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Sir Clifford Michael Curzon, CBE (18 May 19071 September 1982) was an Englishmarker pianist.

Clifford Michael Siegenberg was born in Londonmarker to Michael and Constance Mary Siegenberg (née Young). The family soon afterwards changed their name to Curzon.

Curzon studied at the Royal Academy of Musicmarker where he won the prestigious Macfarren Gold medal in 1924, at the age of 17, Curzon was the youngest-ever pupil to have been accepted into the senior school. In the same year he was made one of seven sub-professors, and completed his studies in 1926.

His public debut was at a Prom in 1923, when he played a Bach triple concerto under Henry Wood. Between 1928 and 1930 he took further instruction from Artur Schnabel in Berlin. He then studied under Wanda Landowska and Nadia Boulanger in Paris. He toured throughout Europe and the United States.

In 1931 Curzon married the American harpsichordist and pianist, Lucille Wallace. The Curzons had no children of their own, but when the great soprano Maria Cebotari died (aged 39) in Vienna in 1949, they adopted her two orphaned sons. In 1953 Curzon received a CBE and in 1977 he was knighted. In 1980 he received the Royal Philharmonic Society Gold Medal.

Curzon was particularly well known for his interpretations of Mozart and Schubert. Even though he left a considerable recording legacy, his distaste for recordings was well known, and he very often prohibited the release to the public of records which he felt were not up to his best standard. In his earlier years he had been noted for his championing of modern music; Lennox Berkeley's Piano Sonata is dedicated to him. Later, he tended to stay with the eighteenth- and nineteenth-century Austro-German repertoire.

His uncle was Albert Ketèlbey, and he described his childhood to an interviewer on the BBC programme Desert Island Discs: 'Little Clifford was supposed to be in bed but he never was, he was out sitting on the landing, listening to my uncle playing through the well of the stairway of my father's old house, and so the first [pieces of] music I really heard were these immortal melodies of Ketèlbey.' A pacifist and member of the Peace Pledge Union, Curzon was a conscientious objector in the Second World War.

During his premiership, Edward Heath invited musician friends, such as Clifford Curzon and the Amadeus Quartet, to perform at either Chequersmarker or 10 Downing Streetmarker.

Curzon is buried next to his wife in the churchyard of St Patrick's, Patterdale, near their house in the Lake Districtmarker. On his gravestone are inscribed the opening words of Schubert's "An die Musik:" "Du holde Kunst" (O fairest art).


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