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College Historical Society
Founded 1770
Home Page TheHist.com
Officers of the College Historical Society, 240th Session
Auditor James Walsh
Treasurer Mark Kearney
Correspondence Secretary Kate Brady
Record Secretary Huw Duffy, Sch.
Censor Emma Fenelon, Sch.
Librarian Colm Denny
Debates Convenor Catherine Murphy


The College Historical Society (commonly known as The Hist within College) was founded in Trinity Collegemarker in 1770 and traces its creation to the historical society founded by the philosopher Edmund Burke in Dublin in 1747. The Hist is the oldest undergraduate student society in the world. It occupies rooms in the Graduates' Memorial Building of Trinity College, Dublinmarker, which it shares with the University Philosophical Society, and the College Theological Society. Its members included many Irish men and women of note, from the republican revolutionary Theobald Wolfe Tone, the noted author Bram Stoker, to founding father of the Northern Irish state Edward Carson and first President of Ireland Douglas Hyde, in more recent times, two current cabinet members, Mary Harney and Brian Lenihan.

History

Foundation

The College Historical Society was founded by Edmund Burke in 1770, with James Reid as its first Auditor, when Burke's Club (founded 1747) merged with the Historical Club (founded 1753). It was a time of great change in Irelandmarker and the Western World, at the height of the Enlightenment and before the American War of Independence and the French Revolution. From its inception it showed itself to be at the forefront of intellectual thought in Ireland, and many of its members later went into politics.

Restrictions and expulsions

Theobald Wolfe Tone, later leader of the United Irishmen, was elected Auditor in 1785, and Thomas Addis Emmet was a member of the committee. The society was briefly expelled from the College in 1794, but readmitted on the condition that "No question of modern politics shall be debated". In 1797 the poet Thomas Moore and the nationalist Robert Emmet were elected as members. Eight members of The Hist were expelled in 1798 in the run-up to the Rebellion, and a motion was later carried condemning the rebellion, against their former Auditor.

Tension between the society and the college flourished in the early nineteenth century. The Auditor was called before the Provost in 1810. In 1812 the provost Dr Thomas Elrington objecting to the motion 'Was Brutus justifiable in putting Julius Caesar to death?'. After a number of members were removed at the request of the College board, the society left the college in 1815.

The Extern Society

The Society continued from 1815 as the Extern Historical Society. Among its members at this time were Isaac Butt, who tried unsuccessfully in 1832 to have the Society readmitted, Joseph Sheridan LeFanu, Thomas Davis and John Blake Dillon and many other notables of the nationalist cause . In 1843 the Society was refounded within the College after a student petition, again on the condition that no subject of current politics was debated. This regulation remains to this day, however its spirit is often broken by the controversial topics discussed regularly in The Hist.

The 19th century

The Society continued successfully after that with many lively debates, including the motion on June 10, 1857 'That the Reform Bill of Lord Grey was not framed in accordance with the wants of the country', proposed by Isaac Butt and opposed by Edward Gibson. This era was considered by many to be the high point of the Society, with many of its members moving to high political positions. It was common for the Members of Parliament for the University to have served on the Committee of the Hist, such as Edward Gibson and David Plunkett, who were both Auditors, and Edward Carson, who was the Librarian. Bram Stoker, author of Dracula, became Auditor in 1872. In 1864 the Society collected money from its members to erect statues outside the College of Edmund Burke and Oliver Goldsmith.

The Society moved to the Graduates' Memorial Building (GMB) in 1904, which it shares with the University Philosophical Society and the College Theological Society. The College Board relaxed its rules, allowing such motions as 'That the Gaelic League is deserving of the support of every Irishman' in 1905 and 1906.

The 20th century

The society continued well through the twentieth century, although the First World War hit it badly, with 136 of its former members killed. Eoin O'Mahony was elected Auditor in 1930 and faced impeachment when he raised a toast to Ireland instead of the King. Interestingly, Eoin O'Mahony offered Lord Carson the Presidency of the Society in 1931, although Carson declined due to ill health, recommending that the position be offerred to former Gold Medallist and future President of Ireland Douglas Hyde, who was to elected to the position. The current President is Prof. David McConnell, a former Librarian and Auditor of the Society and a winner of The Irish Times Debating Competition, and now Chairman of The Irish Times Trust and one of Europe's foremost geneticists.

Women had been refused membership of the society until 1969, when the motion "That this House reveres the memory of Mrs Pankhurst" was debated with Rosaleen Mills participating (the motion, however, was defeated). The first female Auditor, future Tánaiste Mary Harney, was elected in 1976. Since then the Society has had four female Auditors. The Society's Bicentennial Meeting in 1970 was addressed by US Senator Edward Kennedy at which he called the Society "The greatest of the school of the orators".Recent developments have seen the re-opening of the Resource Library, operated in conjunction with the Phil, which holds over 200 books and is made available as a general study area and library for the use of the members of the Society. The Society has also extensively re-developed the Conversation Room with the addition of better facilities such as wireless Internet access. The Society now also holds regular Debating Workshops which teach the various styles of debating and the basics of writing both a competitive debate and a speech for the Wednesday night debates. The Society remains a force in competitive debating at both a national and international level, having been represented in the Grand Final of The Irish Times Debating Competition in 2006, and winning it in three consecutive years, in 2007, 2008 and 2009. The Society has now won this competition on both the individual and team positions more times than any other debating society in Ireland. The Society also won the UCD IV in three consecutive years, 2006, 2007 and 2008. The Society hosted the Worlds' Debating Competition in the 1990s.


Wednesday Night Debates



The main business of the society is the weekly debates held each Wednesday Night during term time.

The wide ranging and varied motions give students an opportunity to debate with experts on the specific motion chosen. The motion is usually based on an important issue taking place in current affairs.

The format of the debate continues to be that of British Parliamentary debating, with the proposition and opposition speaking alternatively. The proceedings are controlled by a guest chairperson. At the end of the debate, the audience have an opportunity to decide which side has made the most persuasive argument.

The Society has seen many figures in recent years with the Northern Ireland debate figuring prominently as one of the consistent highlights of each session. Prominent politicians such as David Ervine, Jeffrey Donaldson and Nobel Peace Prize winner John Hume have spoken at this debate. It is often typical for a Government Minister to address The Hist on a contentious topic. In 2005 the Minister for Justice, Michael McDowell T.D. unveiled proposals for reform of the legal profession at a Hist debate on the matter.
The Society addresses controversial issues. In the 236th Session of the Society, over 500 people attempted to gain access to the Abortion Debate which was targeted by Youth Defence protesters and the Euthanasia Debate was recorded for an upcoming documentary on the pro-Euthanasia group Dignitas for the Canadian Discovery Channel. The Inaugural Meeting of the 236th Session was addressed by Dr. Mary Robinson, a former President of Ireland, United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights Chancellor of the University of Dublin. The Society has also been addressed by every Taoiseach and President of the State.

In the past year, guests have included Northern Irish First Minister Rev. Ian Paisley, democratically-elected Prime Minister in exile of Burmamarker Sein Win, famed author Sir John Mortimer, Oscar nominee James Cromwell, Taoiseach Bertie Ahern and former British Prime Minister Sir John Major, among others.

Recordings of events and speakers are available from the website.

Notable Guests

Politicians



Personalities from the arts



Presidents and Vice-Presidents

Presidents of the Society since 1843



1843-1851 The Rev. Franc Sadleir, D.D., Provost of Trinity College
1852-1854 The Rev. Richard MacDonnell, D.D., Provost of Trinity College
1854-1883 The Right Hon. Sir Joseph Napier, LL.D., Lord Chancellor
1883-1913 The Right Hon. Lord Ashbourne, LL.D., Lord Chancellor
1913-1925 The Right Hon. Sir John Ross, Lord Chancellor
1925-1931 The Right Hon. Lord Glenavy, LL.D., Lord Chancellor, Chairman of the Senate of the Irish Free State, Vice-Chancellor of the University
1931-1949 His Excellency Douglas Hyde, LL.D., Litt.D., President of Ireland
1950-1953 Sir Robert W. Tate, M.A., Litt.D., S.F.T.C.D.
1953-1983 Frederick Boland, LL.D., Irish Representative at the UN, President of the UN General Assembly, Chancellor of the Universitymarker, Medallist
1983-2003 Dr. Conor Cruise O’Brien, B.A., Ph.D., Litt.D., M.R.I.A., T.D., Medallist
2003- Prof. David John McConnell, B.A., Ph.D., F.T.C.D., M.R.I.A., F.Z.S.I. ex-Auditor, Medallist


Current Vice-Presidents

  • Professor R.B. McDowell, Professor Emeritus
  • John N. Ross, former solicitor and Senator for Dublin University
  • Stephen G. Harris
  • William Arthur Watts, former Provost
  • Mary Robinson, former Senator and President of Ireland
  • Professor Gary H. Holbrook
  • Michael J. Cameron, Former Auditor
  • Shane Ross, Senator for Dublin University
  • David Norris, Senator for Dublin University
  • Senator Mary Henry
  • Eric Lowry, former Auditor
  • The Hon. Justice Declan N. O. Budd, Justice of the High Court
  • David O'Sullivan, European Community Director General for Trade
  • Sir Brian Williamson, former Auditor
  • Mary Harney, Leader of the Progressive Democrats 1993-2006 and Cabinet Minister since 1997


Notable Auditors



Other notable members



Committee structure

Logo of 238th Session of the College Historical Society (2007-2008)
The Committee of the College Historical Society consists of 15 individuals: seven Officers (Auditor, Treasurer, Correspondence Secretary, Record Secretary, Censor, Librarian and the Debates Convenor) and eight other Members of Committee (with the positions of Deputy Correspondence Secretary and the Senior Member of Committee directly elected since 2008). All but one of these positions is directly elected: the Debates Convenor, whose role is to encourage and develop competitive debating within the society with specific responsibility for co-hosting the Trinity IV (comprising the Kingsmill-Moore Invitational and Dean Swift IV) with the University Philosophical Society. The Convenor is appointed by the Auditor with the approval of the Committee following each annual election. The position was added in the 234th Session. It existed previously for two years off committee.

Traditionally, Members of Committee were assigned as deputies to Officers based on the order of their election. Under this system, MC VI was pro-Librarian, MC V was pro-Censor and so on. In the 238th Session under Auditor Tim Smyth, this system was changed with MCs assigned to an Officer following the first Committee Meeting of the Session.

There also exists a number of standing committees which are under the direction of respective Officers. The Clerks Committee (established in the 236th Session) is appointed to assist the Correspondence Secretary with the logistics of organising the weekly debates. Debates Committee is under the direction of the Debates Convenor and organises the weekly Debating Workshops and seminars held by The Hist, as well as a number of other initiatives such as the Schools' Mace, and the National Maidens competition (No longer always hosted by the Hist, for geographical convenience it is rotated with a number of NUI constituent universities and the University of Limerick). The Censor also has responsibility for a sub-committee, the Records & Libraries Committee. Two other sub-committees, the Electoral Sub-Committee and the Officers' Conduct Report Sub-Committee are formed when an election is required and before the Annual General Meeting, respectively.

References




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