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Compiègne is a commune in the Oisemarker department in northern Francemarker.

The city is located along the Oise Rivermarker. Its inhabitants are called Compiégnois.

Administration

Compiègne is the seat of three cantons
  • Compiègne-Nord (with 5 communes)
  • Compiègne-Sud-Est (southeast) (with 4 communes)
  • Compiègne-Sud-Ouest (southwest) (with 5 communes)


History

665 - Saint Wilfrid consecrated Bishop of York.


February 888 - Odo, Count of Paris and king of the Franks was crowned in Compiègne.


23 May 1430 - During the Hundred Years' War, Joan of Arc was captured by the Burgundians while attempting to free Compiègne. They then sold her to the English.


1630 - Marie de' Medici's attempts to displace Richelieu ultimately led to her exile to Compiègne, from where she escaped to Brusselsmarker in 1631.


11 November 1918 - The Armistice with Germany , agreed at Le Francport near Compiègne, ends fighting of World War I


22 June 1940 - Another Armistice with France was signed between Nazi Germany and the defeated France in Le Francport, near Compiègne, in the same place as in 1918, in the same railroad carriage, but with the seats swapped.


1968 - The starting location of the Paris-Roubaix bicycle race was changed from Parismarker to Compiègne.


2004 - The Communauté de Communes de la Région de Compiègne becomes a partner in a European Union INTERREG IIIb project called SAND (see link below)


Historical population

  • 1882: 13,393
  • 1990: 41,663 (municipal), 44,703 (total)
  • 1999: 41,076 (municipal), 44,703 (total), 69,903 (agglomeration), urban (108,234)


Sights

View of Compiègne

Museums



Compiègne Forest

The Compiègne Forestmarker was the site of the signing of two armistices; the 1918 Armistice with Germany and the 1940 Armistice with France. Hitler specifically chose the location, and had the original signing carriage moved from Paris to Compiègne, as an irony for the defeated French.The site still houses several memorials to the 1918 armistice, including a copy of the original railway carriage. The original, after use in the 1940 armistice was moved to Berlin as a trophy of Nazi triumph. However, in April 1945, facing certain and a humiliating defeat, and to avoid it being used again, Hitler ordered the carriage's destruction by SSmarker in Crawinkel, Thuringia and the remains scattered and/or buried.

Cycling

Since 1968 Compiègne is the traditional start city of the famous Paris-Roubaix bicycle race. It was also the finish city of 3rd stage in the 2007 Tour de France.

Notable people

Compiègne was the birthplace of:

Twin towns

Compiègne is twinned with:

See also



References



External links



North: Clairoixmarker, Choisy-au-Bacmarker and Margny-lès-Compiègnemarker
West: Jauxmarker, Venettemarker

Compiègne East: Saint-Jean-aux-Bois and Vieux-Moulin
South: Lacroix-Saint-Ouenmarker



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