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This article is about the town. For the village of the same name, see Colonie , New Yorkmarker.


Colonie is a town in Albany County, New Yorkmarker, United Statesmarker ( ). It is the largest suburb of Albany, New Yorkmarker. Several hamlets exist within the town. As of the 2000 census, the town had a total population of 79,258. The name is derived from the Dutch Colonye or "Colonie," derived from the Colonie of Rensselaerswyckmarker. All the land outside the Village of Beverwyck (now Albany) was referred to as the "Colonie." It was named in 2009 the safest municipality with a population of over 75,000 in the United States.

The town of Colonie is north of Albanymarker, New York, and is at the northern border of the county. Within the town of Colonie are two villages, one also known as Colonie and the other known as Menands.

History

Town of Watervliet in 1866
This area was once part of the Rensselaerwyck manor.The town of Colonie was formed in 1895 after the rural residents of the town of Watervliet opposed the state's proposal to transform the entire town into a city of Watervliet. The village of Green Island was also split off as a town from the town of Watervliet as well and the village of West Troy that remained became the current city of Watervlietmarker. All debts from the original town were divided proportionally between Green Island, Watervliet, and Colonie. Several lawsuits worked their way through the court system from the results of division. The original town of Watervliet was the "mother of towns" in Albany County, having once been all the land outside of the city of Albany within the county, all current towns either were formed directly from Watervliet or from a town formed from Watervliet.

The central part of the town was once the location of the extensive Shaker community farms. Much of that land is now occupied by the Albany International Airportmarker.

Through to the 1930s, Colonie was a simple series of extensive farms and a few hamlets. However, in the post-war years, there was intensive suburban development, originally on the corridor that connected Albany and Schenectady, but quickly throughout the entire township. By 1980, suburban development had saturated the community. At the same time, there were large highways (I-87, I-787, US Rt. 9 and NY Rt. 7) which drastically changed the nature of the town and life there. The Colonie of the 1990s was an entirely different community from the town of fifty years before.

In November 2007, the town of Colonie was ranked the sixth safest place to live in a Morgan Quitno Publishing study of crime rates across the United States.

The current Supervisor of the Town of Colonie is Democrat Paula Mahan. She was elected to her first term in November 2007, defeating long-time Republican incumbent Mary Brizzell. The Colonie GOP had held the reins of town government since the 1930s. Mahan's upset victory shook the local political scene as one of the great upsets in Albany County electoral history.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 149.9 km² (57.9 mi²). 145.2 km² (56.1 mi²) of it is land and 4.7 km² (1.8 mi²) of it (3.11%) is water.

The north town line borders Schenectady Countymarker, and Saratoga Countymarker, marked by the Mohawk River. The east town line is the border of Rensselaer County, marked by the Hudson River. The town lies near the junction of the Hudson and the Mohawk.

Interstate 87 and US Route 9 pass through the town. State Routes 5, 7, and 32 also carry a tremendous amount of traffic.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 79,258 people, 30,980 households, and 20,539 families residing in the town. The population density was 545.8/km² (1,413.6/mi²). There were 32,280 housing units at an average density of 222.3/km² (575.7/mi²). The racial makeup of the town was 90.55% White, 3.96% Black or African American, 0.15% Native American, 3.59% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.61% from other races, and 1.13% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.86% of the population.

There were 30,980 households out of which 29.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.3% were married couples living together, 9.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.7% were non-families. 28.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the town the population was spread out with 21.8% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 27.8% from 25 to 44, 25.1% from 45 to 64, and 16.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 92.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.6 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $51,817, and the median income for a family was $62,649. Males had a median income of $41,453 versus $30,763 for females. The per capita income for the town was $25,231. About 3.0% of families and 4.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.5% of those under age 18 and 6.0% of those age 65 or over.

Emergency services

Law enforcement in the town is primarily provided by the Town of Colonie Police Department and Village of Menands Police Department. However, that law enforcement is supplemented by the New York State Police Troop G (the headquarters of which lies within the town of Colonie), and the Albany County Sheriff's Department that patrols the Albany International Airport and operates the Albany County Correctional Facilities (which also lie within the town of Colonie).

Emergency medical service (advanced and basic) in the town is primarily provided by the Town of Colonie Emergency Medical Services Department. The EMS Department also serves as an integral part of any heavy or light rescue operations in the town.

Firefighting service in the town is primarily provided by one of twelve (*mostly volunteer) firefighting agencies, and one paid fire brigade.

These agencies encompass thirteen fire companies (West Albany Fire District has two companies), seventeen fire stations, two small rescue boats (Boght & Verdoy), six ladder trucks (Fuller Road, Latham, Menands, Midway, Schuyler Heights, and Shaker Road-Loudonville), one Hazardous Materials Specialty Rescue (West Albany), one Trench/Structural Collapse Specialty Rescue (Village of Colonie), one Confined Space Specialty Rescue (Latham), eight General/Light Rescue apparatus, numerous full-size pumpers, a small number of attack pumpers, and a small number of EMS First-Response vehicles.



The Albany International Airport Fire Brigade consists of a full-time paid crash/fire/rescue staff, three crash/rescue vehicles, a mini pumper, hazmat truck, foam re-supply truck, and a full-size pumper. However, the airport's fire units stay on Airport Authority property most of the time, and are housed in an yet another fire station that is on the Airport Authority's property. Occasionally, the Airport Fire Brigade responds to mutual aid requests with the bordering Shaker Road-Loudonville Fire Department, as well as other fire agencies within the Town of Colonie and Albany County.

  • Also located in the town of Colonie is a FEMA Urban Search and Rescue (USAR) Team New York Task Force 2 (NY-TF2.) NY-TF2 (then known as the New York Regional Response Team-1 {NYRRT-1}) was the first USAR team on site immediately following the collapse of the World Trade Center. This was owing to the fact that many members of NY-TF1 (based out of New York City) were members of the FDNY that perished in the collapse. Those same members provided much of the initial training to NY-TF2.


Education

There are four public school districts that serve the town of Colonie, the South Colonie Central School District, North Colonie Central Schools, Watervliet City School District,marker and Menands Union Free School District. South Colonie (Colonie Central High School) serves much of the western part of the town, including West Albany, the village of Colonie, and a small part of the adjoining town of Niskayunamarker. North Colonie (Shaker High School) serves Latham and the smaller, sub-urban and rural hamlets to the north of Latham, as well as most of Loudonville and Newtonville. The Watervliet City School District (Watervliet High School)serves some students from Menands and the Schuyler Heights area. The Menands Union Free School District is a single building school district serving the village of Menands and educates students from kindergarten through eighth grade. Upon completion of eighth grade, Menands Union Free School District students choose from a list (developed by the Menands UFSD) of local high schools to attend[34857]. In 2008, a fifth public school district, the Maplewood-Colonie Common School District, merged with and into the North Colonie School District. Siena Collegemarker, a liberal arts college, is located in the hamlet of Newtonville (but has a Loudonville mailing address).

Media

There are two dedicated newspapers for parts of the town, the Colonie Spotlight and Loudonville Spotlight. Also, Channel 17 on Time Warner Cable in the town is a community station devoted to town news, programming, and events. The studios are located inside the town library.

Although not dedicated to the town of Colonie, the offices and distribution center for the major daily local newspaper, Albany Times Union (owned by the Hearst Corporation), lies within the town.

The town was the site of the fourth season finale of Extreme Makeover: Home Edition in 2007. Many businesses in the Capital Districtmarker contributed to building a new home for the Oatman-Gaitan Family, consisting of a mother with three adopted children, two of whom were HIV-positive.

Communities and locations

In the town



Near the town

References

  1. http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,576332,00.html?test=latestnews


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