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College Park is a city in Prince George's County, Marylandmarker, USAmarker. The population was 24,657 at the 2000 census. It is best known as the home of the University of Maryland, College Parkmarker, and since 1994 the city has also been home to the "Archives II" facility of the U.S. National Archivesmarker.

College Park's United States Postal Service ZIP codes are 20740, 20741 (Berwyn Heights; North College Park) and 20742 (University of Maryland).

Bordering areas



Geography

College Park is located at (38.996560, -76.927509).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.4 square miles (14.1 km²), of which, 5.4 square miles (14.1 km²) of it is land and 0.18% is water.

History

Spring Training

In 1943, the Washington Senators held Spring Training camp in College Park. In order to conserve rail transport during World War II, the 1943 Spring Training was limited to an area east of the Mississippi River and north of the Ohio River.

September 2001 Tornado

On September 24, 2001, a violent, multiple-vortex F3 tornado roared through the area. This storm moved at peak intensity through the University of Maryland, College Park campus, and then moved parallel to I-95 through the Laurelmarker area, where F3 damage was also noted. The damage path from this storm was measured at 17.5 miles in length, and this tornado caused 2 deaths and 55 injuries, along with $101 million in property damage. The two deaths were sisters who died when their car was picked up and hurled over a building before being slammed to the ground; both young women were UMCPmarker students.

This tornado was part of the Maryland, Virginia, and Washington, D.C., tornado outbreak of 2001, one of the most dramatic recent tornado events to directly affect the Baltimore-Washington metropolitan area.

The first tornado of the outbreak was also the strongest – an F4 (see Fujita scale) tornado that left a 10-mile-long damage path through rural Culpeper and Fauquier Counties in Virginia. Weak (F1) tornadoes east of Warrenton, and just west of Dulles International Airport soon followed.

A second supercell to the southeast spawned the family of tornadoes that moved through Washington. A first tornado (F0) was confirmed in the Quantico and Prince William Forest Park areas; this was soon followed by an F1 tornado that left a 15-mile-long path parallel to I-95 and I-395 through Franconia, western Alexandria and Arlington. This tornado dissipated near the west end of the Mall in Washington, D.C.marker, and was followed by many reports of funnel clouds. This same storm produced the F3 tornado that roared through College Park.

Historic sites

The following is a list of historic sites in College Park identified by the Maryland-National Capital Park and Planning Commission. Part of the city is located within the Calvert Hills Historic Districtmarker; listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2002.

Site name Image Location M-NCPPC Inventory Number Comment
1 Baker-Holliday House 5005 Huron Street 66-027-24 Located in Daniels Park.
2 Bowers-Sargent House 9312 Rhode Island Avenue 66-027-28 Located in Daniels Park.
3 College Park Airportmarker 6709 Corporal Frank S. Scott Drive 66-004 Listed on the National Register of Historic Places, September 23, 1977
4 College Park Woman’s Club 4711 Knox Road 66-021-09 Owned by the City of College Park.
5 Cory House 4710 College Avenue 66-021-08
6 Holbrook House 4618 College Avenue 66-021-31
7 Lake House 8524 Potomac Avenue 66-018 Located in Berwyn.
8 LaValle House 5013 Huron Street 66-027-25 Located in Daniels Park.
9 McDonnell House 7400 Dartmouth Avenue 66-021-10
10 National Archives Archeological Site Address Restricted 66-036 Listed on the National Register of Historic Places, August 22, 1996
11 Rossborough Inn Baltimore Avenue (US 1) 66-035-02 Located on the University of Maryland campus.
12 Taliaferro House 7406 Columbia Avenue 66-021-30


Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 24,657 people, 6,030 households, and 3,039 families residing in the city. The population density was 4,537.5 people per square mile (1,753.2/km²). There were 6,245 housing units at an average density of 1,149.2/sq mi (444.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 68.82% White, 15.93% Black or African American, 0.33% Native American, 10.03% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 2.57% from other races, and 2.31% from two or more races. 5.54% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 6,030 households out of which 19.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.6% were married couples living together, 8.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 49.6% were non-families. 25.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.11.

In the city the population was spread out with 10.5% under the age of 18, 51.3% from 18 to 24, 19.8% from 25 to 44, 11.3% from 45 to 64, and 7.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 22 years. For every 100 females there were 110.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 111.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $50,168, and the median income for a family was $62,759 (these figures had risen to $66,953 and $82,295 respectively as of a 2007 estimate). Males had a median income of $40,445 versus $31,631 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,026. About 4.2% of families and 19.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.9% of those under age 18 and 9.2% of those age 65 or over.

Government

The Government of College Park is a Council-Manager form of government. The city manager is appointed by the city council and the mayor elected every two years. The council has eight councilmembers, representing four districts in the city. City Council meetings are held once a week at the College Park City Hall.

The current Mayor of College Park is Stephen A. Brayman, who took office in 2001. Previous Mayors were:

College Park has six government departments:
  • Administration
  • Finance
  • Public Services
  • Planning
  • Community Resources
  • Public Works


Neighborhoods

  • Autoville/Cherry Hill
  • Berwyn
  • Branchville
  • Calvert Hillsmarker
  • College Park Woods
  • Crystal Springs/Patricia Court
  • Daniels Park
  • Hollywood
  • Lakeland
  • North College Park
  • Old Town
  • Sunnyside
  • Yarrow


Development

Image produced at the Student Design Charrette for a new College Park.


By the turn of the 21st century, College Park began experiencing significant development pressure. Both students and city residents have decried the city's lack of amenities and poor sense of place. In 2002, the city and county passed the Route 1 Sector Plan, which allowed and encouraged mixed use development on College Park's main roadway.

Recent projects like the East Campus Redevelopment Initiative, the University View and Northgate Condos give many in the community hope that the city may one day be like other notable college towns around the country, with a vibrant downtown and a diverse population. A full list of current projects in the pipeline can be found on the City of College Park's Economic Development Updates.

The University of Maryland's Student Government Association sponsored a design charrette in April 2006 to envision the future of College Park. In July 2006, a group of students created Rethink College Park—a website/blog/community group that provides information about development and encourages public dialogue.

Transportation

Airport

College Park Airportmarker is one of the oldest continuously operating airports in the United Statesmarker and is one of the oldest airports in the world, having been in continuous operation since 1909. Its future status is uncertain, as it lies just a few miles outside the restricted airspace of Washington, D.C.marker In 1977, the airport was added to the National Register of Historic Places.

Major highways



Public transportation

College Park has its own station on Washington Metro's Green Line.
College Park has a station (College Park-U of Mdmarker) on the Washington Metromarker Green Line; a large commuter parking garage was completed in 2004 adjacent to the Metro station. MARC trains run on CSX tracks adjacent to the Green Line and stop at a small station next to the College Park Metro station. The Metro station lies at what had been the historic junction of Calvert Road and the CSX tracks.

Media

  • UMTV
  • WMUC broadcasts from the University of Maryland campus, with a range of two miles - roughly from the campus to the Beltway. It is also broadcast over the internet at wmucradio.com.
  • The Diamondback, a student publication, is distributed five days a week on a limited basis downtown, including in city hall, and widely on the campus of the University of Maryland.
  • A College Park edition of The Gazette (a weekly publication distributed widely featuring community news) is available throughout the city and is distributed free.
  • The oldest operational Persian Podcast is called Radio College Park as it is produced by a group of Iranian graduate students at the University of Maryland, College Parkmarker.


Education

Colleges and universities

The University of Maryland, College Parkmarker is located within the city limits of College Park.

College Park is served by Prince George's County Public Schools. The city is zoned to several different schools.

Primary and secondary schools

Public schools

Elementary school students attend:

Middle school students attend:

High school students attend:

Private schools



City-student politics

Like many college towns, College Park has had its share of political controversy. Occasionally, University of Marylandmarker students plan voter registration drives and seek to elect one of their own to the city council. City residents, including students living within the city are eligible to run for city council if they are over the age of 21. Over the past twenty years there have been multiple attempts, none of which ended with much success.

  • 1993 – Dana L. Loewenstein & Michael J. Moore – Perhaps the most controversial of all student races was that of Loewenstein, a former president of the Panhellenic Association, the sorority umbrella organization at the university. A year after she had lost the election, she was charged with 16 counts of perjury, 16 counts of aiding and advising to falsely register voters and faced a maximum prison sentence of over 200+ years. Ms. Loewenstein's opponent in the council race, Michael Smith, joined former council member Chester Joy in filing a complaint with the Prince George's Countymarker Board of Elections days before the Nov. 2 election. The complaint alleged that 16 of her sorority pledges lived in one district but registered in another. The complaint was turned over to the state's attorney, who filed criminal charges against Loewenstein a year after she lost the election. The complaint alleged that all of the pledges lived in on-campus dorms but used the Sigma Delta Tau house address as their residence. At trial, the 16 sorority pledges testified they signed the registration cards during their first meeting, when they were probationary members. Loewenstein was found not guilty by the Circuit Court.


  • 2001 – Mike Mann & Daniel Dorfman – In November 2001, Michael Mann and Daniel Dorfman, sought the two District 3 seats on the College Park City Council. Campaigning against incumbent Eric Olson and for an open seat created by then-councilman Brayman's decision to run for mayor, the two campaigned heavily to inform students there was a council race going on that year, and registered over 700 students to vote in the municipal election. Despite their hard work and an almost year-long campaign, they were defeated.


  • 2007 – Nick Aragon – In January 2007, Nick Aragon lost a special election for the city council. Two incumbents created a vacancy when they were elected to higher county offices. In turn, the city was forced to hold a special election after the November 2006 elections. The city chose an election date during the university's winter recess, a time when many students were away from the city. With some help from the Student Government Association (SGA) and an endorsement by College Park Mayor Steve Brayman, the Aragon campaign encouraged students to use absentee ballots, although few actually did, and Aragon lost the election.


Gallery

Image:University Hills park.jpg|University Hills Park pond, College Park, MD.Image:HJ Patterson building at UMCP, main entrance, morning, August 21, 2006.jpg|HJ Patterson Hall, University of Maryland, College Park.Image:McKeldin Library, front view, mid-afternoon light, August 21, 2006.jpg|McKeldin Library, University of Maryland, College Park.

References

  • A Guide to the City of College Park, from the City of College Park city hall.


External links




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