter Of Moments, When The Girl In Your Arms, Every Face Tells A Story, Peace In Our Time and the Christmas single 21st Century Christmas, which debuted at No.2 on the UK singles chart.

Richard's mother, Dorothy Webb, suffered from dementia. In a September 2006 interview with the Daily Mail, he spoke about the difficulties he and his sisters had in dealing with their mother's condition. On 18 October, 2007 a statement on the star's website read, "We are sad to report that Cliff's mother, Dorothy, passed away early on 17 October; she was 87."

Another compilation album, Love... The Album was released on 12 November. Like Two's Company before it, this album includes both previously released material and newly-recorded songs, namely Waiting For A Girl Like You, When You Say Nothing At All, All Out Of Love, If You're Not the One and When I Need You (the latter was released as a single, reaching Number 38), (the album peaked at number 13). The concept of the project has divided fans who anticipate an album of new material.

In 2008, Richard's 50th year in music, there was the release of the 8CD box set, And They Said It Wouldn't Last .

In September, a single celebrating his 50 years in pop music, titled * Thank you for a Lifetime was released. On the 14th of September, 2008, Thank You For A Lifetime, reached No.3 on the UK music charts.

On 2 November, 2008, British newspaper The Mail on Sunday gave away a free promotional CD entitled '50th Anniversary' containing 12 tracks picked by Sir Cliff himself.

On 11 November, 2008, Cliff Richard's Official Homepage announced that 20 years since their latest concert together, Cliff & The Shadows would reunite to celebrate their 50th anniversary in the music business. In the late '50s and early '60s, Cliff & The Shadows dominated the English pop-music scene with their record-breaking careers - together and as solo acts, establishing their impressing place in history of pop. They picked up no less than 19 No 1 hits, like Living Doll, Travellin' Light, Please Don't Tease, Bachelor Boy, Wonderful Land and Apache. They starred together in the still popular films Summer Holiday and The Young Ones.

On 11 December 2008, Cliff Richard and the Shadows performed at the Royal Variety Performance. In 2009 Cliff & The Shadows will bring their partnership to an end with the "Golden Anniversary concert tour of the UK". A new album by Cliff Richard and the Shadows was released in September, titled 'Reunited' it was their first studio project in forty years. The 28 tracks recorded comprises 25 re-recordings of their earlier classics, with three 'new' tracks, originally from that era (and earlier), the single Singing the Blues, along with Eddie Cochran's C'mon Everybody and the Frankie Ford hit Sea Cruise. The tracks are to be spread across the single and its bonus tracks, a limited edition version of the album, as well as a standard CD release. The album charted at number six in the UK charts in its opening week and peaked at number 4 in the charts. The reunion tour is to continue into Europe in 2010.

In June 2009 it was reported by Sound Kitchen Studios in Nashville that Cliff was to return there shortly to record a new album of original recordings of jazz songs. He was to record fourteen tracks in a week. He also stated his intention to record with bluegrass singer Alison Krauss.

According to The Sunday Times Rich List 2009 he is worth £40m

Entrepreneur

Richard has become joint owner of the Arora International Hotel in Manchestermarker, which opened in June 2004. He also owns a Quinta in the Algarve, Portugalmarker, where he is involved in the production of wines at the Adega do Cantor (“Winery of the Singer”), a state-of-the-art winery in Guia, near Albufeiramarker. In 2006, Cliff Richard received Portugal’s equivalent of a knighthood in recognition of his 40 years of personal and business involvement in that country.

Lack of commercial support

Cliff Richard openly complains about the lack of commercial support he receives from radio stations and record labels. He spoke about this on The Alan Titchmarsh Show on ITV in December 2007, pointing out that while new bands needed airplay for promotion and sales, long-established artists like himself also relied upon airplay for the same ends. He did note, however, that so-called eighties radio stations did play his records and that this went some way to help sales and maintain his media presence. In the recent BBC Radio 2 documentary "Cliff - Take Another Look", he pointed out that many documentaries charting the history of British music fail to even mention him.

Cliff Richard's protracted chart success undermines radio stations' claims that he does not enjoy the support of their target audiences . Richard believes he is "the most radical rock star there has ever been". Richard's premise is that his decision not to adopt the "sex, drugs and alcohol" image expected of rock stars, then and now, was the truly avant-garde choice.

Personal life

Richard is a lifelong bachelor. He has said that he once considered marriage to the dancer Jackie Irving, and later to tennis star Sue Barker. Richard currently lives with a former Roman Catholic priest, John McElynn, whom he met in 2001 while doing charity work in the United States. He has been described as Cliff's property manager and looks after his houses while Cliff is away. This friendship has added to long-standing rumours that Richard is homosexual, a claim that he denied in 1996. Describing McElynn as a close friend and companion, Richard has said: "I am sick to death of the media’s speculation about it... What business is it of anyone else’s what any of us are as individuals? I don’t think my fans would care either way."

He has also gone on record to suggest the Church of England affirm a commitment to same-sex marriage. In his recent autobiography, he states clearly that "... many of my friends are gay - let's face it, homosexuality has been legal for more than thirty years. For me, the commitment is what counts - and I'll leave the judging to God."

Works

Chart accomplishments

  • Cliff Richard has scored fourteen No.1 singles in the UK.
  • As a performer, Cliff Richard has scored the most top 10 hits on the UK singles charts (70), the most top 20 hits (97) and the most top 40 hits (125). (Double A-sides count as two hits; Richard has charted two double A-sides in the top ten, and five double A-sides in the top forty.)
  • Based solely on data used to compile the Official UK Singles Charts, Richard has sold more singles in the UK than any other act, with sales exceeding twenty million copies. Interestingly enough, he has scored only one million-selling single: "The Young Ones". This does not reflect his total sales as the data used to compile the charts in the early part of his career was only partial. Sales from his 1950s singles would be significantly understated in this figure.
  • Cliff Richard has had top ten hits in each of the last six decades.
  • Cliff Richard is the only act in the UK to score a No.1 single in each of the first five decades since the inception of the UK Singles chart in 1952. His chart peak in the 2000s is No.2. The following list shows the number of chart toppers Richard has achieved in each decade.


Cliff Richard has spent the second highest time on the British charts of any act. The acts with the most aggregate time spent on the British record charts:
  1. Elvis Presley (2,574 days)
  2. Cliff Richard (1,983)
  3. Queen (1,755)
  4. The Beatles (1,749)
  5. Madonna (1,660)
  6. Elton John (1,626)


Christmas songs

Cliff Richard has aimed for the Christmas number one single on several occasions, sometimes successfully. His first Christmas number one (on some charts) was in 1960, but that single, "I Love You," was not a yuletide-themed song.

In later years, Richard often released songs with a Christmas or other religious theme:

  • 1969: "With the Eyes of a Child" (#20)
  • 1982: "Little Town" (#11)
  • 1988: "Mistletoe and Wine" (#1)
  • 1989: "Whenever God Shines His Light" (duet with Van Morrison
  • 1990: "Saviour's Day" (#1)
  • 1991: "We Should Be Together" (#10)
  • 1999: "The Millennium Prayer" (#1)
  • 2003: "Santa's List" (#5)
  • 2006: "21st Century Christmas" (#2)


He also featured on the 1989 Christmas number one by Band Aid II, thus appearing at the top of the charts for three consecutive Christmases.

Discography

Awards

Brit Awards

  • 1977 - Best British male solo artist during the past 25 years
  • 1982 - Best British male solo artist
  • 1989 - Outstanding contribution to music


TV Times

  • 1980 - TV Times - Most Exciting Male Singer on TV
  • 1987 - TV Times - Best Male Singer
  • 1989 - TV Times - Favorite Singer


The Sun Readers

  • 1970 - The Sun Readers Poll - Top Male Pop Personality
  • 1971 - The Sun Readers Poll - Top Male Pop Personality
  • 1972 - The Sun Readers Poll - Top Male Pop Personality


NME

  • 1958 - NME Readers Poll - Best New Disc or TV Singer
  • 1959 - NME Readers Poll - UK Male Singer
  • 1959 - NME Readers Poll - Best Single - Living Doll
  • 1960 - NME Readers Poll - Best UK Single - Living Doll
  • 1961 - NME Readers Poll - UK Male Singer
  • 1962 - NME Readers Poll - UK Male Singer
  • 1963 - NME Readers Poll - UK Male Singer
  • 1963 - NME Readers Poll - Best World Male Singer
  • 1964 - NME Readers Poll - UK Male Singer
  • 1964 - NME Readers Poll - UK Vocal Personality
  • 1965 - NME Readers Poll - UK Male Singer
  • 1966 - NME Readers Poll - UK Male Singer
  • 1966 - NME Readers Poll - UK Vocal Personality
  • 1967 - NME Readers Poll - UK Vocal Personality
  • 1968 - NME Readers Poll - UK Vocal Personality
  • 1969 - NME Readers Poll - British Vocal Personality
  • 1970 - NME Readers Poll - UK Male Singer
  • 1970 - NME Readers Poll - UK Vocal Personality
  • 1970 - NME Readers Poll - World's Best Recording Artist of the 60's
  • 1971 - NME Readers Poll - UK Male Singer
  • 1971 - NME Readers Poll - British Vocal Personality
  • 1972 - NME Readers Poll - UK Male Singer
  • 1972 - NME Readers Poll - British Vocal Personality


Ivor Novello

  • 1968 - Ivor Novello - Most Performed Work - CONGRATULATIONS by Bill Martin & Phil Coulter
  • 1970 - Ivor Novello - Outstanding Services to Music


Melody Maker

  • 1959 - Melody Maker - Best Male Singer
  • 1960 - Melody Maker - Top British Male Singer
  • 1962 - Melody Maker - The Emen Award - Top male singer
  • 1962 - Melody Maker - Top British Male Singer
  • 1962 - Melody Maker - Top single of the year - The Young Ones
  • 1963 - Melody Maker - Best Male Singer
  • 1964 - Melody Maker - Best Male Singer
  • 1965 - Melody Maker - Best UK Male Singer
  • 1967 - Melody Maker - Top Male Singer


Disc & Music Echo

  • 1967 - Disc & Music Echo - Best Dressed Male
  • 1968 - Disc & Music Echo - Best Dressed Male
  • 1969 - Disc & Music Echo - Best Dressed Male
  • 1970 - Disc & Music Echo - Top British Male Singer
  • 1970 - Disc & Music Echo - Best Dressed Male
  • 1970 - Disc & Music Echo - Mr. Valentine
  • 1971 - Disc & Music Echo - Mr. Valentine


Bravo (Germany)

  • 1964 - BRAVO Magazine (Germany) - Best Male Singer - Gold
  • 1964 - BRAVO Magazine (Germany) - Year End Singles Charts - 1.SAG 'NO' ZU IMH (DON'T TALK TO HIM)
  • 1965 - BRAVO Magazine (Germany) - Best Male Singer - Gold
  • 1980 - BRAVO Magazine (Germany) - Top International Male Singer


Record Mirror

  • 1961 - Record Mirror Survey - Most successful chart records 1958 - 1961 No 1: Cliff Richard - Living Doll (Cliff had three of the top five records and a further two in the Top 50.)
  • 1964 - Record Mirror Poll - Best Dressed Singer in the World


1960s

  • 1961 - Royal Variety Club - Show Business Personality
  • 1961 - Weekend Magazine - Star of Stars
  • 1962 - Motion Picture Hearld Box-Office Survey Of 1962 - Most Popular Male Film Actor
  • 1963 - Motion Picture Hearld Box-Office Survey Of 1963 - Most Popular Male Film Actor
  • 1963 - 16 (US Magazine) - Most Promising Singer
  • 1964 - BILLBOARD MAGAZINE (US Magazine) - Best Recording Artist UK
  • 1969 - Valentine Magazine - Mr Valentine


1970s

  • 1970 - National Viewers & Listeners' Association - Outstanding Contribution to Religious Broadcasting and Light Entertainment
  • 1971 - Record Mirror - UK Male Singer
  • 1974 - Nordoff Robbins Music Therapy Committee - Silver Clef - Outstanding Services to the Music Industry
  • 1977 - The Songwriter's Guild Of Great Britain - Golden Badge Award
  • 1979 - MUSIC WEEK - Special Award for 21 years as successful recording artistes - Cliff Richard and The Shadows
  • 1979 - EMI Records - Gold Clock and Gold Key award - EMI celebrates 21 year partnership with Cliff


1980s

  • 1980 - Cliff receives O.B.E. from The Queen.
  • 1980 - BBC TV Multi-coloured Swapshop - Best UK Male Vocalist
  • 1980 - National Pop And Rock Awards - Best Family Entertainer
  • 1980 - NATIONWIDE, in conjunction with Radio 1 & the Daily Mirror - Best Family Entertainer
  • 1981 - Sunday Telegraph Readers Poll - Top Pop Star
  • 1981 - Daily Mirror Readers Award - Outstanding Music Personality Of The Year
  • 1989 - The Lifetime Achievement Diamond Award (Antwerp)


1990s

  • 1992 - Spectable Wearer Of The Year
  • 1995 - American Society Of Composers, Authors & Publishers - Pied Piper Award (Cliff became the first British recipient of Ascap's coveted Pied Piper Award, which recognises outstanding contributions to the songwriter and music community)
  • 1995 - The formal investiture of Cliff Richard as Knight Bachelor took place at 10.30 a.m. in Buckingham Palace on Wednesday 25th October.
  • 1998 - Dutch Edison - Lifetime Achievement Award


2000s

  • 2000 - South Bank Awards - Outstanding Achievement Award
  • 2003 - British Academy Of Composers And Songwriters - Gold Badge of merit
  • 2003 - Lawn Tennis Association - 20 Years of Service to Tennis Award
  • 2004 - Induction into UK Music Hall of Fame (Representing the 1950's - Cliff & The Shadows)
  • 2004 - Ultimate Pop Star (No. 1 singles recording artist in UK)
  • 2005 - Avenue of the Stars (Star on the Pavement London)
  • 2005 - Rose D'or Music Festival (Paris) - Golden Rose


Tours

40th Anniversary 1998/1999

New Zealand

Note: Concerts performed by Cliff with New Zealand Symphony; also Olivia Newton-John as guest.

Australia
  • February 11, 1998 - Melbourne, Melbourne Parkmarker
  • February 12, 1998 - Melbourne, Melbourne Park
  • February 14, 1998 - Newcastle, Entertainment Centre
  • February 15, 1998 - Newcastle, Entertainment Centre
  • February 18, 1998 - Sydney, Entertainment Centre
  • February 19, 1998 - Sydney, Entertainment Centre
  • February 21, 1998 - Brisbane, Entertainment Centre
  • February 22, 1998 - Brisbane, Entertainment Centre
  • February 25, 1998 - Adelaide, Entertainment Centre
  • February 26, 1998 - Adelaide, Entertainment Centre
  • March 1, 1998 - Perth, Entertainment Centre
  • March 2, 1998 - Perth, Entertainment Centre


Note: Concerts performed by Cliff with Australian Philharmonic; also Olivia Newton-John as guest.

England

  • May 17th, 18th, 20th, 21st, 22nd, 24th, 25th, 27th, 28th, 29th 1998
Royal Albert Hall, London

  • September 21st and 22nd 1998


Note: Two free concerts for fan club members to record 40th Anniversary video

  • December 1st, 2nd, 4th, 5th, 6th, 8th, 9th, 11th, 12th, 13th 1998


  • March 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 6th, 7th, 8th, 10th, 11th, 12th, 13th, 15th, 16th 1999


Note: 32 sell out concerts in a row at the Royal Albert Hall, London

Europe

Ireland
  • June 4, 1999 - Belfast, King's Hall
  • June 5, 1999 - Belfast, King’s Hall
  • June 7, 1999 - Dublin, The Point
  • June 8, 1999 - Dublin, The Point


England
  • July 16, 1999 - London, Hyde Parkmarker
  • July 17, 1999 - London, Hyde Park
  • July 18, 1999 - London, Hyde Park


Countdown Concerts 1999

  • 17th December 1999 - Birmingham NIA
  • 18th December 1999 - Birmingham NIA
  • 19th December 1999 - Birmingham NIA
  • 21st December 1999 - Birmingham NIA
  • 22nd December 1999 - Birmingham NIA
  • 23rd December 1999 - Birmingham NIA
  • 27th December 1999 - Birmingham NIA
  • 28th December 1999 - Birmingham NIA
  • 29th December 1999 - Birmingham NIA
  • 31st December 1999 - Birmingham NIA (Millennium Concert)


Off the record – Royal Albert Hall 2001

  • Cliff Performed 12 concerts during May 2001 at The Royal Albert Hall, London.


Wanted World Tour 2002/2003

UK/Ireland
  • 15th October 2002 - Belfast Odyssey, Northern Ireland
  • 16th October 2002 - Belfast Odyssey, Northern Ireland
  • 17th October 2002 - Dublin The Point, Ireland
  • 19th October 2002 - Cardiff International Arena, Wales
  • 20th October 2002 - Cardiff International Arena, Wales
  • 22nd October 2002 – Birmingham NIA, England
  • 23rd October 2002 – Birmingham NIA, England
  • 25th October 2002 – Birmingham NIA, England
  • 26th October 2002 – Birmingham NIA, England
  • 27th October 2002 – Birmingham NIA, England
  • 29th October 2002 - Manchester Evening News Arena, England
  • 30th October 2002 - Manchester Evening News Arena, England
  • 1st November 2002 - Newcastle Telewest Arena, England
  • 2nd November 2002 - Newcastle Telewest Arena, England
  • 3rd November 2002 - Newcastle Telewest Arena, England
  • 5th November 2002 - Glasgow Armadillo, Scotland
  • 6th November 2002 - Glasgow Armadillo, Scotland
  • 8th November 2002 - Sheffield Arena, England
  • 9th November 2002 - Sheffield Arena, England
  • 10th November 2002 - Sheffield Arena, England
  • 12th November 2002 - London Docklands Arena, England
  • 13th November 2002 - London Docklands Arena, England
  • 15th November 2002 - Brighton Centremarker, England
  • 16th November 2002 - Bournemouth International Centremarker, England


Europe
  • 20th November 2002 - Oslo Konserthuest, Norway
  • 21st November 2002 - Stavangermarker Konserthuest, Norway
  • 24th November 2002 - Gothenburg Liseberg Hallen, Sweden
  • 25th November 2002 - Slagelsemarker Antvorskovhallen, Denmark
  • 26th November 2002 - Copenhagen Forum, Denmark
  • 28th November 2002 - Aalborg Aalborghallen, Denmark
  • 29th November 2002 - Aarhus Aarhus Arena, Denmark
  • 30th November 2002 - HerningMessecentre Hal B, Denmark
  • 2nd December 2002 - Frankfurt Jahrhunderthalle, Germany
  • 3rd December 2002 - Hamburg CCH 1, Germany
  • 5th December 2002 - Rotterdam Ahoy, Holland
  • 6th December 2002 - Brussels Forest National, Belgium
  • 7th December 2002 - Oberhausen Konig Pilsener Arena, Germany
  • 9th December 2002 - Aalborg Aalborghallen, Denmark


Australia
  • 31st January 2003 - Perth Burnswood Dome, Australia
  • 4th February 2003 - Brisbane Entertainment Centre, Australia
  • 7th February 2003 - Sydney Superdomemarker, Australia
  • 8th February 2003 - Hunter Valley Winery, Australia
  • 9th February 2003 - Wollongong Entertainment Centremarker, Australia
  • 11th February 2003 - Melbourne Rod Laver Arena, Australia
  • 13th February 2003 - Canberra AIS Arenamarker, Australia
  • 15th February 2003 - Barossa Valley Winery, Australia


New Zealand
  • 18th February 2003 - Christchurch Westpac Trust Stadium, New Zealand
  • 19th February 2003 - Christchurch Westpac Trust Stadium, New Zealand
  • 22nd February 2003 - Napier The Mission Winery, New Zealand


Asia

Live and Kicking at the Royal Albert Hall 2004

  • April - 3rd, 4th, 6th, 7th, 10th, 11th, 13th, 14th, 16th, 17th, 20th, 21st, 23rd, 24th


Cliff Performed 14 consecutive sold out shows at London's Royal Albert Hallmarker, London.

Summer Night’s Concert Series 2004

  • 9th July 2004 - Warwick Castle, England
  • 10th July 2004 - Warwick Castle, England
  • 11th July 2004 - Cardiff Castle, Wales
  • 16th July 2004 - Chatsworth House, Derby, England
  • 17th July 2004 - Edinburgh Castle, Scotland
  • 18th July 2004 - Edinburgh Castle, Scotland
  • 23rd July 2004 - Blickling Hall, Norfolk, England
  • 24th July 2004 - Leeds Castle, Kent, England
  • 25th July 2004 - Leeds Castle, Kent, England


Note: All 9,500 tickets sold out at Blickling Hall within hours of going on sale, this is the first time this has happened.

Here and Now Tour 2006/07

UK
  • 4th November 2006 - London, England, Wembley Arena
  • 5th November 2006 - London, England, Wembley Arena
  • 7th November 2006 - London, England, Wembley Arena
  • 8th November 2006 - London, England, Wembley Arena
  • 9th November 2006 - London, England, Wembley Arena
  • 11th November 2006 - Cardiff, Wales, CIA
  • 14th November 2006 - Birmingham, England, NIA
  • 16th November 2006 - Birmingham, England, NIA
  • 17th November 2006 - Birmingham, England, NIA
  • 19th November 2006 - Nottingham, England, Nottingham Arena
  • 20th November 2006 - Nottingham, England, Nottingham Arena
  • 22nd November 2006 - Sheffield, England, Hallam FM Arenamarker
  • 23rd November 2006 - Sheffield, England, Hallam FM Arena
  • 25th November 2006 - Manchester, England, MEN
  • 26th November 2006 - Manchester, England, MEN
  • 28th November 2006 - Newcastle, England, Metro Arena
  • 29th November 2006 - Newcastle, England, Metro Arena
  • 1st December 2006 - Glasgow, Scotland, SECC


Ireland
  • 4th December 2006 - Belfast, Odyssey Arena
  • 5th December 2006 - Dublin, The Pointmarker
  • 6th December 2006 - Dublin, The Point


Middle East & South East Asia

South Africa
  • 3rd March 2007 - Johannesburg, Coca-Cola Dome
  • 4th March 2007 - Johannesburg, Coca-Cola Dome
  • 6th March 2007 - Cape Town, Kirstenbosch Gardens
  • 7th March 2007 - Cape Town, Kirstenbosch Gardens
  • 8th March 2007 - Cape Town, Kirstenbosch Gardens


Europe
  • 13th March 2007 - Helsinki, Finland, Ice Hall
  • 15th March 2007 - Norway, Vikingeskibet Hamar
  • 17th March 2007 - Aalborg, Denmark, Gigantium
  • 18th March 2007 - Copenhagen, Denmark, Forum
  • 20th March 2007 - Paris, France, Palais des Congrès
  • 21st March 2007 - Brussels, Belgium, Forest National
  • 22nd March 2007 - Rotterdam, Holland, The Ahoy
  • 24th March 2007 - Hannovermarker, Germany, TUI Arenamarker
  • 25th March 2007 - Frankfurtmarker, Germany, Festhalle
  • 28th March 2007 - Icelandmarker, Laugardalsholl Reykjavik


Time Machine 50th Anniversary Tour 2008

UK
  • 10th November 2008 - London, England, Wembley Arena
  • 12th November 2008 - London, England, Wembley Arena
  • 14th November 2008 - London, England, Wembley Arena
  • 15th November 2008 - London, England, Wembley Arena
  • 17th November 2008 - Cardiff, Wales, CIA
  • 18th November 2008 - Cardiff, Wales, CIA
  • 20th November 2008 - Birmingham, England, NIA
  • 22nd November 2008 - Birmingham, England, NIA
  • 23rd November 2008 - Birmingham, England, NIA
  • 25th November 2008 - Manchester, England, MEN
  • 26th November 2008 - Manchester, England, MEN
  • 28th November 2008 - Newcastle, England, Metro Arena
  • 30th November 2008 - Glasgow, Scotland, SECC


Ireland
  • 2nd December 2008 - Belfast, Odyssey Arena


The Final Reunion Tour Cliff Richard and The Shadows 2009

Irelandmarker

UKmarker
  • 25th September 2009 - Londonmarker, O2 Arena
  • 26th September 2009 - London, O2 Arena
  • 28th September 2009 - London, O2 Arena
  • 30th September 2009 - Nottingham Arena
  • 1st October 2009 - Birminghammarker, NIAmarker
  • 3nd October 2009 - Birmingham, NIA
  • 4th October 2009 - Birmingham, NIA
  • 6th October 2009 - Cardiffmarker, CIAmarker
  • 7th October 2009 - Liverpoolmarker, Echo Arenamarker
  • 9th October 2009 - Glasgowmarker, SECCmarker
  • 10th October 2009 - Glasgow, SECC
  • 12th October 2009 - Newcastle Arenamarker
  • 14th October 2009 - Sheffield Arenamarker
  • 15th October 2009 - Sheffield Arena
  • 17th October 2009 - Manchestermarker, MEN Arenamarker
  • 18th October 2009 - Manchester, MEN Arena
  • 20th October 2009 - Cardiff, CIA
  • 22nd October 2009 - London, Wembley Arenamarker
  • 23rd October 2009 - London, Wembley Arena (Charity Concert)


Note: CLIFF RICHARD & THE SHADOWS Sold out the entire UK dates and was the 2nd highest grossing tour of 2009.$20,229,630Sept. 25-Oct. 23 (UK)O2 Arena, London (3/3)Trent FM Arena, Nottingham, U.K. (1/1)National Indoor Arena, Birmingham, U.K. (3/3)Cardiff International Arena, Cardiff, U.K. (2/2)Echo Arena, Liverpool, U.K. (1/1)Scottish Exhibition & Conference Centre, Glasgow, U.K. (2/2)Metro Radio Arena, Newcastle, U.K. (1/1)Sheffield Arena, Sheffield, U.K. (2/2)Manchester Evening News Arena, Manchester, U.K. (2/2)Wembley Arena, London (2/2)209,020 (209,020)

Venue (shows) - Audience - ($)Gross

London O2 (3)- 45,698 - $4,449,852Birmingham NIA (3) – 34,714 – $3,336,668MEN Arena in Manchester (2)- 29,438 - $2,884,671Wembley Arena (2) - 21,934 - $2,171,690Sheffield Arena (2) – 22,413 – $2,126,877Glasgow SECC (2) – 18,065 – $1,738,120Cardiff Int. Arena (2) - 9,686 – $938,349Liverpool Echo (1) – 9,688 – $926,775Newcastle Metro Radio Arena (1) – 9,531 – $906,410Nottingham Arena (1) – 7,853 – $750,218

Europe

Australia

New Zealandmarker

South Africa

Note: The DVD Filmed Live at the O2 Arena London went straight to #1 on the UK music DVD chart and #7 on the general DVD chart selling well over 50,000 copies in its first week alone, it has since spent another week at the top. It also debuted at #1 in several European countries including; Sweden (2 weeks at #1), Holland (3 weeks in top 5) and Denmark (2 weeks at #1). It has since become a hit in every country visited on the tour so far apart from Germany. Finland, Ireland, France, Norway and Belgium are all countries in which it has charted high on the charts. Added to all the success in the European charts it has also become a hit in Australia.

Country - Week 1 - Week 2 - Week 3
  • UK #1, #1, #2
  • Denmark #1, #1,
  • Sweden #1, #1,
  • Holland #1, #4, #3
  • Finland #4, #2,
  • Norway #8,
  • Ireland #9,
  • Belgium #10, #4,
  • Australia #12,
  • France #19, #35,


Videos and DVDs

  • 1983 - The Video Connection #2
  • 1984 - Together With Cliff & The Shadows #1 (4 weeks at #1)
  • 1985 - Rock In Australia #2
  • 1988 - Always Guaranteed #6
  • 1988 - Private Collection #1 (2 weeks at #1)
  • 1989 - Live & Guaranteed '88 #3
  • 1989 - Thank You Very Much (Re-issue)#2
  • 1990 - From A Distance - The Event #2
  • 1991 - Rock In Australia (Re-issue)#6
  • 1991 - Together With Cliff #2
  • 1992 - The Video Connection (Re-issue) #10
  • 1993 - Cliff When The Music Stops #2
  • 1993 - Access All Areas #1 (2 weeks at #1)
  • 1993 - Oh Boy! (Re-issue) #19
  • 1993 - The Story So Far #3
  • 1994 - The Hit List #2
  • 1994 - Christmas With Cliff Richard #22
  • 1995 - Live & Guaranteed (double-pack, video/cd) #17
  • 1995 - The Hit List-Live #3
  • 1996 - Cliff At The Movies #6
  • 1997 - Heathcliff #1 (8 weeks at #1)
  • 1998 - The Making Of Heathcliff #2
  • 1998 - Cliff At The Movies (Re-issue) #13
  • 1998 - 40th Anniversary Concert #3
  • 1999 - Live In The Park #1 (1 week at #1)
  • 2000 - An Audience With #1 (2 weeks at #1)
  • 2000 - The Countdown Concert #2
  • 2001 - Unforgettable #4
  • 2002 - The Hits I Missed #3
  • 2003 - Cliff - World Tour 2003 #1 (2 weeks at #1)
  • 2004 - Castles In The Air #1 (2 weeks at #1)
  • 2005 - From A Distance - The Event (Re-issue) #3
  • 2005 - 40th Anniversary Concert (Re-issue) #8
  • 2006 - Live In The Park (Re-issue) #12
  • 2006 - The Cliff Richard Box #24
  • 2006 - In The Beginning #26
  • 2006 - Here And Now - Live #3
  • 2008 - Time Machine Tour #1 (4 weeks at #1)
  • 2009 - The Final Reunion Tour - Cliff Richard and The Shadows #1 (2 weeks at #1)


All time Top 50 UK chart singles sales

In 2005 the Official UK Charts Company with Channel 4 TV published an all time top 50 UK singles chart based on career aggregate sales of both hits and misses of the top selling artists/groups of all time.

Cliff Richard came first, not unsurprisingly to the considerable annoyance of many influential insiders and movers-and-shakers within the UK pop-music industry, with aggregate sales of 21m. The Beatles came a very close 2nd with 20m. The positions might have been reversed if the chart had included the Beatles single "Ain't She Sweet" credited on the label A side to: "Tony Sheridan and The Beatles" on Polydor to the Beatles aggregate career total. Prior to this chart's worldwide publication, it was widely anticipated that the Beatles with 1,000m sales would walk to the no.1 position in this chart with consummate ease based on their mega-successful career in all its many facets.

Cliff Richard's former backing group, The Shadows with only 5m sales were 43rd in this chart but were not credited at all with any of their joint-collaboration 34 hit singles with Cliff Richard (qv "Cliff Richard and The Shadows" or "Cliff Richard and The Drifters"). These anomalies are 'corrected' in the later (eg 16th and onwards) editions of the Guinness Book of British Hit Singles & Albums published by Guinness Books and in fact several other well known UK chart type books published in the UK follow the Guinness methodology.

In this chart, all other joint collaboration-singles were duly credited to both (qv 'and', 'feat(uring)', 'with', etc, on the label A side) parties. Groups and soloists in this top 50 chart that have had at least one or more joint-collaboration, either as the 1st or 2nd named artist on the label, singles include: Queen, Status Quo, Cliff Richard, Elton John, Diana Ross, David Bowie, Madonna, Paul McCartney, Michael Jackson, Rod Stewart, Stevie Wonder, George Michael, Whitney Houston, Olivia Newton-John, Phil Collins, Shakin' Stevens, Tom Jones, Celine Dion, Robbie Williams, etc.

An obvious example is the hit DJM single "Slow Rivers" by Cliff Richard and Elton John which is double-counted in this chart. Elton John's, Cliff Richard's (post-"Cliff Richard and The Shadows" career) and Diana Ross's (solo; as an un-named member of The Supremes trio and as "Diana Ross and the Supremes") careers, to name but a few, heavily feature numerous duets with many famous other pop-stars.

Producers



Engineers at EMI



HMV acetate

  • 1958 Lawdy Miss Clawdy/Breathless (2 discs)


Live albums

  • 1959 Cliff - LP/CD - Columbia
  • 1962 Live at the ABC Kingston (w/The Shadows) - CD - EMI
  • 1967 Live in Japan - LP/CD - Columbia/EMI
  • 1970 Live at the Talk of the Town - LP/CD - MFP
  • 1972 Live in Japan 1972 (w/Hank Marvin & John Farrar) - 2LP/CD - Toshiba (EMI)
  • 1972 Live with Olivia Newton-John - 2LP - Toshiba (EMI)
  • 1972 Cliff goes East - 2LP
  • 1974 Live in Japan 1974 - 2LP/CD - Toshiba (EMI)
  • 197? Live in Korea - 2LP
  • 1978 Live at London Palladium - (w/The Shadows) - LP/CD - EMI
  • 1983 Dressed for the occasion - LP/CD - EMI
  • 1984 Live at NEC Birmingham - (w/The Shadows) - VHS - PMI (EMI)
  • 1988 Live and Guaranteed - CD/VHS - EMI
  • 1989 The Event (w/Jet Harris & Tony Meehan) - LP/CD/DVD/VHS - PMI(EMI)
  • 1996 Heathcliff live - CD/VHS - EMI/PMI(EMI)
  • 1999 Live in the Hyde Park - DVD/VHS
  • 2004 Castles in the air - DVD
  • 2006 Live here and now - DVD
  • 2004-6 3xDVD box set - DVD
  • 2008 Time machine - DVD
  • The Hit list - DVD


  • 1974 Live at the Spree - LP (1 song)
  • 1971 Greenbelt - LP (1 song) - CAT #: AX.701290
  • 1996 Live at Wimbledon - CD (3 songs) - EMI


Film appearances



Stage musicals



Eurovision song contests



Management

  • Peter Gormley, Peter Gormley Mgt.
  • Cliff Richard Organisation, Esher, Surrey.


See also

  • Best selling music artists - World's top-selling music artists chart.
  • Cliff by Tim Ewbank and Stafford Hildred (Published by Virgin Books)


References

Bibliography

  • 1953: "Driftin' with Cliff Richard", by J. Harris, R. Ellis and C. Richard
  • 1961: "It's Great to be Young" Coronet
  • 1973: "The Way I See It Now", Hodder & Stoughton, London
  • 1988: "Single-Minded" (autobiography), Hodder & Stoughton, London
  • 1993: "Cliff Richard - The Biography", Lion, Oxford
  • 2008: "My Life, My Way"
  • 1994: "The Complete Chronicle"
  • 199?: "Which One's Cliff" Coronet ISBN : 0340271590
  • 1983: "You, Me and Jesus" Cliff Richard with Bill Latham Hodder & Stoughton, London
  • 1992: "Cliff Richard - A Celebration"
  • 1992: "The Biography", by S. Turner. ISBN 9780745952796
  • 1983: "A 25 Year Journal 1958-83", by T. Jasper
  • 1994: "Single Minded"
  • 1995: "A 40th Celebration"
  • 1998: "Cliff for the Record", by S. Turner
  • 2008: "The Bachelor Boy", by S. Turner. ISBN 9781844420377


Notes

  1. Cliffennium, Volume 1, retrieved 2008-03-12.
  2. Top Hits from EveryHit
  3. Sir Cliff Richard calls on Church to bless gay marriage. The Times. Published 4 September, 2008. Accessed 5, September 2008.
  4. Cliff Richard himself stated that the latter theory is correct; interviewed for the first episode of the BBC Four programme, Pop Britannia, broadcast on 4 January, 2008.
  5. Two a Penny (1967) IMDB.com
  6. O'Connor, John Kennedy. Richard says: Spain is the best of Eurovision Song Contest.
  7. Reuters
  8. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/newstopics/celebritynews/1926993/How-Franco-cheated-Cliff-of-victory-in-Eurovision.html Telegraph article
  9. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hiF3Ylj6oRM&feature=channel_page
  10. O'Connor, John Kennedy. The Eurovision Song Contest - The Official History. Carlton Books, UK. 2007. ISBN 978-1-84442-994-3
  11. BBC News | Entertainment | Sir Cliff foils radio ban
  12. Daily Mail
  13. cliffrichard.org - And They Said It Wouldn't Last (My 50 Years In Music)
  14. BBC
  15. http://www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/music/news/sir-cliff-speaks-frankly-about-his-companion-the-expriest-920825.html
  16. My Life, My Way, Cliff Richard with Penny Junor, Vox Rock Ltd., London, 2008, p. 39


External links




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