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Cole's Hill is a National Historic Landmark containing the first cemetery used by the Pilgrims in Plymouth, Massachusettsmarker in 1620. The hill is located on Carver Street near the foot of Leyden Street and across the street from Plymouth Rockmarker.

History

The Pilgrims built their first houses on Leyden Street rising from the side of Cole's Hill to Burial Hill, and the hill was used in 1620-1621 as a burial ground during their first winter in New England. The Pilgrims built their original fort on nearby Burial Hill where several Pilgrims were later buried. The nearby fort housed the original First Parish Church in Plymouth and the Plymouth General Court. Cole's Hill was named after either the tavern owner James Cole who arrived in Plymouth in 1633 or John Cole who purchased the hill around 1697.

Cole's Hill was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1960. Sitting atop the hill is a large statute of Massasoit and a monument containing the remains of Pilgrims who succumbed during the first winter in 1620-21.

References

  1. Pilgrim Hall Website information on James Cole (accessed October 2009)
  2. Polly M. Rettig and Charles E. Shedd (December 10, 1974) National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: Cole's Hill, National Park Service and Accompanying three photos, from 1974


See also

Images

File:Cole's Hill in Plymouth MA.jpg|Cole's Hill from near Plymouth RockFile:Map of early Plymouth MA home lots.png|Map of early Plymouth home lotsFile:Cole's Hill marker in Plymouth Mass.jpg|Cole's Hill marker, in memory of James Cole (1600-1692), first settler of Cole's HillFile:Leyden Street in Plymouth Ma.jpg|Leyden Street, the first street in Plymouth, as seen from First Parish Church in PlymouthFile:Leyden Street in Plymouth Mass.jpg|Leyden Street, the first street in PlymouthFile:Cole's hill, first burial place of the Pilgrims, Plymouth, Mass, by William S. Robbins & Co. 4.jpg|Cole's Hill in late 1800s with the Plymouth Rock canopy to the leftFile:Massasoit statue plymouth 2007.jpg|Massasoit statute at the top of Cole's Hill


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