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The Common Crane (Grus grus), also known as the Eurasian Crane, is a bird of the family Gruidae, the cranes.
It is a large, stately bird and a medium-sized crane at 100-130 cm (40-52 in) long, with a 180-240 cm (71-96 in) wingspan and a weight of 4.5-6 kg (10-13.2 lbs). It is grey with a white facial streak and a bunch of black wing plumes. Adults have a red crown patch. It has a loud trumpeting call, given in flight and display. It has a dancing display, leaping with wings uplifted.

It breeds in wetlands in northern parts of Europe and Asia. The global population is in the region of 210,000-250,000, with the vast majority nesting in Russiamarker and Scandinavia. In Great Britainmarker the Common Crane became extinct in the 17th century, but a tiny population now breeds again in the Norfolk Broads and is slowly increasing.

It is a long distance migrant wintering in Africa (south to Moroccomarker and Ethiopiamarker), southern Europe, and southern Asia (south to northern Pakistanmarker and eastern Chinamarker). Migrating flocks fly in a V formation.

It is a rare visitor to western North America, where birds are occasionally seen with flocks of migrating Sandhill Cranes.

It is omnivorous, eating leaves, roots, berries (including notably the cranberry, which is probably named after the species), insects, small birds and mammals.

The Common Crane is one of the species to which the Agreement on the Conservation of African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbirds (AEWA) applies.

See also



Image:Common Cranes (Grus grus) at Sultanpur I Picture 085.jpg| at Sultanpur National Park in Gurgaonmarker District of Haryanamarker, Indiamarker.Image:Common Cranes (Grus grus) at Sultanpur I Picture 076.jpg| at Sultanpur National Park in Gurgaonmarker District of Haryanamarker, Indiamarker.Image:Common Cranes (Grus grus)- Adults & Immatures at Bharatpur I IMG 5659.jpg| Adults & Immatures at Keoladeo National Parkmarker, Bharatpurmarker, Rajasthanmarker, Indiamarker.Image:Common Cranes (Grus grus)- Adult & Immature at Bharatpur I IMG 5610.jpg| Adults & Immatures at Keoladeo National Parkmarker, Bharatpurmarker, Rajasthanmarker, Indiamarker.Image:Grus_grus_2_(Marek_Szczepanek).jpgImage:Grus_grus_3_(Marek_Szczepanek).jpgImage:Grus_grus_4_(Marek_Szczepanek).jpgImage:Grus_grus_5_(Marek_Szczepanek).jpgImage:Grus_grus_6_(Marek_Szczepanek).jpgImage:Grus grus flight.jpgImage:Common Crane-Mindaugas Urbonas-1.jpg

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