The Full Wiki

More info on Codex on the Flight of Birds

Codex on the Flight of Birds: Map


Wikipedia article:

Map showing all locations mentioned on Wikipedia article:

Ms B Fol 88v: Design for a flying machine or catapul, taken from the codex.
Codex on the Flight of Birds is a relatively short codex of circa 1505 by Leonardo da Vinci. It comprises 18 folios and measures 21 × 15 centimetres. Now held at the Biblioteca Reale in Turinmarker, Italy, the codex begins with an examination of the flight behavior of birds and proposes mechanisms for flight by machines. Da Vinci constructed a number of these machines, and attempted to launch them from a hill near Florencemarker. However, his efforts failed.

In the codex, Da Vinci notes for the first time that the center of gravity of a flying bird does not coincide with its center of pressure.


  1. Pedretti, 37
  2. Cremante, 53


  • Cremante, Simona. "Leonardo Da Vinci". Giunti, 1698.
  • Crispino, Enrica; Pedretti, Carlo; Frost, Catherine. "Leonardo: Art and Science". Giunti, 2001. ISBN 8-8090-1511-8
  • Pedretti, Carlo. "A Chronology of Leonardo Da Vinci's Architectural Studies after 1500". Geneva: E. Droz, 1962.

Embed code:

Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address