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Club Social y Deportivo Colo-Colo is a Chileanmarker football club. It has won a record number of national titles and is the only Chilean team to have won the Copa Libertadores de América (1991). Colo-Colo is known as the "Albos" (snow whites), "Cacique", "El Indio" (the Indian) and "Eterno Campeón" (eternal champion). Their traditional colours consist of a white shirt, black shorts, and white socks. After the death of David Arellano a founding father, black was added to the top of the emblem on the white shirt as a tribute. In a dual sign the name of the stadium was also dedicated to him as a living memory. Colo-Colo plays in the Chilean commune of Maculmarker located within Santiagomarker. Since 2005 it is managed by Blanco y Negro S.A., an entity for which 13,77% is controlled by millionaire and presidential candidate Sebastián Piñera.

Colo-Colo has won a combined total of 49 titles, encompassing 4 amateur titles, 42 national tournaments in the professional era and 3 international championships. Since the creation of the Primera División of Chile in 1933, Colo-Colo is the only club to have played in every season never having been relegated. The club has won a record 28 Primera División de Chile championships. The club is ranked among the top 30 football clubs in the IFFHS All-Time Club World Ranking.

History

Foundation and amateur era (1925-1933)

At the beginning of 1925, football club Magallanes were undergoing an internal institutional crisis, stemming from problems between administrators and a few of the players who wanted to turn the club into a professional entity. A breakdown in negotiations provoked a few of the younger players to resign from the team after encountering opposition from the club's directors, established players, and fans.

After a series of reunions the former club Magallanes players led by David Arellano decided to establish their new club creating Colo-Colo on April 19, 1925. Colo-Colo was named after a Chilean Mapuche chief. The individuals involved included, the Arellano brothers, David and Francisco; Juan Quiñones (who designed the team uniform and colors); Luis Contreras (who came up with the name); Rubén and Nicolás Arroyo; Clemente Acuña; Guillermo Garcés; Rubén Sepúlveda; Eduardo Stavelton; and Luis Mancilla.

The club were victorious upon winning the (Primera División de la Liga Metropolitana) through an unbeaten fashion. This was also the first tournament that Colo-Colo entered and successfully completed. The year 1927 had Colo-Colo as being the first Chilean club team to go on tour across Europe to participate in a round of friendly games. Tragedy struck on the tour when on May 2, 1927, in an exhibition match against Real Valladolid of Spainmarker team captain and founder David Arellano was critically injured after suffering a collision with an opposing player that caused Peritonitis. The inflammation would lead to his death the next day. Despite the huge loss, the club carried on and won the (Primera División de la Liga Central de Football) championships the following three years in 1928, 1929, and 1930.

During the years 1931-32 the club experienced their first institutional crisis when the directors wanted to invest a large amount of money in newer players. The new acquisitions did not render the team any positive results, therefore creating a decrease in salaries throughout the rest of the squad.

On December 8, 1932 Colo-Colo returned to play another championship final against Santiago based club Audax Italiano. As Colo-Colo was winning 2-1, a platform in the Audax Italiano stadium collapsed as fans were trying to rush the field of play. The match was canceled and the champion for that year remained vacant. The tragedy resulted in 130 injuries and 3 deaths.

Professional era (1933-1979)

The Colo-Colo squad that obtained the national title in 1937.
In the early 30's many of the Santiago based clubs in Chile along with Colo-Colo decided to create a professional football league within the country. The league was established in 1933. At the end of the inaugural league both Colo-Colo and Magallanes were tied on points. A decisive final between both clubs were held where Magallanes went on to win 2:1.

Colo-Colo were not able to earn their first national title until 1937. The club did so by winning it that year unbeaten. Colo-Colo won their second national title under the direction of manager Franz Platko. Chilean player Alfonso Dominguez contributed in the championship that year by scoring 32 goals in 24 matches.

In the 1940s while still under the management of Platko, the club obtained a new title in 1941. This was followed by the 1944 and 1947 championships. The latter title served as the basis for the South American Club Championship of 1948 which was organized by Colo-Colo and held in Santiago, Chilemarker. The tournament served as a pre-cursor to the Copa Libertadores.

During the 1950s, under the club presidency of Antonio Laban, the services of Chilean striker Jorge Robledo of Newcastle United were obtained. His performances contributed in Colo-Colo winning the national championships of 1953 and 1956. The latter was the same year in which 28 hectares of territory was acquired by Colo-Colo in the commune of Macul, initiating the construction of the future Estadio Monumental.

The following decade began with the obtainment of the 1960 and 1963 national championships. The 1963 championship was historical in that two records were broken. The first was for the most maximum number of goals scored by a club in a season (103), and the second for the maximum number of goals ever scored in a single season (Luis Alvarez with 37 goals). This year also marked the breaking of tradition of only playing with Chileans since 1944, with the signing of Argentine Walter Jimenez. Until the end of the decade, Colo-Colo were only able to realize irregular national campaigns, which were dominated by both Universidad de Chile and Universidad Catolica. The drought ended when Colo-Colo won the 1970 national championship, the club's tenth title.

In 1972 under the technical direction of Luis Alamos, and with focal players Francisco Valdés and Carlos Caszely, Colo-Colo again won the championship. This championship winning team built the foundation of (Colo-Colo '73), the first team from Chile to compete in a Copa Libertadores final, losing to Independiente of Argentina. Soon after, the club entered a sporting and institutional crisis which was solved at least in the sporting aspect with the obtainment of the 1979 national championship.

Copa Libertadores

Colo Colo suffered defeat in the 1973 Copa Libertadores final and waited to crown themselves as Copa Libertadores champions 18 years later on June 5, 1991. Colo-Colo played the final against Olimpia Asunción. The first leg, played in Asunción, Paraguaymarker ended in a 0-0 draw. In the second leg Colo-Colo pulled out a 3-0 win, with two goals scored by Luis Pérez who did not have a starting role prior to the game and one by Leonel Herrera who came in as a substitute.

Crest and colours

The Mapuche cacique, Colo-Colo, is a historic symbol of heroic courage, bravery, and wisdom who fought, never surrendered, and never lost to the Spaniards during the Arauco War. The team colors (white and black) portray the philosophy of the founders: "The white shirt stands as a symbol of purity in principles and intentions and the black of the pants represents the determination to always fight loyally for the victory." The black bar above the badge symbolizes the early death of David Arellano who is remembered for having founded one of the most important teams in Chile.

Stadium

Colo-Colo's stadium, Estadio Monumental David Arellanomarker, is located in Maculmarker, Santiagomarker and has a 45,953 capacity. Colo-Colo inaugurated the stadium on September 30, 1989 with a match against Peñarol. The home team went on to win by a final score of 2:1.
Garra Blanca


Supporters

The diehard fans, "Ultras", "Hinchada" or "Barra", are known as the Garra Blanca ( literally white claw, but "garra" in Spanish also means "fuerza", so the correct translation is "white force"). They are the largest organized group of football fans in Chile. Garra Blanca is known to follow the team and support it in every city and stadium where Colo-Colo plays. Also the "Garra Blanca" is the oldest "barra brava" of the country, it was founded in 1985.

Honours

Trophy gallery showcasing the international titles obtained by Colo-Colo

Amateur Championships

  • Campeonato Liga Central de Football de Santiago
    • Winners (3): 1925, 1928, 1929
  • Campeonato Asociación de Football de Santiago
    • Winners (1): 1930


National honours

  • Liga Chilena de Fútbol: Primera División
    • Winners (28): 1937 (unbeaten), 1939, 1941 (unbeaten), 1944, 1947, 1953, 1956, 1960, 1963, 1970, 1972, 1979, 1981, 1983, 1986, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1993, 1996, 1997 (C), 1998, 2002 (C), 2006 (A), 2006 (C), 2007 (A), 2007 (C), 2008 (C)
    • Runners-up (16): 1933, 1943, 1952, 1954, 1955, 1958, 1959, 1966, 1970, 1973, 1982, 1987, 1992, 1997 (A), 2003 (A), 2003 (C), 2008 (A)


  • Copa Chile
    • Winners (10): 1958, 1974, 1981, 1982, 1985, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1994, 1996
    • Runners-up (4): 1979, 1980, 1987, 1992


International honours



Current squad

Current Squad for Clausura 2009

 


 


 


Squad changes for Clausura 09

In:

In on Loan:

Out:

Out on Loan:

Squad & Formations

2009 Clausura Squad Lineup



Colo Colo: Clausura 2009 lineup


Colo-Colo at the Copa Sudamericana 2006



Colo Colo: Sudamericana 2006 lineup


Year PG W D L GF GA PTS GD Stage
2006 12 8 1 3 29 12 25 +17 Finalist
2007 6 1 5 0 7 5 8 +2 Round of 16
Total 18 9 6 3 36 17 33 19


Noted players



Managers



Presidents

  • Alberto Parodi 1925 -1926
  • Tomás Olivo 1926 - 1926
  • Carlos Bello 1926 - 1928
  • Carlo Cariola 1928 - 1929
  • Carlos Concha 1929 - 1930
  • Gonzalo Debesa 1930 - 1931
  • Fernando Larraín 1931 - 1932
  • Tomás Olivo 1932 - 1933
  • Waldo Sanhueza 1933 - 1934
  • Robinson Álvarez 1934 - 1935
  • Alfonso Silva 1936 - 1937
  • Ernesto Blake 1937 - 1939
  • Robinson Álvarez 1939 - 1942
  • Ernesto Blake 1937 - 1939
  • Robinson Álvarez 1939 - 1942
  • Tomás Olivo 1942 - 1943
  • Robinson Alvarez 1943 - 1949
  • Hugo Larraín 1949 - 1951
  • Pedro Foncea 1951 - 1953
  • Antonio Labán 1953 - 1962
  • Jovino Novoa Vidal 1962 - 1964
  • Guillermo Herrera 1964 - 1968
  • Guillermo Ferrer 1968 - 1969
  • Héctor Gálvez 1969 - 1976
  • Javier Vial 1976 - 1978
  • Luis Alberto Simián 1978 - 1979
  • Miguel Balbi 1979 - 1979
  • Alejandro Ascuí 1980 - 1984
  • Patricio Vildósola 1984 - 1984
  • Naín Rostión 1985 - 1985
  • Peter Dragicevic 1986 - 1991
  • Eduardo Menichetti 1991 - 1994
  • Peter Dragicevic 1994 - 2002
  • Juan Carlos Saffie (síndico de quiebra) 2002 - 2003
  • Francisco Goñi (síndico de quiebra) 2003 - 2004
  • Patricio Jamarne (síndico de quiebra) 2004 - 2005
  • Cristián Varela 2005 - 2007
  • Gabriel Ruiz-Tagle 2007 - incumbent


Player records

Primera División Topscorers



International Topscores



South American Player of the Year



South American Footballer of the Year



South American Coach of the Year



The World's Top Goal Scorer



Official sponsors



References

  1. http://anfp.cl/portal1a.php?equipo=20
  2. Piñera aumenta participación en Colo Colo
  3. Coventric!
  4. IFFHS
  5. Salinas, Sebastián: «De rebeldes a invencibles», en Por Empuje Y Coraje. Los Albos en la época amateur 1925-1933. Santiago: Central de Estadísticas Deportivas (CEDEP), 2004. 9562991253
  6. http://www.memoriachilena.cl/archivos2/pdfs/MC0006536.pdf
  7. Salinas, Sebastián: «Crisis adentro, crisis afuera», en Por Empuje Y Coraje. Los Albos en la época amateur 1925-1933. Santiago: Central de Estadísticas Deportivas (CEDEP), 2004. 9562991253
  8. http://www.perfil.com/contenidos/2008/03/13/noticia_0054.html
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External links




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