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Concord ( ; formerly, Drunken Indian and Todos Santos) is the largest city in Contra Costa Countymarker, Californiamarker, USAmarker, and the 202nd largest in the U.S. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 121,780. Originally founded in 1869 as the community of Todos Santos by Salvio Pacheco, the name was changed to Concord within months. The city is a major regional suburban East Bay center within the San Jose/San Francisco Metropolitan Area, and is located just east of San Franciscomarker.

Geography

Concord is located at . In terms of travelling distance on the ground, it is northeast of San Franciscomarker, northeast from Oaklandmarker, southwest of Sacramentomarker, and north of San Josemarker.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 30.1 square miles (78.1 km²), all of it land.

The focal point of downtown Concord is Todos Santos Plaza, which encompasses an entire city block and is known for its farmers market, free summer concerts, and large number of surrounding restaurants. Much of the area immediately around downtown has recently been redeveloped, with new high-density apartment and condominium projects to take advantage of the close proximity to public transportation and the vibrant area surrounding the park. Despite this, crime and homelessness remain serious issues in the downtown area.

To the north and east of downtown is the older residential area of Concord, with many homes dating back to before World War II. In the far northern edge of town is a primarily industrial area, dominated by the Tesoro Golden Eagle refinery (which is actually not located within city limits). The southeastern area of the city, centered along Clayton Road, is primarily residential and was mostly developed in the 1960s and 1970s. In the southwest area of the city is the primarily Latino neighborhood known as Four Corners, centered around the intersection of Monument Boulevard and Oak Grove Road.

Concord is bordered on the west by Pleasant Hillmarker and the unincorporated community of Pachecomarker, on the south by Walnut Creekmarker, on the southeast by Claytonmarker, on the northeast by Pittsburgmarker and the unincorporated community of Bay Pointmarker, and on the north by the unincorporated community of Clydemarker. Though they don't share a border, Martinezmarker (the county seat) is located almost immediately adjacent to Concord on the northwest.

History

The valleys north of Mount Diablomarker were inhabited by the Miwok people, who hunted elk and fished in the numerous streams flowing from the mountain into the San Francisco Baymarker. In 1772 Spanish explorers began to cross the area, but did not settle here. In 1834 the Mexican land grant Rancho Monte del Diablomarker at the base of Mount Diablo was granted to Salvio Pacheco (for whom the nearby town of Pachecomarker is named).

Concord was founded under the name of Todos Santos (a name still borne by the central city plaza and park between Willow Pass Road and Salvio Street), on the initiative of Pacheco in 1869. It achieved prominence in the 19th century as a result of most residents of Pachecomarker relocating to Concord to avoid the devastation of fire and flood which crippled Pacheco's formerly booming economy. Concord was incorporated on February 5, 1905.

The area around Concord in the surrounding Ygnacio and Clayton Valleys was a large agricultural area. Crops that were grown included grapes, walnuts, wheat, hay, and even tomatoes. The area to the east (site of the Concord Naval Weapons Station) was the site of a few enormous wheat ranches over , and was almost a sea of wheat all the way to the marshes bordering Suisun Bay. During Prohibition, many vineyards were removed and replaced with walnut orchards. The town of Cowellmarker now incorporated into Concord, produced cement.

The first post office opened in 1872.

Port Chicago disaster

The munitions on board a Navymarker cargo ship exploded while being loaded during World War II, resulting in the largest number of casualties among African Americans in any one incident during that war. On the evening of July 17, 1944 a massive explosion instantly killed 320 sailors, merchant seamen and civilians working at the pier. The blast was felt 30 miles away. A subsequent refusal by 258 black sailors to load any more ammunition was the beginning of the Navy's largest-ever mutiny trial in which 50 men were found guilty. Future Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall sat in on most of the proceedings and declared that he saw a prejudiced court.

Sunvalley Mall plane crash

On the evening of December 23, 1985, two days before Christmas, a twin-engine Beechcraft Baron, executing a missed instrument approach procedure from an approach to runway 19R of Buchanan Airportmarker, lost control and crashed into the roof of nearby Sunvalley Mallmarker, killing the pilot and two passengers and seriously injuring 84 Christmas shoppers in the crowded mall below, mainly by spraying them with burning fuel. Four of the victims on the ground later died from their injuries. The accident brought increased local opposition to the airport, and caused Pacific Southwest Airlines to delay scheduled passenger service that had been planned for the new year.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 121,780 people, 44,020 households, and 30,329 families residing in the city. The population density was 4,041.0 people per square mile (1,560.0/km²). There were 45,083 housing units at an average density of 1,496.0/sq mi (577.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city is 70.71% White, 3.04% Black or African American, 0.76% Native American, 9.39% Asian, 0.50% Pacific Islander, 9.65% from other races, and 5.94% from two or more races. 21.81% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 44,020 households out of which 34.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.4% were married couples living together, 12.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.1% were non-families. 23.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.74 and the average family size was 3.22.

In the city the age of the population was spread out with 25.3% under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 32.8% from 25 to 44, 22.2% from 45 to 64, and 10.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 97.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $55,597, and the median income for a family was $62,093. Males had a median income of $45,734 versus $34,860 for females. The per capita income for the city was $24,727. About 5.2% of families and 7.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.0% of those under age 18 and 6.2% of those age 65 or over.

As of 2005, the racial makeup of the city had changed to: 63.9% White, 2.6% Black or African American, 0.1% Native American, 12.0% Asian, 0.8% Pacific Islander, 15.4% from other races, and 5.2% from two or more races. 26.3% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Politics

In the state legislature Concord is located in the 7th Senate District, represented by Democrat Mark DeSaulnier, and in the 11th Assembly District, represented by Democrat Tom Torlakson. Federally, Concord is located in part California's 7th congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of D +19 and is represented by Democrat George Miller The rest is part of the 10th Congressional District formerly represented by 7-term Democrat Ellen Tauscher, who resigned on June 26, 2009 to accept an appointment as Undersecretary of State for Arms Control and International Security. The seat is currently open, following an inconclusive special election held on September 2, 2009, forcing another special election on November 3, 2009.

Economy

Concord has been primarily a bedroom community for San Francisco and Oakland over the last forty years, but during the last decades, jobs within the city have increased. Corporations with strong Bay Areamarker regional ties, such as Chevron and Bank of America, have established extensive back-office operations there, diversifying the local economy. Concord also has a strong retail sector including the Sunvalley Mallmarker, one of the 50 largest malls in the USA, auto dealerships, Costco, and Fry's Electronics. Prior to its dissolution, Atrivo was headquartered in Concord.

Naval Weapons Station

Aerial view of the Naval Weapons Station


To the north of the city of Concord is the Concord Naval Weapons Station, which was established in 1942. The station functioned as a World War II armament storage depot, supplying ships at Port Chicagomarker. The Concord NWS supported war efforts during the Vietnam War and through the end of the Gulf War, processing and shipping out thousands of tons of war materiel to Southeast Asia and the Middle East.

The station consists of two areas: the Inland Area ( ) which is within the Concord city limits, and Tidal Area ( ). Because of changes in military operations, parts of the Inland Area began to be mothballed and by 1999, the station had only a minimal contingent of military personnel. In 2007 the U.S. Federal Government announced that the inland portion of the Naval station will be closed. The Tidal area of the base is not scheduled for closure. The city is working on a reuse plan that may include developing the land while keeping a large portion for open-space and parks projects. The city has had many meetings on this subject and will continue to do so. Any plan for reuse is subject to approval by the Navy.

Transportation

Until 1995 the city was the eastern terminus of the Concord line of Bay Area Rapid Transit commuter train system; the line has since been extended eastward to Pittsburg/Bay Pointmarker. The County Connection provides limited public transportation in the city and to other points in the county. Buses run from the North Concord BART stationmarker to Martinezmarker, the county seat.

Main thoroughfares include Willow Pass Road, Concord Avenue, Concord Boulevard, Clayton Road, Ygnacio Valley Road and Treat Boulevard. The city is also served by Interstate 680, and state highways 4 and 242.

Buchanan Field Airportmarker is a public county-owned airfield in the City of Concord. It currently does not have any scheduled passenger service, but was once served by WestAir, Pacific Southwest Airlines, and later U.S. Airways for a short time.

Media

The city of Concord is served by the daily newspaper, the Contra Costa Times published by the Bay Area News Group-East Bay (part of the Media News Group, Denver, Colorado), with offices in Walnut Creekmarker. The paper was originally a paper run and owned by the Lesher family. Since the death of Dean Lesher in 1993, the paper has had several owners. The publisher also issues a weekly paper, the Concord Transcript, which is the local paper for Concord and nearby Claytonmarker.

Education

Concord is served by the Mount Diablo Unified School District. Concord's Clayton Valley High School is home to several acclaimed California academies, specifically ClaytonArts Academy, a four year English, social studies and arts based program with an emphasis on cross curriculur projects. Concord is also home to Mt. Diablo High School, opened in 1905, and home to the Digital safari, a three-year program involving the integration of multimedia with the core curriculum through integrated, project-based learning.Concord's De La Salle High Schoolmarker is home of the record winning streak of 151 games set by the football team between 1992 and 2004. During that span, De La Salle won 12 California North Coast sectional championships, and was named national champion five different times (once by ESPN, four times by USA Today).

Ygnacio Valley High Schoolmarker won the 1987 Northern California Boys Division I Basketball Championship, Coached by Jim Grace.

De La Salle High Schoolmarker (a private Catholic High School) is bordered by its sister school Carondelet High Schoolmarker and Ygnacio Valley High Schoolmarker.

The headquarters of the Kabul Soccer Club is located in Concord.

Concord High School, home of the Minutemen.

California State University, East Baymarker has a campus in Concord.

Arts and culture

Concord is the home of the annual Concord Jazz Festival and was the home of the Concord Records jazz record label until it was bought in 1999.

Jazz musician Dave Brubeck was born in Concord and a park on Concord Boulevard, adjacent to Concord High School, was recently renamed in his honor (see below). Actor Tom Hanks was also born in Concord. Actor Mark Hamill, Olympic gold-medalist Natalie Coughlin and mixed martial artist Gil Castillo have also been Concord residents. Actor/Comedian Carlos Alazraqui attended Concord High School. Concord is the original home of the counter-cultural icons Negativland.

Concord is also home to the 13-time World Champion Blue Devils Drum and Bugle Corps. The corps is made up of talented musicians from around the world. The Concord Blue Devils are the most decorated drum and bugle corps in the history of Drum Corps International.

Public Access Television is operated through TelVue Virtual Television Networks.

Points of interest



Parks

  • Six Flags Waterworld Concordmarker
  • Pixie Playland
  • Concord Skatepark
  • Todos Santos Park
  • Willow Pass Community Park
  • Ygnacio Valley Park
  • Newhall Community Park
  • Lime Ridge Open Space
  • Dave Brubeck Park
  • Rick Sears Memorial Park
  • Matteo's Dream - a playground for children of all abilities
  • Concord Community Pool[15789]


Famous Concordians



Sister city

In 1974 Concord became a sister city with Kitakami, Iwatemarker, in Japanmarker. The city established a small Japanese style park in the city, and placed half of a sculpture, The Communion Bridge, in it. The matching half of the bridge is in Kitakami.

References

  1. City of Concord City Profile, official city web site, retrieved on 2007-08-16
  2. [1]
  3. [2]
  4. City of Concord demographics. Accessed 2007-08-13
  5. Krebs, Brian. " Report Slams U.S. Host as Major Source of Badware." The Washington Post. August 28, 2008. Retrieved on August 31, 2009.
  6. About the City of Concord Community Reuse Project, official city web site'. Retrieved 2007-08-13
  7. Concord Navel Weapons Station Reuse Information Portal. Retrieved 2007-08-13
  8. "Concord Naval Weapons Station". Contra Costa Times website collection of articles. Retrieved 2007-08-13
  9. Reception honors Concord native son, jazz great Dave Brubeck, official city web site, retrieved on 2007-01-15
  10. Official Camp Concord homepage
  11. Largest homeland disaster during World War II from the National Park Service
  12. City of Concord Sister City, official city web site, retrieved on 2007-08-16


External links




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