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Clube de Regatas do Flamengo is a Brazilianmarker multisport club located in Rio de Janeiromarker.

Despite not being the club's official name, Flamengo has become the term used by most to refer not just to the football team, but also the entire sporting association. Other nicknames used by fans include "Fla", "Mengo", and "Mengão" (which means Big Mengo), as well descriptions of the club's official colors, rubro-negro, which translates to "the scarlet-blacks" or "the scarlet and black."

Flamengo's football team—the most popular club in Brazil with an estimated 35 million supporters—placed 9th in FIFA Clubs of the 20th Century.

Popeye used to be Flamengo's mascot, but after 1960s and 1970's the Vulture took it's place and became the mascot of the club.


Flamengo was founded on November 17, 1895 (althought the club celebrate every year it's foundation on November 15, which is also a Brazilianmarker national hollyday) as a rowing club by José Agostinho Pereira da Cunha, Mário Spindola, Nestor de Barros, Augusto Lopes, José Félix da Cunha Meneses and Felisberto Laport.

The group used to gather at Café Lamas, in the Flamengomarker neighborhood of Rio de Janeiro, and decided to form a rowing team. Rowing was the elite sport in Rio de Janeiro in the late 19th century and the youngsters hoped having their own club would make them popular with the young ladies of the city's high society.

They could only afford a used boat named "Pherusa", which had to be completely rebuilt before it could be used in competition. The team debuted on October 6, 1895 when they sailed off the Caju Point, from the Maria Angu beach, heading off to Flamengo beach. However, strong winds turned over the boat and the rowers nearly drowned. They were rescued by a fishing boat named Leal ("Loyal"). Afterwards, as the Pherusa was undergoing repairs, the boat was stolen and never again found. The group then had to save up money to buy a new boat, the "Etoile", renamed "Scyra."

Flamengo's Rowing Shield.
On the night of November 17, the group, gathered at Nestor de Barros's manor on Flamengo beach, founded the Flamengo Rowing Group ("Grupo de Regatas do Flamengo", in Portuguese) and elected its first board and president (Domingos Marques de Azevedo). The name was changed a few weeks later to "Clube de Regatas do Flamengo" ("Flamengo Rowing Club"). The founders also decided that the anniversary of the club foundation should be celebrated on November 15, so as to coincide with the Day of the Republic, a national holiday.

Flamengo only embraced football when a group of dissatisfied players from Fluminense Football Club broke away from the club following a dispute with the board. The players (Alberto Borghert, Othon de Figueiredo Baena, Píndaro de Carvalho Rodrigues, Emmanuel Augusto Nery, Ernesto Amarante, Armando de Almeida, Orlando Sampaio Matos, Gustavo Adolpho de Carvalho, Lawrence Andrews and Arnaldo Machado Guimarães) decided to join Flamengo because Borgeth, who was the team's captain, was also a rower for Flamengo. Admittance of the new members was approved on November 8, 1911. A motion against the club taking part in football tournaments was defeated, and the members assembly officially created the football team on December 24, 1911.

The new team used to train on Russel beach, and gradually gained the support of the locals, who closely watched their practice games. The first official match was played on May 3, 1912 and is, to this day, the most spectacular victory of the club, as the team defeated Mangueira 16 to 2. The first Fla-Flu (which would eventually become one of the most famous football derbies in the world) was also played in that year, on July 7, and was won by Fluminense, by 3-2.

The Golden Age (1978-1983)

In 1978 a scarlet-black Golden Age was beginning when Flamengo won the Rio de Janeiro State Championship. The five following years would be years of glory. Stars as Júnior, Carpegiani, Adílio, Cláudio Adão and Tita were led by Zico to become State Champions for three times in a row. The excitement and pride of the achievement pushed Flamengo towards its first Brazilian Championship in 1980. Then, as national champions, the club was qualified to play the South American continental tournament - the Libertadores Cup.

1981 is a landmark year in Flamengo's history. After beating Chileanmarker Cobreloa in three matches, the club became South American Champions. The next goal was clear: the World Club Championship, a single match to be played in Tokyomarker's Olympic Stadiummarker, Japanmarker, against European Champions' Cup winner Liverpool FC.

Raul, Leandro, Marinho, Mozer, Júnior, Andrade, Adílio, Zico, Tita, Nunes and Lico were the line-up in charge of playing Flamengo's most important match ever on December 13, 1981. Two goals by Nunes, one goal by Adílio, and a brilliant performance by Zico were more than enough to make Flamengo the first Brazilian World Champions club since Pelé's Santos FC, beating Liverpool 3-0, with all goals on the first half.

The next two years would also be great. Another Rio's State Championship in 1981 and two Brazilian Championships - 1982 and 1983 - closed the Golden Age in a fantastic way.

2007 season

On March 9, 2007, Flamengo earned a commemorative date in Rio de Janeiro state's official calendar. On that day, State Governor Sérgio Cabral Filho signed Law 4998, declaring November 17 (the day the club was founded) "the Flamengo day".

In the 2007 Brazilian Football Championship, Flamengo surprised all the other teams at the half of the season winning many games at home, leaving the relegation zone and reaching the second place and then being defeated the last match in Recifemarker (Pernambuco) by Náutico(Brazilian team from Pernambuco), by 1-0. After this match, Flamengo finished the Championship at the third place, leaving from the second worst to the third best.

2008 season

Flamengo started the year by winning the Rio de Janeiro State Championship over arch rival Botafogo. However a couple of days later, in the late rounds of Libertadores Cup, the team was eliminated at home by Club América from Mexico. In this very day, Joel Santana, a well appreciated coach by Flamengo fans, coached his last match before taking South Africa National Football Team. Experts say that the team was eliminated because the finals against Botafogo took a heavy toll on the players stamina and endurance for the matchup against América. The 0-3 score was the biggest headline in the soccer world in the following day as Flamengo had won easily 4-2 in Azteca Stadiummarker. The elimination at Maracanãmarker was labeled by the world press as a second "Maracanazo".


Flamengo is one of the three clubs to have never been relegated or removed from the Brazilian First Division, the others being Cruzeiro and Internacional.

Their biggest rivals are the other three top clubs from Rio de Janeiro: Fluminense, Botafogo and Vasco da Gama. Nowadays, Vasco da Gama are considered Flamengo's top rivals, but intensity of football rivalry has changed in Rio over generations: during the 1960s, for instance, Flamengo supporters considered Botafogo to be the club's top rival, although the most historical rivalry is with Fluminense, dating from the beginning of football in the club, at 1912.





: 1914, 1915 (undefeated), 1920 (undefeated), 1921, 1925, 1927, 1939, 1942, 1943, 1944,
: 1953, 1954, 1955, 1963, 1965, 1972, 1974, 1978, 1979 (undefeated), 1979 (special) (1),
: 1981, 1986, 1991, 1996 (undefeated), 1999, 2000, 2001, 2004, 2007, 2008, 2009

: 1970, 1972, 1973 (undefeated), 1978, 1979, 1980 (undefeated), 1981, 1982, 1984,
: 1988, 1989 (undefeated), 1995, 1996 (undefeated), 1999 (undefeated), 2001, 2004,
: 2007, 2008

  • Taça Rio (2nd round of State Championship) (8):
: 1978, 1983, 1985, 1986, 1991, 1996 (undefeated), 2000, 2009

  • Torneio Início of the Carioca Championship: 1920, 1922, 1946, 1951, 1952, 1959
  • Rio´s Cup: 1991

Friendly Int'l tournaments

  • Napoli Tournament (Italy) : 1981
  • Ramón de Carranza Cup (Spainmarker): 1979, 1980
  • Palma de Mallorcamarker Tournament (Spain): 1978
  • Naranja Trophy (Spain) : 1964, 1986
  • Prince of Astúrias & Algarve Trophy (Spain):1980
  • Colombino Trophy (Spain) : 1988
  • Rio de Janeiro International Summer Tournament :1970, 1972
  • Juan Perón Trophy (Argentina): 1953
  • Summer Tournament (Argentina, Uruguay) : 1961
  • Punta del Este Tournament (Uruguay) : 1981
  • Lima Tournament (Peru) : 1952
  • Kirin Cup (Japanmarker): 1988
  • Hamburg Tournament (Germanymarker): 1989
  • Sharp Cup (Japan): 1990
  • SEE Tournament (Japan ): 1994
  • Marlboro Cup (USA): 1990
  • Tel Aviv Tournament (Israel) : 1958
  • Mohammed V Trophy (Morocco) : 1968
  • Pepsi Cup (Malaysia) : 1990
  • Kuala Lumpurmarker Tournament (Malaysiamarker): 1994


(1) In 1975, the State of Rio de Janeiromarker was merged with the State of Guanabara, the former Federal Districtmarker when the City of Rio de Janeiromarker was the nation's capital.
However, it was only in 1979 that the two state football tournaments were finally unified.
As a transition, the state's football governing body decided that all the teams would have to play in two tournaments, with slightly different formats.
Both tournaments were won by Flamengo.

Kit manufacturer and Shirt sponsors

Period Kit Manufacturer Shirt Sponsors
1980–1984 Adidas none
1984–1992 Petrobras
1993–2000 Umbro
2000–2009 Nikemarker
2009 Olympikus Olympikus Tube
2009– Ale

First-team squad

As of August 30 2009, according to combined sources on the official website.

(on loan from Omiya Ardija)

(on loan from Friburguense)
(on loan from Madureira)

(on loan from Schalke 04)

(on loan from Ivinhema)

(on loan from Panathinaikos FC)

Out on loan:

For recent transfers, see List of Flamengo transfers 2008 and 2009.

For recent transfers, see List of Brazilian football transfers 2008.

First-team staff

As of November 15 2009.
Position Name Nationality
Manager Jorge Luís Andrade
Assistant manager Marcelo Sales
Fitness coaches Daniel Jouvin
Alexandre Sanz
Marcelo Martorelli
Goalkeeping Coach Roberto Barbosa
Head doctor José Luís Runco
Doctors Walter Martins
Marcelo Soares
Marcio Tannure
Serafim Borges
Physiotherapists Gláucio Barbosa Henriques
Leonardo Reis
Physiologist Paulo Figueiredo
Psychologist Paulo Ribeiro

Retired numbers

12Club Supporters – Number dedicated to the rubro-negro fans.

Noted players

For details on former players, see List of Clube de Regatas do Flamengo players and :Category:Clube de Regatas do Flamengo players.

Noted coaches

For details on former coaches, see List of Clube de Regatas do Flamengo coaches.


For details, see Clube de Regatas do Flamengo records and statistics.


Inside view of Maracanã
's home stadium is nominally the José Bastos Padilha Stadium (also known as Gávea Stadiummarker), which was inaugurated on September 4, 1938 and has a capacity of 8,000 fans. Lately Gávea Stadiummarker has being used only as the first team's training ground. Most games, however, are played in Maracanã Stadiummarker, considered by the supporters as the real Flamengo's home ground.

Maracanãmarker was vital in the incredible 2007 Brazilian Série A Flamengo comeback, winning almost all the matches played in the Stadium, helping the club rise from the relegation zone to finish in third place securing a place in the Copa Libertadores 2008. The Stadium held the 2007 Brazilian Série A attandence's records, with 87.895 fans against Atlético Paranaense and average attandence of 44.719 fans per match, which was ahead of any of the teams in the Brazilian Série A.

In 2008, once again, Flamengo was the leader of Brazilian Série A average attendance with 43.731 fans per match. The club also had the biggest attendance of the season with 81.317 fans in the 0-3 loss to Atlético Mineiromarker on October 11, 2008.

Average attendances per season

Average attendances at Maracanãmarker including friendly matches and other competitions.

Year Avg. Att. Year Avg. Att. Year Avg. Att. Year Avg. Att. Year Avg. Att.
1961 * 1971 35.130 1981 45.145 1991 35.541 2001 *
1962 46.427 1972 46.408 1982 57.156 1992 53.958 2002 *
1963 54.475 1973 42.269 1983 44.046 1993 19.198 2003 *
1964 49.854 1974 37.931 1984 37.956 1994 28.290 2004 *
1965 47.572 1975 40.758 1985 34.657 1995 42.335 2005 *
1966 37.894 1976 54.015 1986 42.689 1996 42.153 2006 *
1967 33.931 1977 45.584 1987 44.715 1997 26.465 2007 42.015
1968 54.676 1978 38.226 1988 28.547 1998 18.127 2008 43.736
1969 61.157 1979 54.606 1989 28.898 1999 37.141 2009
1970 47.980 1980 54.268 1990 33.617 2000 29.329 2010

(*) Information not available.

Average attendances at Brazilian League

Regularly thousands of supporters show the strength of the scarlet-black nation, having the biggest number of highest average attendances per season between all the Brazilian clubs. Out of 38 editions of the Brasileirão, Flamengo held the average attendance record on 12 occasions. Atlético Mineiromarker are the closest followers, having the biggest average attendances nine times.From 1971 to 2006, Flamengo took an average 25.989 supporters per match to the Maracanã. It has to be noted that 2007 and 2008, both years in which Flamengo had an average of over 40.000 supporters per match (and thus both would raise the historical average number), were not counted yet.

Olympic sports

CR Flamengo is not only about Rowing and Football. The club is active in several Olympic sports, such as:


    • International
      • Taça Sul-América (South-America Thophy) 1905
    • National
      • Troféu Brasil (Brazil's National Championship) (10): 1978, 1980, 1982, 1983, 1985, 1989, 1991, 1995-1997
    • Regional
      • State Championship (42): 1916, 1917, 1920, 1933, 1940-1943, 1963, 1965-1969, 1971-1981, 1983-1997, 2003-2004
      • Carioca League: 1935-1937

    • National
      • Brazilian Championship (12): 1968, 1980-1987, 1989, 1991, 2002
      • José Finkel Trophy (12): 1977, 1980-1987, 1990, 2001, 2002
    • Regional
      • State Championship (31): 1928, 1930, 1938-1940, 1968, 1973, 1976, 1979-1998, 2002-2004

    • National
      • Brazilian Championship: 2003
      • Troféu dos Campeões Brasileiros (Brazilian Champion's Trophy) 1952
    • Regional
      • Copa Sudeste (Southeast Cup) 1993
      • Inter-Regional Championship 1995
      • State Championship (17): 1949, 1951, 1953, 1955, 1959-1961, 1977, 1987-1989, 1991-1996, 2005
      • State Championship (B Series): 1940, 1953
      • Segundos Quadros do RJ (B Series) 1953, 1956, 1959-61
    • Local
      • Municipal Championship: 1992, 1993, 1996

    • International
      • South American Championship: 1981
    • National
      • National Championship (8): 1948-1952, 1978, 1980, 2001
      • Rio de Janeiro Tournament 1950
    • Regional
      • State Championship (11): 1938, 1951, 1952, 1954, 1955, 1978, 1979, 1981, 1984, 1999, 2000
      • Torneio Início (Inicio Tournament) 1961
      • State Championship - B Series 1953
      • Segundos Quadros do RJ (B Series) 1952, 1956-57, 1960
    • Local
      • Municipal Championship: 1996

Noted athletes


Noted coaches

  • Volleyball (women)
    • Isabel Salgado

  • Rowing
    • Guilherme Augusto Silva "Buck"

Torcidas organizadas (Ultras)

Usually, in Brazil, each team has their own torcidas organizadas (like Europeans Ultras). Flamengo, like any other Brazilian team has groups of organized supporters, most notably Torcida Jovem-Fla, Charanga Rubro-Negra,Urubuzada, Flamanguaça and Raça Rubro-Negra


  • 1895-1897 Domingos Marques de Azevedo
  • 1898 Augusto Lopes da Silveira
  • 1899 Júlio Gonçalves de A .Furtado
  • 1900 Antonio Ferreira Vianna Filho (resigned)
  • 1900 Jacintho Pinto de L. Júnior
  • 1901 Fidelcino da Silva Leitão
  • 1902 Virgílio Leite de Oliveira e Silva
  • 1903 Arthur John Lawrence Gibbons
  • 1904 Mario Espínola (resigned)
  • 1905 José Agostinho Pereira da Cunha
  • 1905 Manuel Alves de Cruz Rios
  • 1906 Francis Hamilton Wálter
  • 1907-1911 Virgílio Leite de Oliveira e Silva
  • 1912 Edmundo de Azurém Furtado
  • 1913 Virgílio Leite de Oliveira e Silva (resigned)
  • 1913 José Pimenta de Melo Filho
  • 1914 Edmundo de Azurém Furtado
  • 1915 Virgílio Leite de Oliveira e Silva (resigned)
  • 1915 Edmundo de Azurém Furtado
  • 1916 Raul Ferreira Serpa
  • 1917 Carlos Leclerc Castelo Branco
  • 1918-1920 Alberto Burle Figueiredo
  • 1921 Faustino Esposel
  • 1922 Alberto Burle Figueiredo
  • 1923-1924 Júlio Benedito Otoni (resigned)
  • 1924-1927 Faustino Esposel (resigned)
  • 1927 Alberto Borghert
  • 1927 Nillor Rollin Pinheiro
  • 1928-1929 Osvaldo dos Santos Jacinto (resigned)
  • 1929 Carlos Eduardo Façanha Mamede
  • 1930 Alfredo Dolabella Portela (resigned)
  • 1930 Manuel Joaquim de Almeida (resigned)
  • 1931 Carlos Eduardo Façanha Mamede (resigned)
  • 1931 Rubens de Campos Farrula
  • 1931 José de Oliveira Santos
  • 1932 Arthur Lobo da Silva
  • 1933 José de Oliveira Santos

Superleague Formula

Flamengo has a team in the Superleague Formula race car series where football teams lend their name to cars. The Flamengo team was operated in 2008 by Team Astromega, but in 2009 Delta Motorsport, Alan Docking Racing and Azerti Motorsport at some point ran the car. The team have been on the podium twice and their current driver is Enrique Bernoldi who had previously competed in Formula One and the IndyCar Series.


External links

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