community ( ) is the lowest level of local government
structure in Wales,
corresponding to a civil parish in
Until 1974, Wales was divided into civil parishes. These were
abolished by section 20(6) of the Local Government Act 1972
replaced by communities by section 27 of the same Act. The principal areas
are divided entirely into communities. Unlike in
England, where unparished areas
exist, no part of Wales is outside a community, even in urban areas
Community councils in Wales are
identical to English parish
councils in terms of their powers and the way they
Welsh community councils may call themselves
unilaterally and may have
granted by the Crown
. In Wales, all town
councils are community councils. There are currently two communities with
city status: Bangor and St David's.
The Chair of a town council or city council
will usually have the title Mayor
However, not every community has a council. In communities with
populations too small to justify a full community council, community meetings
As of the 2001 census
there were 869 communities in Wales. They vary in size from
Rhayader with an area
of 13,945 hectares to Cefn Fforest
with an area of 64 hectares. Barry has the largest population with 45,053 inhabitants
according to the 2001 census. Baglan Bay and Margam Moors have
no permanent residents.
- Davies, John; Nigel Jenkins, Menna Baines & Peredur I.
Lynch (2008) The Welsh Academy Encyclopaedia of Wales,
University of Wales Press, Cardiff.