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The Communist Party of the Philippines (in Filipino: Partido Komunista ng Pilipinas) is the leading communist party in the Philippinesmarker. The party was formed in a remote barangay in Alaminosmarker, Pangasinanmarker on December 26, 1968, following a split from the Partido Komunista ng Pilipinas. The party was founded by Jose Maria Sison, who confirmed its birth at Barangay Dulacac in the tri-boundary of Alaminos, Bani and Mabini in the province of Pangasinanmarker. This is where the CPP "congress of reestablishment" was held on December 26, 1968, at a hut near the house of the Navarettes, the parents-in-law of Arthur Garcia, one of the CPP founders.Sison announced that communist guerillas held "cultural activities" and celebrated the 39th anniversary of the movement.On December 26, 2007, the Communist Party of the Philippines commemorated its 39th anniversary.

CPP is ideologically Maoist and has been fighting a "protracted people's war" through its armed wing, the New People's Army since 1969. It participates in the Maoist International Conference of Marxist-Leninist Parties and Organizations. It heads the broad revolutionary front organization, the National Democratic Front.

The Communist Party of the Philippines, Marxist-Leninist/Mao Tse-tung Thought, is a revolutionary proletarian party that looks upon the legacies of past Philippine rebellions and revolutions and of the theories of Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels, Vladimir Lenin, Joseph Stalin, and Mao Zedong. It assists the progress of theory and practice in the world proletarian revolution that is guided by Marxism-Leninism-Mao Zedong Thought (Preamble, Constitution of the Communist Party of the Philippines, 1968).

CPP is considered a Foreign Terrorist Organization by the United Statesmarker Government.

Amnesty Proclamation

On September 5, 2007, President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo signed Amnesty Proclamation 1377 for members of the Communist Party of the Philippines and its armed wing, the New People's Army; other communist rebel groups; and their umbrella organization, the National Democratic Front. The amnesty will cover the crime of rebellion and all other crimes "in pursuit of political beliefs," but not including crimes against chastity, rape, torture, kidnapping for ransom, use and trafficking of illegal drugs and other crimes for personal ends and violations of international law or convention and protocols "even if alleged to have been committed in pursuit of political beliefs." The National Committee on Social Integration (NCSI) will issue a Certificate of Amnesty to qualified applicants. Implementing rules and regulations are being drafted and the decree will be submitted to the Senate of the Philippines and the House of Representatives of the Philippines for their concurrence. The proclamation becomes effective only after Congress has concurred.

On January, 2008, Avelino Razon, Philippine National Police chief stated that the New People's Army (NPA) rebels have only 5,700 members as of 2007 due to military destruction of 13 guerrilla bases (lowest level in 20 years). NPAs fought in 69 of 81 Philippinemarker provinces since 1969. 40,000 people have died in the conflict.

2008 Prediction of PGMA downfall

On January 18, 2008, (in the Netherlandsmarker), Jose Maria Sison, Communist Party of the Philippines leader, predicted the downfall and failure to finish the term of the 14th President of the Philippinesmarker: “She [Arroyo] can fix the Constitution so she could stay on beyond 2010. But it remains to be seen if she can stay on and end her administration by 2010.” Sison submitted the reasons, to wit: "the mass organizations of the national democratic movement, the opposition parties, factions within the military and police organizations, among others, would try their best to wrest power from Mrs. Arroyo before her term ends."


  1. Joma Sison recalls birth of CPP in Alaminos -, Philippine News for Filipinos
  2., Joma Sison recalls birth of CPP in Alaminos
  3. Abs-Cbn Interactive, Sison: 'Cultural activities' to mark CPP 39th anniversary
  4. [PRWC Party Documents] Saligang Batas ng Partido Komunista ng Pilipinas, December 26, 1968
  5. Foreign Terrorist Organization: Redesignation of Communist Party of the Philippines/New People's Army
  6., Arroyo signs amnesty proclamation for communists
  7. ABS-CBN Interactive, NPAs down to 5,700

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